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anthro chapter 11
Terms in this set (17)
The patterning of human interdependence in a given society through the actions and decisions of its members.
the part of the discipline of anthropology that debates issues of human nature that relate directly to the decisions of daily life and making a living
Complex social organizations such as governments, economies, and education systems
neoclassical economic theory
a formal attempt to explain the workings of capitalism
An economic system dominated by the supply-demand-price mechanism called the market; an entire way of life that grew in response to and in service of that market
non-capitalist form of economic exchange that are deeply embedded in social relations and always require a return gift
Impersonal economic exchanges typical of the capitalist market in which goods are exchanged for cash and exchange partners need have nothing further to do with one another.
modes of exchange
patterns according to which distribution takes place: reciprocity, redistribution, and market exchange.
the exchange of goods and services of equal value.
three forms of reciprocity:
1. Generalised - either the time nor the value of the return is specified.
2. Balanced - the return of equal value is expected within a specific time limit.
3. Negative - parties in the exchange hope to get something for nothing
A mode of exchange that requires some form of centralized social organization to receive economic contributions from all members of the group and to redistribute them in such a way that every group member is provided for.
Goods and services are exchanged for money, with the price being set by the "market forces" of supply and demand
the activity linking human social groups to the material world around them; from the point of view or Karl Marx, labor is therefore always social labor
mode of production
Way of organizing production—a set of social relations through which labor is deployed to wrest energy from nature by means of tools, skills, and knowledge.
means of production
the tools, skills, organization and knowledge used to extract energy from nature
relation of production
the social relations linking the people who use a given means of production within a particular mode of production
the using up of material goods necessary for human survival
The condition of having more than enough of whatever is required to satisfy consumption needs
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