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Riley and Nadjibe

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direct democracy
A form of government in which citizens rule directly and not through representatives
dictatorship
form of government in which the leader has absolute power and authority
monarchy
A government ruled by a king or queen
aristocrat
a member of a rich and powerful family
city-state
A city with its own traditions and its own government and laws; both a city and a separate independent state
agora
a central area in Greek cities used both as a marketplace and as a meeting place
republic
a government in which citizens rule through elected representatives
aqueducts
structures that carried water over long distances
provinces
government districts similar to states
schism
a formal split within a religious organization; any division or separation of a group or organization into hostile factions
oligarchy
a political system governed by a few people
socrates
Greek philosopher; socratic method--questioning; sentenced to death for corrupting Athens youth
Aristotle
one of the greatest of the ancient Athenian philosophers
code of Justinian
Collection of laws and legal intepretaions developed under the emperor.
veto
"I forbid"
patrician
In ancient Rome, a member of the privileged upper class
consul
one of two officials who led the government in the ancient Roman republic
romulus and remus
Legendary founders of Rome
Augustus
First emperor of Rome
Alexander the Great
king of Mcedonia who conquered Geece, Persia, Egypt, and the Indus Valley; his conquests spread Greek culture throughout parts of 3 continents
Julius Caesar
Made dictator for life in 45 BCE, after conquering Gaul, assinated in 44 BCE by the Senate because they were afraid of his power.
Hippocrates
father of medicine.
Sparta
Greek city-state that was ruled by an oligarchy, focused on military, used slaves for agriculture, discouraged the arts
Constantine
Roman Emperor (4th century A.D.) who promoted tolerance to all religions in the Roman Empire and legalized Christianity
Byzantine Empire
The eastern Roman empire
Constantinople
capital of the Byzantine Empire
Athens
Powerful city in Ancient Greece that was a leader in arts, sciences, philosophy, democracy and architecture.
Greek Fire
Byzantine weapon consisting of mixture of chemicals that ignited when exposed to water; utilized to drive back the Arab fleets that attacked Constantinople.