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Black Death Revision Questions - Year 8 History
Black Death Revision questions
Terms in this set (75)
How long was the Black Death in Europe?
Four years (1347-1351)
Where did it come from?
Eastern & Central Asia
How did it travel to Europe?
Through trade (Rats traveled in Cargo ships)
What animals/insects carried the plague?
Fleas & Rats
What was the process in which the person would get infected?
The ships would dock & unload, the rats would jump off and enter the city, the flies would leave the rats and land on humans (biting them) then infecting them
What the reason that rats and fleas could thrive?
The dirty conditions
People moved outside of the cities and would spread the plague to where?
The Black Death was sometimes called what?
What was the plague characterized?
Big black sores all over the person's body
The Black Death killed about what percentage of the population of Europe?
What was a significant fact about the deaths?
So many people died that the other people couldn't bury the bodies fast enough
What was the result of this?
Whole villages could be killed by plague
The Black Death started our modern day __________ and ______________.
System & demand for laborers
What fell apart during the Black Death?
The Feudal Manor system
What were the two major problems for both the peasants and nobles?
Peasants - there were not enough people left to work in the fields : Nobles - They had to work in their own fields
How did the peasants use that to their advantage?
They could charge nobles for their services and only work for the highest wages
Did all peasants stay where they were originally from?
No, some moved off the manor system and went to the cities for more work
What were some symptoms of the Black Death?
High fever, swollen tongue, sweating, weakness
What nursery rhyme was associated with the Black Death?
Ring-A-Ring of Rosies
After the plague, there was no extra _______.
What is considered the most unusual feature of a plague doctor?
The Black Death entered Europe through ________?
The overwhelming awareness of _____ in the middle ages was a result of the bubonic plague?
A ____ ______ and cleanliness kept most Jews free from the Black Death?
What were the attempts to stop the plague?
A doctor's robe & "leeching and bleeding"
How is the bacteria carried?
A flea drinking rat blood
The decline in food production led to higher prices which led to _______.
The plague led to an overwhelming pessimism, to religious fanaticism, to suspicion of travelers, and to intolerance of ____.
As results the kings of Europe consolidate power...it is the beginning of the end of ______.
Kings use a _________ to rule, raise taxes, and pass laws.
By 1300 Europeans were _____ almost all the land they could cultivate.
A _____ crisis developed.
As many as ____ of the peasants in the English villages died
One consequence of _____ & ________ was susceptibility to
Starvation & Poverty
How many forms of the plague were there?
The country in which the plague is believed to have started
The year in which the largest number of Europeans died from the plague
The percentage of people in Europe believed to have died from the plague
A visit to a holy site
The version of the plague that attacked the lungs and could be spread by droplet infection
The apple-sized, pus filled bumps that grew on the armpits and groins of sufferers
What color was the bubo at first? What color did it change to?
started red and finished dark purple or black
What was the treatment for headaches?
Rose, lavender, sage and bay
What was the cure for sickness and nausea?
Wormwood, mint and balm
What was one of the best ways to treat the plague?
How did the people try and avoid the plague?
by keeping clean and good hygiene
What years did the Black Death occur in Europe?
What other name was used to refer to the Black Death?
The Great Mortality
When was the last outbreak of the plague?
The last known case was in Europe in 1722
How is the disappearance of the plague explained?
The black rats that carried the disease have been replaced by brown rats that didn't carry anything
How was the Black Death preventable?
Exercise and balanced meals
How many people have been killed?
Approx. One third
How does the black death continue to spread from person to person?
Most common form, transmitted by fleas
What is the Pneumonic Plague?
Bacteria multiply in blood, an aerosol
Outcome: Death 2-6 days after exposure.
Major Symptom: Fever/Cough Watch
What was the reason that rats & fleas could thrive?
the dirty conditions
What fell apart during the Black Death?
The Feudal Manor System
Where did the Black Death originate?
In the Gobi Desert
How did the black plague reach Europe?
Was there a cure for the Plague?
No, but there were several remedies
Which century was the plague most devastating in Europe?
Did the Black Plague weaken or strengthen Europe's economy?
Strengthened the economy
Because of the population drop in Europe, there was a high demand for what?
The church ______ the people when the plague continued to spread despite their prayers.
Peasants no longer needed the support of what to survive?
What caused the change?
Weather patterns began to change, war breaks out
Origins of Plague:
Plague originates in China
What are the Nobles?
Nobles have fled in an effort of self-preservation
Was it an epidemic or pandemic?
What were some medieval treatments?
Prayer, physical abuse, natural remedies, bloodletting
What were the effects on population?
23,840,000 Christian Europeans died
Who was involved?
population of Asia then Europe
Jews during the Black Plague:
Burned by Christians, scapegoats for Black Plague
Did the black plague seem to travel more quickly along the shipping routes or overland?
Shipping routes (like the Silk Road)
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