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17 terms

Ancient Greece Vocabulary

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city-state
a central city and its surrounding villages
peninsula
land that is surrounded by water on three sides
colony
a territory or community that is under control of another country
trireme
fast ships used by Greeks in battles
polis
the central city of a city-state
oligarchy
a form of government in which a few powerful individuals rule
democracy
a form of government in which citizens vote to make decisions; "rule by the people"
monarchy
a form of government where a king or queen rules; government by "one"
Alexander the Great
king of Macedonia whose conquests spread Greek culture throughout parts of the world
comedy
a play in which the story and characters are humorous
philosophy
a person who studies and thinks about why the world is the way it is
myth
a traditional story attempting to explain some belief or occurrence
Plato
Greek philosopher and student of Socrates
Socrates
Greek philosopher who sentenced to death for urging young people to revolt
Parthenon
a large temple built on the Acropolis in Athens and dedicated to the goddess Athena
tragedy
a serious play that has an unhappy ending
Aristotle
Greek philosopher and private teacher of Alexander the Great