How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

18 terms

operant conditioning

STUDY
PLAY
operant conditioning
a type of learning in which behavior is strengthened it followed by a reinforcer or diminished followed by a punishment
operant chamber
a box with an attached record divice to track the rate at which the animal presses the box bar to obtain the reinforcer
reinforcement
in operant conditioning any event that strengthens the behavior it follows
shaping
an operant conditioning procedure in which reinforcers guide actions closer and closer to the desired behavior
positive reinforcement
increases behaviors by presenting positive stimuli such as food a positive reinforcer is anything that when resented afer a response strengthens a response.
negative reinforcement
increases behavior by stopping and reducing negative stimuli such as shock. or anything that when removed after a response strengthens a response.
primary reinforcer
an event that is innately reinforcing ofton by satisfying a biological need
conditioned reinforcer
also known as secondary reinforcer an event that gains reinforcing power through its link with primary reinforcer
reinforcement schedule
a pattern that defines how ofton a desired response will be reinforced
continuous reinforcement
reinforcing to a desired response will be reinforced
partial reinforcement
reinforcing a response only part of the time results in slower acquisition but much greater existence to then does continuous reinforcement
fixed ratio schedule
in operant conditioning a reinforcement schedule that reinforces a response only after a spacific number of responses
ex 1 food pelet every 30 responses
variable ratio schedule
in operant conditioning, a reinforcement schedule that reinforces a response after an unpredictable number of responses
ex gambling slots
fixed interval schedule
in operant conditioning, a reinforcement schedule that reinforces a response only after a specified time has elapsed
ex people waiting for an important letter and check more ofton then usual
variable interval schedule
in operant conditioning, a reinforcement schedule that reinforces a response at unpredictable time intervals
ex/ "you got mail" finally rewards persistence in rechecking for mail
punishment
an event that decreases the behavior that it follows
respondent behavior
behavior that occurs as an automatic response to some stimulus
operant behavior
behavior that operates on the environment, producing consequences