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a type of learning in which behavior is strengthened it followed by a reinforcer or diminished followed by a punishment
a box with an attached record divice to track the rate at which the animal presses the box bar to obtain the reinforcer
in operant conditioning any event that strengthens the behavior it follows
an operant conditioning procedure in which reinforcers guide actions closer and closer to the desired behavior
increases behaviors by presenting positive stimuli such as food a positive reinforcer is anything that when resented afer a response strengthens a response.
increases behavior by stopping and reducing negative stimuli such as shock. or anything that when removed after a response strengthens a response.
an event that is innately reinforcing ofton by satisfying a biological need
also known as secondary reinforcer an event that gains reinforcing power through its link with primary reinforcer
a pattern that defines how ofton a desired response will be reinforced
reinforcing to a desired response will be reinforced
reinforcing a response only part of the time results in slower acquisition but much greater existence to then does continuous reinforcement
fixed ratio schedule
in operant conditioning a reinforcement schedule that reinforces a response only after a spacific number of responses
ex 1 food pelet every 30 responses
variable ratio schedule
in operant conditioning, a reinforcement schedule that reinforces a response after an unpredictable number of responses
ex gambling slots
fixed interval schedule
in operant conditioning, a reinforcement schedule that reinforces a response only after a specified time has elapsed
ex people waiting for an important letter and check more ofton then usual
variable interval schedule
in operant conditioning, a reinforcement schedule that reinforces a response at unpredictable time intervals
ex/ "you got mail" finally rewards persistence in rechecking for mail
an event that decreases the behavior that it follows
behavior that occurs as an automatic response to some stimulus
behavior that operates on the environment, producing consequences
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