How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

55 terms

Arkansas Animal Science unit 1-6

All terms unit 1-6
STUDY
PLAY
cell
the basic unit of life
chromosome
a strand ofgenetic material that contains genetic code
crossbreeding
the breeding of two different pure breeds
gene
a unit of inheritance composed of DNA
genetics
the study of heredity
genotype
genetic makeup of an animal
heredity
the passing of traits from parents to offspring
phenotype
the outward expression of a gene
purebred breeding
the breeding of animals within the same breed
reproduction
the process by which new organisms are derived normally involving the union of the male and female sex cells
agricultural animal—
species of animals produced on farms and ranches for useful products
Career Development Event (CDE)—
an activity sponsored by the FFA offering members opportunity to display competencies gained in agriculture education classes
cattle—
male or female Bovine raised for the production of beef and/or milk
swine—
animal of the family Suidae raised for the production of pork
sheep—
Ovine animals raised for the production of meat and fiber
poultry—
any species of fowl that is raised for the production of meat, eggs, and/or other products, including chickens, ducks, turkeys, and other species
goat—
any ruminant of the genus Capra that is produced for milk, meat, fiber, or other use
equine—
animals of the genus Equus raised for work, recreational, or other uses
anemia
a deficiency of hemoglobin, iron, or red blood cells often due to nutrition
balanced ration
a daily allowance of livestock feed mixed to contain suitable nutrients to promote normal development, maintenance, lactation, or gestation
bloat
a severe distension of the abdomen by gas; two types: dry and frothy
carbohydrates
any certain organic chemical compounds of C, H, and O which include sugar and starches
concentrate
feed that is high in energy and low in fiber
fats
the oily or greasy substances found in certain plants
feed
a source or product containing nutrients that support animal life and productivity
feedstuff
a feed ingredient
milk fever
paralysis due to an imbalance of blood calcium, sugars, or magnesium
mineral
a chemical compound or element of inorganic origin
nutrition
the process by which an animal ingests and uses nutrients in food materials
protein
any of a large number of complex organic compounds of amino acids that is an essential part of all living things
ration
the food an animal consumes in a 24-hour period
total digestible nutrient
all nutrients consumed by an animal that are digested and used
vitamin
an organic substance that performs specific and necessary functions in relatively small concentrates in an organism
vitamin deficency
a disease caused by the lack of one or more vitamins in the diet
water
the most valuable natural resource
animal-related injury
an injury to humans caused by an animal
Occupational safety
promoting safety in the work place
personal safety
promoting the protection of individuals from injury
zoonotic
a disease communicable from animals to humans under natural conditions; also know as zoonosis
Compost
decomposing manure used as a soil additive
fence
a structure for confining animals or protecting property
lagoon
a body of water established for anaerobic decomposition of organic waste
silo
a pit, trench, aboveground horizontal structure, or vertical cylinder structure of relatively airtight construction into which green crops, such as corn, grass, legumes, or small grain and other feeds, are placed and converted into silage for later use
nutient managment plan
a plan that establishes the quantities of animal manure and other wastes that may be applied to land based on the nutrient contents of the wastes
squeeze chute
a device for safely securing a large animal for administration of a health or management practice
ventilation
to provide fresh circulating air
animal identification
attaching or altering an animal so that its identity is known; methods include tags, tattoos, brands, DNA, and notching
castration
removing the testicles of a male to prevent unwanted breeding and promote desired growth
debeaking
removing the tip of the beak of a baby chick to deter unwanted pecking and cannibalism
dehorning
removing the horns or horn-developing tissue of an animal
hormone implant
a small pellet of hormone substance placed under the skin of an animal
producer quality assurance
a program that guides animal producers in selecting management practices to produce a quality animal product in which its well-being is
considered
sheering
removing the hair or wool from an animal
tail docking
removing the tail from an animal
vaccination
administering a vaccine