Applied Lab terms for midterm - chapters 1-4
Terms in this set (29)
• attachment theory
Accounting for the meaning of attachment and the human need for safe, secure and enduring relationships with one or a few significant others who can respond to our emotional needs
the tendency for objects to be perceived as unchanging despite variations in the positions in and conditions under which the objects are observed; for example, a book's shape is always perceived as a rectangle regardless of the visual angle from which it is viewed. The relatively enduring emotional investment in another person.
• compromise solutions
A compromise is a situation in which people accept something slightly different from what they really want, because of circumstances or because they are considering the wishes of other people.
• splitting defenses
Polarizing the view of someone as all good or all bad to ward off experiences so they don't have to think about them.
• dichotomous thinking
Black or white thinking. Only able to see extremes of a situation; unable to see gray areas or complexities of a situation
• subjugation schema
Excessive surrendering of control to others because one feels coerced, usual to avoid anger, retaliation, or abandonment.
• rejection/shame schema
Unable to form secure and satisfying attachments. They believe that their needs for stability, safety, and nurturing love and belonging will not be met.
• process comments
types of here-and-now, present-focused interventions
• corrective emotional experience
New and more satisfying response to the client's old relationship patterns than they usually have formed with others. Working collaboratively w/clients.
• client response specificity
Therapists need to tailor these responses to fit the specific needs of each individual client.
• working alliance
when client perceives the therapist as a capable and trustworthy ally in their personal struggles - someone who is interested in, and capable of, helping them with their problems.
• empathic understanding
a genuine feeling of warmth and concern for the client - and that their distress matters to the therapist. Not a technique, but an attitude.
• repetitive relational patterns
identify the interpersonal scenarios that keep recurring for the client that weave throughout client's symptoms and problems.
• pathogenic beliefs
thoughts and feelings that help to create and sustain the maladaptive relational patterns. Example: A client who feel excessive or unrealistic guilt, the pathogenic belief - "I am being selfish whenever I say no or do what I want."
• core affect
"characterological affect"- the central or core feeling that some clients experience as nothing less than the defining aspect of their existence
• interpersonal feedback
immediacy interventions point out contradictions and help clients see discrepancies between what they are saying and doing.
uses interpersonal feedback from the therapist to make overt how the client's maladaptive relational patterns are affecting the therapist at that moment and how they are being played out in their current interaction.
when a client is struggling with a conflict between their genuine wish to change and seed to maintain the status quo.
• hot cognitions
when client is upset or distressed pathogenic beliefs and faulty expectations will be revealed.
in attachment terms this is a "holding environment" that provided her with the psychological safety needed to address-explore, experience, share- these sensitive issues for the first time.
the internal focus on changing their own responses, rather than trying to change the other person. The therapist is not fixing or curing the client -the client is sharing ownership of the treatment process.
• safe haven
what client may consider in therapist. A place to share distress and become more reflective
An internal focus to help clients look within and become more aware of their own responses. Adopting an internal locus of change to help begin to act from within. Gaining a greater sense of self-efficacy and ownership to become a more active agent in their own change process
• autonomy and initiative
Independence is fostered in treatment and the client have the experience of sharing responsibility of the course of treatment. Therapist follows the client's lead but is also not being indirective. Striving to achieve a collaborative effort in therapy.
• motivational interviewing
Motivational interviewing is a form of collaborative conversation for strengthening a person's own motivation and commitment to change
Bowlby attachment theory
children come into the world biologically pre-programmed to form attachments with others, because this will help them to survive. both infants and mothers have evolved a biological need to stay in contact with each other.
Bowlby attachment instinctive
attachment behaviors are instinctive and will be activated by any conditions that seem to threaten the achievement of proximity, such as separation, insecurity and fear.
Bowlby fear of strangers
fear of strangers represents an important survival mechanism, built in by nature. Babies are born with the tendency to display certain innate behaviors (called social releasers) which help ensure proximity and contact with the mother or attachment figure
Summary of Bowlby theory
1. A child has an innate (i.e. inborn) need to attach to one main attachment figure
2.A child should receive the continuous care of this single most important attachment figure for approximately the first two years of life.
3. The long term consequences of maternal deprivation might include the following: delinquency, reduced intelligence, increased aggression, depression, affectionless psychopathy
4.short term separation from an attachment figure leads to distress
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