Week 7 EAHP

Describe the anatomy of the chest wall, airways and lungs
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Terms in this set (16)
chest wall:
- The chest wall is comprised of skin, fat, muscles, and the thoracic skeleton
- It provides protection to vital organs

The anatomy of the airway begins with the nose and nasal cavity (or oral cavity), then proceeds through the pharynx, past the epiglottis, into the larynx where your vocal cords are, down the trachea, through the bronchial tree, and into the lungs.

- The right lung has three lobes and is slightly larger than the left lung, which has two lobes. The lungs are separated by the mediastinum.
you breathe in , the diaphragm moves down toward the abdomen, and the rib muscles pull the ribs upward and outward. This makes the chest cavity bigger and pulls air through the nose or mouth into the lungs.

fluid in pleural space:
- changes the elastic equilibrium volumes of the lung and chest wall
- resulting in a restrictive ventilatory effect chest wall expansion and reduced efficiency of the inspiratory muscles
- Income and social protection
- Education
- Unemployment and job insecurity
- Working life conditions
- Food insecurity
- Housing, basic amenities and the environment
- Early childhood development
- Social inclusion and non-discrimination
- Structural conflict
- Access to affordable health services of decent quality.
Define, in general terms, the central and peripheral nervous systemThe central nervous system: - made up of the brain and spinal cord - controls awareness, movement, thinking, speech and the 5 senses - controls how we think, learn, move and feel Peripheral nervous system: - divided into two parts ----- the autonomic nervous system and the somatic nervous system - ANS controls involuntary bodily functions and regulated glands - SNS controls muscle movement and relays information from the ears, eyes and skin to CNSDescribe the anatomy of the brain and brain stemFTPO lobes - frontal - temporal - parietal - occipital 3 main parts: cerebrum, cerebellum and brainstem - cerebrum: largest part of the brainAppreciate the cranial nerves- set of 12 paired nerves in the back of your brain - cranial nerves send electrical signals between your brain, face, neck and torsoDescribe, in general terms, the nerve roots, rami and elements of nerve plexuses, using the brachial plexus as an exampleIdentify the 5 terminal branches of the brachial plexus throughout the upper limb- musculocutaneous nerve - median nerve - ulnar nerve - axillary nerve - radial nerveIdentify the major elements of the bony and meningeal coverings of the brain, spinal cord and spinal nervesThree layers of membranes known as meninges protect the brain and spinal cord. inner layer: pia mater middle layer: arachnoid outer layer: dura mater - A protective layer of bone called the vertebral column covers and protects your spinal cord.