10 26 2011
The Doctrine of the Trinity: Definition
-def'n: three-in-one, one-in three and tri-unity
-"God eternally exists as three persons, Father, Son, and Holy Spirit, and each person is fully God, and there is one God." -Grudem
-note: the word trinity is not found in the Bible
Echoes of Trinity in the Old Testament (3)
-plurality of persons in creation
-God's Self-ascriptions in the plural
-God distinguished from another person called God
Trinity In the New Testament (5)
-Father, Son & Holy Spirit at Jesus' baptism
-Trinitarian formula for baptism
-Trinity in gift-given for edification
-Trinitarian doxology
-Other mentions of the triune God (1 Pet. 1:2; Jud. 20-21)
Summary of Doctrine of Trinity (3)
-God is three in persons
-Each person is fully God
-There is one God
God is three in persons (3)
-three distinct persons
-Christ is a distinct person from the Father
-'Father is not the Holy Spirit, and the Son is not the Holy Spirit'
Each Person is Fully God (3)
-God the father is indisputably God
-The Son is fully God
-The Spirit is fully God
There is One God (3)
-One in purpose, agreement and essence
-Ontological equality: one being or essential nature
-Scripture teaches that there is one God
False Teachings on the Trinity (3)
-Subordinationism & Adoptionism
Modalism (4)
-one person appears in three different forms or modes
-not distinct persons but one taking different forms
-its appeal is the argument for One God
-denies personal relationship with trinity
Chronological Modalism (3)
-Father takes form of creator and caregiver
-son acts as savior
-spirit sanctifies
Functional Modalism (3)
-God who acts or functions as creator is the Father
-God who acts or functions as redeemer is the Son
-God who acts or functions as sanctifier is the Holy Spirit
Arianism (7)
-named after Arius
-God is absolutely transcendent
-the Father created the son
-His argument is rooted in texts referring to Christ as only begotten
-Arius finds support for his view in Col. 1:15
-the dispute centered on two words regarding the Father-Son relations: homoousios and homoiousios
-homo=same; homoi=similar; ousios=essence
The Council of Nicea and the Trinity (4)
-first Ecumenical council convened by Constantine in 325 CE
-voted for the creed in condemnation of arianism - represented by Eusebius
-two Lybian bishops abstained
-Attendance Estimates: ~300
Subordinationism (3)
-son is eternally divine but not equal to the Father in being or attributes
-the Son is inferior or subordinate to the Father
-seem to have originated from Origen
Adoptionism (1)
-the view that Jesus was ordinary man until he was adopted at baptism as the 'Son' and conferred with supernatural powers
The Economy of the Trinity: distinctions between the three persons (4)
-no difference in deity, essence or attributes
-different functions relating to the world
-in creation
-in redemption