Applied lab terms midterm - chapters 5-7
Terms in this set (38)
• predominant affect
What is central to the client's in their affective experience. Evaluated by questioning the client. Observable manifestation of emotion that can change frequently.
• recurrent affective themes
Themes in the client's emotional reactions that continue to show up. Pg. 201 - The most central or unifying feeling that is encapsulated in what they are saying
• characterological affect
a predominant feeling that captures the client's current conflict and also characterizes their life more broadly. A familiar feeling that has become a part of the fabric of their life.
• holding environment
Maintaining a steady presence in the face of the client's distress as the therapist responds effectively with empathetic understanding and attuned responsiveness.
When a client has an anxious childhood need and family role to rescue their vulnerable or distressed caregiver from a life of alcohol or substance abuse, depression and an unhappy marriage, etc.
• rule-bound homeostatic system
Unspoken rules that govern emotional expression, and the more dysfunctional the family, the more inflexible and limiting will be the affective milieu. Prescribes which feelings can be expressed and which are unacceptable.
a situation in which one family member will not communicate directly with another family member, but will communicate with a third family member, which can lead to the third family member becoming part of the triangle
• adult attachment styles
a way that clients can be rated high or low on a continuum of anxiety over the availability or responsiveness of their "go to" person or significant other
• Secure adults
low in anxiety about, and avoidance of, attachment need and relationships
• dismissive adults
low in anxiety and high in avoidance
high in anxiety and low in avoidance
• fearful client
high on both anxiety and avoidance
• authoritarian approach
high control, low affection. Punitive, controlling, and punitive. Low in warmth and responsiveness high in demand. Clear expectation and clear consequences for violating them. High expectation for the children to behave in a responsible and mature manner.
low control, high affection. The parents on the side of permissiveness. Warm, nurturing, and communicative but also indulgent and set few rules or constraints. Can cause many significant problem for the the children in adulthood.
low control, low affection. Neglectful. Doing little for the children which sends the message "Go away--just leave me alone". In order to adapt to these painful situation, children of disengaged or neglectful parents often learn how to hide and not make waves, often limiting their ability to form a personal identity.
most effective and and produces well-adjusted children. this approach to parenting combines strict limits and reliably enforced rules with much parental with much parental warmth and overtly expressed affection.
• love withdrawal
- Instead of communicating that they disapprove of the child's behavior, parents, Especially authoritarian, respond with anger or rejection and communicate disapproval of the child's basic self.
a way to fashion reconnection and taking full responsibility for causing a disruption even if the anxiety is painful.
autonomy and personal identity. Children need to feel close, protected, and know that they belong while still remaining a separate person "with their own mind" and her own idea.
overinvolved families that cannot meet the changing needs that children present at different developmental stages.
• compromise solution
to cope with lack of safety, many clients begin to construct a compromise solution designed to manage continuing anxiety evoked by the unmet needs and unwanted responses the expect to receive from others now
implies that the therapist is real and/or genuine, open, integrated and authentic during their interactions with the client
to gain some active mastery over helplessness and to ward off the anxiety aroused, children begin to block their own need in the same way that the caregivers in their environment blocked it.
• rise above
because feelings and needs remain too anxiety arousing or unacceptable to be expressed or dealt with directly in current relationships, clients try to rise above them by adopting various interpersonal coping styles
• moving toward
• moving against
aggressive and resistant
• moving away
physical avoidance, emotional withdrawal
• rigid interpersonal coping strategy
- a way clients try to cope with their developmental problems by adopting a fixed coping strategy. When used flexibly they are strengths, they become maladaptive for clients when they are used inflexibly in all situations.
• neurotic pride system
ability to turn a defensive coping style into a virtue or talent that testifies to their specialness
• narcissistic wound
- The wound to heart and psyche that gets called narcissism occurs when a child's vulnerable and developing core sense of self is not seen and reflected back by the adults around him/her.
• Case conceptualization
describes the process of taking interview data from a patient to create a model describing the patient's symptoms and determine a plan of action for treatment.
• Feeling constellations
Fear Anger Joy Sadness Disgust
Each of these feeling constellations expresses a message for the body. They can alert you intuitively to the bigger picture and help you respond to the people, events, and opportunities around you.
the redirection to a substitute, usually a therapist, of emotions that were originally felt in childhood
redirection of a psychotherapist's feelings toward a client—or, more generally, as a therapist's emotional entanglement with a client.
• Client response specificity
assess and try to discern how clients are responding to each of our interventions in an ongoing moment-by-moment way, and flexibly adapting to respond in the ways they find most useful. Ex.
the state of having mixed feelings or contradictory ideas about something or someone.
• distorted cognitions
exaggerated or irrational thought patterns that are believed to perpetuate the effects of psychopathological states, especially depression and anxiety.
• Working hypothesis
a conditional hypothesis readily exposed to revising upon additional experimentation
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