Forensic Psychology (Chapter 1)
Exam 1 Chapters: 1,2,3
Terms in this set (28)
Branch of applied psychology that are concerned w/ collection, examination, and presentation of evidence for judicial purposes
HUGO MUNSTERBERG: 1908
HUGO MUNSTERBERG: he is known as the father of Forensic Psychology
J. McKEEN CATTELL: 1893
J. McKEEN CATTELL: conducts the 1st psychological experiment on the psychology of testimony
WILLIAM MARSTAN: 1917
WILLIAM MARSTAN: Develops the 1st modern polygraph
NEW JERSEY : 1918
NEW JERSEY DEPT. OF CORRECTIONS: The 1st classification of inmates in New Jersey.
MARTIN REISER: 1968
MARTIN REISER: The 1st full-time police psychologist in the U.S. (hired by the LAPD)
How long ago did they die, finding the age, gender, ethnicity etc.
Determining the C.O.D (cause of death)
Study of insects (and arthropod relatives) as it relates to legal issues
Questioned Document Examination /Analysis
Person: Forensic Document Examiner
The science that analyzes handwriting, print fonts, the authenticity of signatures, alterations in documents, charred or water-damaged paper etc. and establish authorship and authenticity
Computer Evidence Recovery
aka. Forensic data recovery; this involves e-mail and Internet analysis
Information that stays on the hard drive, or memory stick after it is erased.
Case of the double agent (sociopath: Robert Hanson)
Medical doctors trained to provide direct treatment services to persons with emotional, cognitive, or behavioral problems relating to legal issues
This person is trained to evaluate and treat(counsel) persons with adjustment problems, such as those relating to education, job, and personal and marital relationships
This person is trained to evaluate and treat persons suffering more serious behavior and mental problems found in mental hospitals or psychiatric clinics
-similar to child clinical psychologists
-but they are more focused on the school environment and its influences on the child
-also work with parents, teachers, and school administrators
These are the ones that help develop strategies that build better organizations and improve the well-being of employees
The research and application of psychological principles and clinical skills to law enforcement and public safety
* develop profile on serial killers
* counseling for traumatic experiences for uniformed
A professional designation signifying that a person has been certified as having advanced knowledge, skills, and competence in a particular specialty
Police Psychology Tasks
* Pre-employment assessments
*Special unit evaluations (SWAT)
*Hostage team negotiations
To know if the person is competent enough after a traumatic event.
Whenever the news media highlight certain events and dramatize their significance, the events seem to be more widespread and frequent to people than hey really are
The study of persons who have experienced either actual or threatened physical, psychological, social, or financial harm as the result of the commission of crime against them.
(Umbrella term) Scientific study of a wide assortment of topics reflecting the close relationship between psychology and the courts.
Legal Psychology Tasks
*Competencies and criminal responsibility
*Jury selection and pretrial publicity
Family Forensic Psychology
A specialty with extensive knowledge about human development, family dynamics, and the court system.
*Assessment and treatment of juveniles
Major Goal: To help in inmate rehabilitation, treatment, and reintegration into the community
Correctional Psychology Tasks
* Inmate classification systems
*Program treat and eval
*Crisis intervention strategies
*Substance abuse treatment
*Sex offender treatment
*Interventions for correctional personnel