Like this study set? Create a free account to save it.

Sign up for an account

Already have a Quizlet account? .

Create an account


"the love of wisdom"

subject matter of philosophy

1. the most fundamental and universal issues of human life, in particular: being, knowledge, beauty, and morality [studied in the major branches of philosophy]
2. fundamental principles of other disciplines, such as math, music, law, etc. [studied in the minor branches of philosophy]

method used in philosophy

1. "love" -- an attitude of desire for and openness to the truth; willingness to engage in open-minded inquiry and to reject prejudices and preconceptions
2. rational analysis and argument -- philosophy avoids using emotion, faith, and other non-rational psychological capacities

major branches of philosophy

1. metaphysics
2. epistemology
3. aesthetics
4. ethics

minor branches of philosophy

provide fundamental principles to other disciplines; too many to list; most begin with "philosophy of . . ."; thus: philosophy of language, philosophy of math, philosophy of science, etc.


the branch of philosophy that studies being, existence, or reality


the branch of philosophy that studies knowledge


the branch of philosophy that studies morality


the branch of philosophy that studies beauty, art, and the experience of pleasure

branches of ethics

1. descriptive ethics
2. normative ethics
3. applied ethics
4. metaethics

descriptive ethics

the branch of ethics that describes people's ethical behavior, language, and experiences without making normative judgments about it; a part of the social sciences rather than philosophy; not really studied in PHI 220

normative ethics

the branch of ethics that attempts to give a rational account of morality by producing theories of right and wrong

applied ethics

the branch of ethics that applies normative theories to specific issues such as abortion, euthanasia, business, war, politics, etc.


the branch of ethics that studies normative ethics; explains the meaning and logical structure of moral beliefs and theories; explains what normative ethics is and what it means to practice it; discusses the status of moral knowledge, especially whether that knowledge is objective or subjective

normative claim

a statement that makes a value judgment

descriptive claim

a statement that describes a fact, but makes no value judgment about it

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions and try again


Reload the page to try again!


Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

Voice Recording