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28 terms

literary terms for middle school

STUDY
PLAY
plot
What happens in a story.
onomatopoeia
words that describe what they sound like.
conflict (external and internal)
An external conflict is against opposing forces or characters, and internal happens in the mind.
foreshadowing
The use of clues to suggest events that will happen later in the story.
simile
Comparing one unlike thing to another to describe it.
suspense
The anxiety that we feel about what will happen next in a story.
personification
Giving something human-like features.
irony
Contrast between what is expected and what actually happens.
rhyme
The accented vowel sounds of all sounds following them are separated.
theme
The idea about life revealed in a work of literature.
protagonist
The hero or usually main character of the story.
antagonist
The villain of the story.
end rhyme
The rhyme that occurs at the end of the rhyme.
rhyme scheme
Patterns of rhymes in a poem.
description
The kinds of writing that creates a clear image of something, usually by using details that appeal to one or more of our senses.
essay
A short piece of writing usually told by the author.
metaphor
Like a simile, though it doesn't use like or as.
setting
The time and place where the story happens.
figure of speech
A word or phrase that describes one thing in terms of something else that's different from it.
novella
A piece of writing that has more depth then a short story, but is smaller than a novel.
short story
A small piece of writing that has little depth.
point of view
When a character sees something from their perspective.
dialogue
Speech between characters.
mood
The character's attitude and emotions.
tone
The character's outlook on events.
flashback
The sudden moment when memories come back to a character.
allusion
A figure of speech that refers to a well-known object or thing.
hyperbole
A great exaggeration.