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36 terms

chp.11,16,13,19

Disorder eating, Vegetarian diets, Diabetes Now, Nutrition and Heart Disease
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Purging
The use of self induced vomiting, laxatives, or diuretics to prevent weight gain.
Anorexia nervosa
Eating disorder charcterized by extreme loss, poor body image, and irrational fears of weight gain obesity.
562 calories
A diet for a person with anorexia nervosa is approximately.
Binge Eating
The consumption of a large amount of in a small amount of time.
Dieters, Ballet dancers, competitive athletes, fitness instructors
Risk groupd for anorexia nervosa.
Bulimia nervosa
An eating disorder charcterized by recurrent episodes of rapid, uncontrolled eating of large amounts of food in a short amount of tim. Episodes usually followed by purging.
bulimia nervosa
common among gymnasts, weight lifter, wrestlers,
Restraint eating
The purposeful restriction of food intake below desired amounts in order to control body weight.
Pica
The regular consumption of nonfood substances such as clay or laundry starch.
geophagia
Clay or dirt eating
Pagophagia
Ice eating
Amylophagia
Laundry or corn starch eating
Plubism
Lead (primarly from old paint flakes) eating
Diabetes
A disease charcterized by abnormal utilization of carbohydrates by the body and elevated blood glucose level.
Type 1 diabetes
diseased charcterized by high blood glucose levels resulting from destruction of the insulin-producing cells of the pancreas.
Type 2 diabetes
diseased charcterized by high blood glucose levels due to the body's inability to use insulin normally, or to produce enough insulin.
Gestational diabetes
diabetes first discovered during pregnancy.
insulin resistance
A condition in which cell membranes have reduced sensitivity to insulin so that more insulin than normal is required to transport a given amount of glucose into cells.
Prediabetes
Condition in which blood glucose levels are higher than normal but not high enough to be Dx as diabetes.
Fatty liver disease
condition primarly associated with obesity, diabetes, and excessive alcohol intake.
glycemic index(GI)
measure of the extent to which blood glucose level is raised by a 50g portion of a carbohydrate-containing food compared to 50g of glucose or white bread
glycemic load
a measure of the extent to which blood glucose level is raised by a given amount of a carbohydrates-containing food. GL is calculated by multiplying a food food's GI by its carbohydrate content.
Hypoglycemia
A disorder resulting from abnormally low blood glucose levels.
"Far" vegitarian
poultry,fish,eggs,milk and milk products, plant food
Quasi-vegetarian
fish,eggs,milk and milk products,plant foods
lacto-ovo vegetarian
egg,milk and milk products and plant food
Lacto-vegitarian
Milk or Milk products and plant foods
Vegan/Raw food
plant foods
Fruitarian
only fruit
Heart disease
one of a number of disorders that results when circulation of blood to parts of the heart is inadequate
Plaque
Deposits of cholesterol, other fats, calcium, and cell materials in the lining of the inner wall of arteries.
Atherosclerosis
Hardening of the arteries due to build up of plaque
endothelium
the layer of cells lining the inside of the blood vessels
Statins
hailed as the wonder drugs for treating heart disease
HDL
good cholesterol
LDL
Bad cholesterol