Terms in this set (40)
branch of psychology that studies physical, cognitive and social change throughout the lifespan
An organism in the earliest stage of development
In humans, the term for the developing organism between the embryonic stage and birth.
Agents, such as chemicals and viruses, that can reach the embryo or fetus during prenatal development and cause harm
a medical condition in which body deformation or facial development or mental ability of a fetus is impaired because the mother drank alcohol while pregnant
A baby's tendency, when touched on the cheek, to turn toward the touch, open the mouth, and search for the nipple
decreasing responsiveness w/ repeated stimulation.
Biological growth processes that enable orderly changes in behavior, relatively uninfluenced by experience
A concept or framework that organizes and interprets information.
According to Piaget, the process by which new ideas and experiences are absorbed and incorporated into existing mental structures and behaviors
(physiology) the automatic adjustment in focal length of the lens of the eye
All the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing, remembering, and communicating.
In Piaget's theory, the stage (from birth to about 2 years of age) during which infants know the world mostly in terms of their sensory impressions and motor activities
The awareness that things continue to exist even when not perceived
In Piaget's theory, the stage (from about 2 to 6 or 7 years of age) during which a child learns to use language but does not yet comprehend the mental operations of concrete logic
The preoperational stage ranges from about ages 2 to 7 (Piaget, 1951, 1952). Children in this stage can mentally represent events and objects (the semiotic function), and engage in symbolic play.
theory of mind
People's ideas about their own and others' mental states -- about their feelings, perceptions, and thoughts and the behavior these might predict
A disorder that appears in childhood and is marked by deficient communication, social interaction, and understanding of others' states of mind.
concrete operational stage
The third stage of Development for Piaget
formal operational stage
in Piaget's theory, the stage of cognitive development (normally beginning about age 12) during which people begin to think logically about abstract concepts
The fear of strangers that infants commonly display, beginning by about 8 months of age
A document attached to an e-mail message and sent in its original file format.
An optimal period shortly after birth when an organism's exposure to certain stimuli or experiences produces proper development
A usually irreversible type of learning limited to a specific time period in an animal's life.
According to Erik Erikson, a sense that the world is predictable and trustworthy; said to be formed during infancy by appropriate experiences with responsive caregivers
All our thoughts and feelings about ourselves, in answer to the question, "Who am I?"
transition period between childhood and adulthood 12-18
primary sex characteristics
a physical feature such as the reproductive organs and genitals that distinguish the sexes
secondary sex characteristics
nonreproductive sexual characteristics such as female breasts and hips, male voice quality and body hair
First menstrual period
An equation that is true for all values of the variable.
In Erikson's theory, the ability to form close, loving relationships; a primary developmental task in late adolescence and early adulthood
Cessation of menstruation
an irreversible, progressive brain disorder, characterized by the deterioration of memory, language, and eventually, physical functioning
A study in which people of different ages are compared with one another
Research in which the same people are restudied and retested over a long period
One's accumulated knowledge and verbal skills; tends to increase with age
One's ability to reason speedily and abstractly; tends to decrease during late adulthood
the culturally preferred timing of social events such as marriage, parenthood, and retirement