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low energy molecule that can be changed back into ATP


molecule that transfers energy from the breakdown of molecules in food to cell processes


organisms use chemical energy to make carbon based molecules


captures energy from sunlight to make sugars that store energy


molecule in chloroplasts that absorbs energy in visible light.


coin shaped membrane compartments

light dependant

captures energy from sunlight

light independant

make sugars in the strom

cell respiration

releases chemical energy from sugars and carbon to make ATP


needs oxygen


splits glucose into 3 carbon molecules and makes 2 ATP molecules


doesnt need oxygen

krebs cycle

produces molecules that carry energy to 2nd part of cell respiration

calvin cycle

uses carbon dioxide gas and ATP energy and NADPH to make simple sugars

electron transport chain

seires of proteins in the membrane of the thylakoid

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