The Protestant Reformation

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Terms in this set (23)
Protestant ReformationA religious movement of the 16th century that began as an attempt to reform the Roman Catholic Church and resulted in the creation of Protestant churches.John Calvin1509-1564. French theologian. Developed the Christian theology known as Calvinism.John KnoxThis was the man who dominated the reform movement in Scotland. He established the Presbyterian Church of Scotland so that ministers ran the church, not bishopsAnabaptistsA Protestant sect that believed only adults could make a free choice regarding religion; they also advocated pacifism, separation of church and state, and democratic church organization.Henry VIII(1491-1547) King of England from 1509 to 1547; his desire to annul his marriage led to a conflict with the pope, England's break with the Roman Catholic Church, and its embrace of Protestantism. Henry established the Church of England in 1532.1534 Act of Supremacymade the English monarch the head of the church and stateKing Edward VI (1537 - 1553)Son of King Henry VIII. Came to power at age 9 and died at age 15. Made the Church of England a real Protestant church.Lady Jane GreyBefore Edward VI died, he made this woman the next in line to take the throne in England, depriving Mary I of her rightful rule. Days after her crowing, she was removed and beheaded. Mary I became queen.Queen Mary I of EnglandDaughter of King Henry VIII. Her executions of Protestants led to her nickname "Bloody Mary". Mary is remembered for her restoration of Roman CatholicismQueen Elizabeth I of EnglandDaughter of King Henry VIII; re-established England as a Protestant kingdomRoman InquisitionA religious committee of six Roman cardinals that tried heretics and punished the guilty by imprisonment and executionCouncil of TrentCalled by Pope Paul III to reform the church and secure reconciliation with the Protestants. Lutherans and Calvinists did not attend.Catholic Reformation (Counter Reformation)The religious reform movement within the Roman Catholic Church that occurred in response to the Protestant reformation. It reaffirmed Catholic beliefs and promoted education

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