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15 terms

Chapter 23

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Julius Nyerere
President of Tanzania who advocated an African form of socialism
Apartheid
a social policy or racial segregation involving political and economic and legal discrimination against non-whites
Haile Selassie
emperor of Ethiopia
Patrice Lumumba
the first prime minister of the Congo and also helped the Congo gain independence from Belgium; he was liked by the Congolese but not by the U.S. and the government and he was quickly imprisoned and murdered
OAU
Organization of African Unity, promoted cooperation among members, supported independence and sough peaceful settlements of disputes
FLN
National Liberation Front -- underground movement by Algerian Muslims to gain independence from France.
Nelson Mandela
South African statesman who was released from prison to become the nation's first democratically elected president in 1994 (born in 1918)
Nkrumah
founder of Ghana's independence, Ghana's First President
Muammar al-Gadhafi
dictator of libya
General Joseph Mobutu
The leader who changed the name of his country to Zaire; when he was overthrown it became the Democratic Republic of Congo.
Jomo Kenyatta
A nationalist leader who fought to end oppressive laws against Africans; later became the first Prime Minister of Kenya
Mau Mau
a violent movement against European settlers that eventually led to Kenya's decolonization from Britain
Ian Smith
Rhodesian statesman who declared independence of Zimbabwe from Great Britain (born in 1919)
Afrikaners
South Africans descended from Dutch and French settlers of the seventeenth century. Their Great Trek founded new settler colonies in the nineteenth century. Though a minority among South Africans, they held political power after 1910. (735)
African National Congress
An organization dedicated to obtaining equal voting and civil rights for black inhabitants of South Africa. Founded in 1912 as the South African Native National Congress, it changed its name in 1923. Eventually brought equality (809)