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History test 2
Terms in this set (25)
People who supported a stronger central government.
Pro French, pro universal education, against a national bank, pro states rights, didn't care about debt, pro demo republics. 3rd president, and was a condtradiction
First president. Commander of colonial troops. Military hero, inspirational leader. Defeated the British army.
Co-author of the Federalist. Presented the bill of rights to congress. Also imposed a tariff on imports to generate revenue. participated in constitutional convention during which he proposed the virginia plan. believed in strong federal government andalso presented to congress the bill of rights and drafted virginia resolution
Drafted a declaration of colonial rights and grievances, wrote the series of "Letters from a Farmer in Pennsylvania" in 1767 to protest the Townshend Acts. Although an outspoken critic of British policies towards the colonies, opposed the Revolution, and, as a delegate to the Continental Congress in 1776, refused to sign the Declaration of Independence
Proposed by James Madison. Embodied a revolutionary idea: that the delegates revise the articles of confederation, and instead submit an entirely new document to the states. proposed separate legislative, executive, and judicial branches; the new congress would be divided into two houses
New Jersey Plan
Critics who challenged Madison's Virginia plan proposed this. Sought to keep the existing structure of equal representation of the states in a unicameral Congres but give Congress the power to levy taxes and regulate commerce and the authority to name an executive with no veto and a supreme court
-The Connecticut Compromise (Great Compromise)
-Equal representation in the Senate
-Representation by population in the House. Proposed by Roger Sherman
A collection of essays originally published originally published in New York newspapers.. Instigated by Alexander Hamilton. 85 essays published under the name Publius. Defended the principle of a supreme national aithority while reassuring doubters that the people and states had little reason to fear tyranny in new govt
Citizen Genet Affair
France's new ambassador to the US. Recruited privateers to capture British ships and conspired with frontiersmen and land speculators to organize an attack on Spanish Florida and Louisiana. Quickly became an embarrassment even to his Republican friends. French rebels sent agents to arrest him but sought sought asylum in the US instead, because he did not want to risk the guillotine.
Those at the constitutional convention who favored a strong national government and a system of separated powers. Argued for the ratification of the constitution.
Republicans (Jeffersonian/Democratic Republicans)
Group led by Madison and Jefferson. Began because of Hamilton's controversial financial ideas. Promoted a strict interpretation of the Constitution. Also questioned the legitimacy of a national bank.
Signed in the hopes of settling the growing conflicts between the US and Britain. John Jay conceded that the British need not compensate US citizens for the enslaved African Americans who had escaped during the Revolutionary War and that the pre-Revolutionary American debts to British merchants would be paid by the US govt. In return, the British would evacuate their six Northwestern forts; reimburse Americans for the seizures of ships in cargo; and grant American merchants the right to trade with the West Indies
Won acceptance of a boundary at the 31st parallel, open access for Americans to ship goods on the Mississippi River, the right to transport goods to Spanish-controlled New Orleans, and a promise by each side (US and Spain) to refrain from inciting Indian attacks on the other side. Was signed as a way to reduce tensions between Spain and the US
Importance of Jay and Pinckney Treaties
Triggered a renewed surge of settlers headed into the Western territories.
France was angered with Jay's treaty (because we were negotiating with Britain, their enemy). France seized 300 american ships, Adams sent delegation to France, France demands $250,000 bribe to negotiate, later leads to the Quasi-war 1798-1800 undeclared war
Federalists hatched a plan to link NY to England. Wanted him to get elected as governor of New York. Prominent New Yorker who had been on the outs with the Jeffersonian Republicans. Killed Alexander Hamilton in a duel. Ended Burr's political career, and he lost the gubernatorial election.
Marbury v. Madison
Case involving the appointment of William Marbury, a Federalist, as justice of the peace in DC by John Adams. Letter of appointment was still undelivered with Madison took office. Jefferson directed Madison to withhold the commission (letter of appointment), so Marbury sued. This established the Supreme Court as the final judge of constitutional interpretation.
Part of the attack on Canada. Promised that the Kentucky militia stood ready to march on Canada to acquire its lucrative fur trade and to suppress the British effort to incite Indian attacks along the American frontier.
John C. Calhoun
Served in both the House and the Senate before becoming secretary of war under President Monroe, and then John Quincy Adams' VP. Introduced the bill for the second national bank to congress and led the minority of southerners who voted for the Tariff of 1816.
Meeting of New England Federalists to protest the War of 1812; proposed seven constitutional amendments (designed to limit Republican and southern influence), but the war ended before Congress could respond. Represented the climax of New England's dissatisfaction with "Mr. Madison's war."
Served as secretary of state and war under President Madison and was elected president. As president he signed the Transcontinental Treaty with Spain which gave the United States Florida and expanded the Louisiana territory's western border to the Pacific Coast
What events led to the creation of the two party system?
Hamilton's financial plan, the bill of rights, and Whiskey rebellion, Neutrality proclamation
Why did we want to buy New Orleans
Favorable to Western citizens, promote peace, and also wanted a haven for free African Americans to ease racial tensions (fearing civil war)
What were the main causes of the War of 1812
-Orders in council—1807—British act blockading France and allowing Royal navy to stop ships trading with France
-Non intercourse act (1809) -opened trade with all countries except Great Britain and France
-Macon's bill #2 (1810)—opened up trade with both powers and the first of the two that agreed to respect America's neutral rights (ceased interfering with American shipping), the US would stop trade with the other Nation
-France agreed to leave U.S. shipping alone in 1811, US cut off trade with Great Britain
-Britain was still impressing sailors, but he did agree to drop any kinds of restrictions
-Federalists did not like the war of 1812
-When the peace treaty was signed these people were thought of as traitors
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