One of the criticisms of MyPyramid is that physical activity recommendations are not included.
Food labeling regulations allow manufacturers to omit the footnote of the Nutrition Facts Panel on smaller products.
Nutrition Facts Panel
The information provided on a food label that identifies intake of nutrients based on 2,000 calories a day is called the: Nutrition Fact Panel, Percent Daily Value, Daily Reference Value, Reference Daily Intake
Nutrient information required for food labels is based on an energy intake level of 2,000 calories a day.
The Recommended Dietary Allowances (RDAs) meet the nutrient needs of 97 to 98% of healthy people
wheat and lentils
Which of the following are examples of carbohydrate-rich foods? butter and corn oil, beef and pork, wheat and lentils, bacon and eggs
Which of the following is an example of a disease that is directly caused by a nutritional deficiency? cancer, pellegra, heart disease, osteoporosis
One of the limitations of MyPyramid is that the portion recommendations may not be equal to the common sizes of foods Americans buy, prepare, and serve.
Over the past twenty years, obesity rates in the United States have not changed significantly.
Steps to a Healthier You
________ is the slogan used by MyPyramid to encourage gradual improvements in diet and lifestyle. Five a Day to a Better Health, Steps to a Healthier You, You Are What You Eat, Take one day at a time
Because water doesn't provide any calories to the body, scientists do not consider it a nutrient.
Julie doesn't care for meat and poultry and restricts her intake of animal foods to only milk and yogurt sources. Which dietary guideline is Julie failing to practice? adequate, balance, value, moderation
Including fiber in your diet is beneficial to your GI tract, but consuming excess amounts of fiber can result in the loss of nutrients. This statement is an example of which of the following factors to consider in planning diets? adequecy, variety, calorie control, moderation
micronutrients found in a variety of foods
Which of the following BEST describes minerals? micronutrients that are broken down easily during digestion, micronutrients found in a variety of foods, micronutrients that are easily destroyed by heat and light, nutrients that are needed in large amounts by the body
all of these
According to MyPyramid, which of the following foods would count towards an individual's discretionary calorie allowance? butter, desserts, alcohol, all of these
The standard used to estimate the daily nutrient needs of half of all healthy individuals is: EAR, IA, RDA, UL
Jack is a college athlete who requires 2,800 kcal/day to support his total energy needs. Even though Jack likes many different foods and makes it a point to try new things, he consumes only approximately 1,600 kcal/day. Which one of the characteristics of a healthy diet is Jack missing? adequacy, balance, moderation, variety
The presence of any bacteria in the large intestine indicates a potentially serious systemic allergic reaction that can be fatal if left untreated.
Typically, ingested food remains in the stomach for 2 hours prior to traveling to the small intestine
Since they do not require further digestion, dietary vitamins and minerals are small enough to be absorbed by the gastrointestinal tract.
a bowel disorder that interferes with the colon; no definite cause is known
What best describes irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)?
Diarrhea and dehydration are the most serious potential reactions when consuming an allergenic food product.
Understanding and retraining the stimuli of appetite is an important aspect of healthy weight loss.
Salivary enzymes cannot function in the acid environment of the stomach
Which best explains why carbohydrate digestion ceases when food reaches the stomach?
Which of the following are substances in plant foods that are NOT absorbed by the body?
Sean is planning to bake a batch of chocolate chip cookies for his girlfriend. Which of the following artificial sweeteners would be the best substitute for the sugar in the recipe?
Because individuals do not produce any insulin, treatment always involves insulin therapy
Which of the following is TRUE regarding type 1 diabetes?
the extent to which a given food raises blood glucose and insulin levels
Which of the following BEST describes the glycemic index?
Found in liver and skeletal muscle cells, ________ is the storage form of glucose in animals.
People with PKU cannot metabolize the amino acid phenylalanine
Individuals with the disease PKU (phenylketonuria) should not consume the artificial sweetener aspartame. Why?
all of these
Glucose is the preferred source of energy for which of the following? brain cells, nerve cells, red blood cells, all of these
All of the following organs assist in the digestion of lipids EXCEPT: liver, pancreas, large intestine, gallbladder
Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) are metabolic derivatives of:
Yesterday Shannon consumed 1,840 kcal. Her meals included a total of 60 grams of fat. What percentage of calories of her day's intake came from fat?
omega 3 fatty acids
Diets high in ________ have been shown to increase blood levels of high-density lipoproteins (HDL).
These vitamins are insoluble in water and require fats for their transport.
How does fat consumption relate to vitamin A, D, E, and K intake?
The process of combining two incomplete proteins to make a complete protein is called:
Which of the following proteins help maintain proper acid-base balance by attaching to or releasing hydrogen ions?
elevated blood cholesterol
Which of the following health problems has been associated with high protein intakes?
increased consumption of fruits and vegetables.
Research studies have consistently demonstrated an association between a reduced risk of cancer and:
Diets rich in folate and vitamin B12 are associated with elevated blood levels of the amino acid homocysteine.
There are no known side effects associated with consuming large amounts of vitamin K from supplements or food.
a glass of orange juice
The doctor has recently told Julie that her iron stores are low. Julie should consume ________ with her iron supplement to increase its absorption.
It is often toxic when consumed in excess.
Which of the following statements is FALSE regarding thiamin?
all of these
Which of the following organs is responsible for the synthesis of vitamin D? skin, liver, kidneys, all of these
folate is needed for proper cell division
Why is folate critical to the health of a newly conceived embryo?
Which of the following conditions have vitamin B6 supplements been used to treat?
all of these
Which of the following diseases has been linked to free radical damage? heart disease, diabetes, cancer, all of these
improving the absorption of vitamin C if dietary intake is low
Which of the following is NOT a function of vitamin E?
immediately following a high fat meal, specialized lipoproteins called ___ are created to transport dietary fat through blood
immediately following a high-fat meal, specialized lipoproteins called ___ are created to transport dietary fat through the blood
people attempting to loose weight will be most successful if they limit their consumption of fat to less than 15% of kcal