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19 terms

Landforms and Erosion, Deposition, and Weathering

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Erosion
The process by which wind, water, ice, or gravity transports soil and sediment from one location to another
Deposition
Process in which sediment is laid down in new locations.
Weathering
The breaking down of rocks and other materials on the Earth's surface.
Landform
A physical feature on Earth's surface
Canyon
a v-shaped valley with steep sides, often eroded by a river
Delta
low watery land formed at the mouth of a river
Hill
natural uplifting of the land whose elevation is less then a mountain
Volcano
an opening in the Earth's crust through which molten lava , ash, and gases are ejected
Tributary
a stream that flows into a larger stream or another body of water
Beach
gently sloped shoreline next to a body of water
Plain
nearly level area that has been eroded or where sediment has been deposited
Lake
an inland of standing water, larger and deeper than a pond
Floodplain
land that gets covered by a body of water from an overflowing stream or river
Cave
a natural cavity (space) beneath the surface of the Earth, formed by weathering and erosion
Dune
mound, hill, or ridge of wind-blown sand; can be found on a beach or desert area
Mountain
any part of the land raised higher than 1000 ft. about the surrounding
Valley
low area of the land between hills or mountains, often with a stream or river running along the bottom
Prairie
a large region of grassland, generally treeless with fertile soil and tall grasses
Plateau
flat land that is raised up (uplifted) higher than the land around surrounding it

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