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Terms in this set (42)

-first looked at own community to compare to other communities so he can explain differences
-because when civilized people look at savages we also know we were savages before. realize yourself by looking at other
-Tries to explain difference
-developmentalism
-comparative
-he assumes groups are similar-he compares and makes hierarchy
-he said we are all part of the human family no differences
precursor to human rights
-only develop more wouldn't regress
-beginning and an end, very linear narrative, time chronology
-product of your experience every human has the ability to develop
-refutes white supremacy
-learn about yourself by looking at others
-basing equally on science
-stuck in different places of development
-improvement or stagnation are the only options
-The family: inner dynamic role in society
-argument: a different culture is reserved in poverty places-stagnant-learn about the cultures that are disappearing
-believes if not at the level of civilization one wants/needs to be more civilized
-curiosity: learn characteristics about how they connect
-human mind as endlessly accumulating knowledge
-anticreationalist
-civilization developed through experimental knowledge
-humans have exsisted in a state of "savagery" quality of being fierce/cruel, barbarism (absence of culture), civilization (stage of human social development
-all interlaced/sequence of progress
-rudeness of early conditions
-gradual evolution-mentally, morally gained thru experience
-long time struggle with opposing obstacles to achieve civilization
-"the former stand to each other in progressive, and the latter in unfolding relations" first stand alone and then they find connectedness and relations to one another
-savagery: Older, middle, later
-barbarism, lower, middle, upper
Upper shows correlation each period is distinct and represents a period of life in which civilization i growing and changing and examines what was added in each of these periods
-presentist
1884-1942
interested in present
emphasizes fieldwork
comparativist
developmentalist
records trivial details like Hurston bc they feel these details contribute to larger phenomenons
seeks to understand how society holds together- people want to be part of a community
"ethnographic present" he talks in a frozen place in time
functionalism:
function or purpose of consciousness-interpretive mode
seeks to understand how society molds together
-how does a society continue to grow
-humans have needs beyond biological needs:belonging, communication, compassion
against arm chair practice:
"arm-chair" anthropology could really refer to anyone making anthropological assessments without doing the legwork, fieldwork without being there or hands on.
believes fieldwork is necessary and need to be in a situation to analyze it
-interested in the present and being there
-something published is already out of date
-one of the first upbringers of field-study
-he is a FUNCTIONALIST
-believes the world is way more complicated than we thought it out to be
-what they are trading has no use to them -necklaces
-complex system based on attribution of value to objects
-he says they know a lot more then they are telling you
-malinowski learned the language and realized they were telling the truth
-the kula ring:
form of exchange carried on by communities inhabiting a wide rang of islands regulated by a set of traditional rules and conventions

he addressed as the system in which they traded

patterns repeating itself he believed must be explained

trying to figure out the rules of the game

primitives are communist and capitalism develops out of communism

once a kula always a kula

only men

must return gift and participate with others

a series of relationships

currency only valued for certain purposes