23 terms

AP European History, chapter 16 absolutism

complete independence and self-government (of a country); supremacy of authority; power to govern
A state in which sovereignty is embodied in the person of rule. Absolutists kings clame to rule under divine right
Divine Right
The idea that one is responsible to God alone. Monarchs claim to rule under this right(differ from medieval idea that they ruled by Grace of God)
a government of non-elective government officials
Administrative Monarchy
the term historians who doubt the legitimacy of the absolutist period used to refer to the governments of the late 16th and early 17th centuries
A 20th century phenomenon that seeks to direct al facets of a state's culture in the interests of the state
an annual fee paid by royal officials to guarantee heredity in their offices
districts of France
Royal commissioners recruited from the judicial nobility that were responsible for regulating power of the nobility and enforcing order within the centralized french state
Noblesse de Robe
Newer judicial nobility
Law of concord
same as the Edict of Nantes, it created a temporary religious tolerance amongst the protestants and catholics. It's goal was religious concord NOT permanent coexistence, it set aside certain towns for protestants
culture of retribuition
The tendency of the common people to attack royal officials who came to impose or collect taxes
Rasion d'etat
The reason of the state the Richelieu used to justify the immoral activity he did in order to centralize power and control habsburgs
refers to the civil wars of the mid 17th century caused by the unrest of the lower classes
Peace of Utrecht
treaty that ended the war against france by England, Holland, Austria, and Prussia. Philip was allowed remain King of spain but french and spanish crowns could never unite.
national taxes
idealistic but impractical
Thomas Wolsley
crown servant from Englad who abuse political power for his own profit and gain
Louis XIV
King of France who believed that he emodied teh french nation
Henry IV
French King who inherited an internally damaged France. promised "a chicken in every pot" he was known as the 2nd monarch to genuinely care about his people and his statue wasn't knocked over during the revolution
Maximillian de Bethune
the duke of sully who was appointed by King Henry to be chief minister
Marie de Medici
lead the government for child King XIII
President of the council of ministers and helped establish absolutism in France. He separated france into districts and quelled the nobility. He was responsible for the unification of the french language