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Mountkirk Games wants to set up a real-time analytics platform for their new game. The new platform must meet their technical requirements. Which combination of Google technologies will meet all of their requirements?
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Terms in this set (146)
Your company has decided to make a major revision of their API in order to create better experiences for their developers. They need to keep the old version of the API available and deployable, while allowing new customers and testers to try out the new API. They want to keep the same SSL and DNS records in place to serve both APIs.What should they do?
To reduce costs, the Director of Engineering has required all developers to move their development infrastructure resources from on-premises virtual machines(VMs) to Google Cloud Platform. These resources go through multiple start/stop events during the day and require state to persist. You have been asked to design the process of running a development environment in Google Cloud while providing cost visibility to the finance department.Which two steps should you take? (Choose two.)
Your company wants to track whether someone is present in a meeting room reserved for a scheduled meeting. There are 1000 meeting rooms across 5 offices on 3 continents. Each room is equipped with a motion sensor that reports its status every second. The data from the motion detector includes only a sensor ID and several different discrete items of information. Analysts will use this data, together with information about account owners and office locations.Which database type should you use?NoSQLYou set up an autoscaling instance group to serve web traffic for an upcoming launch. After configuring the instance group as a backend service to an HTTP(S) load balancer, you notice that virtual machine (VM) instances are being terminated and re-launched every minute. The instances do not have a public IP address.You have verified the appropriate web response is coming from each instance using the curl command. You want to ensure the backend is configured correctly.What should you do?Ensure that a firewall rule exists to allow load balancer health checks to reach the instances in the instance group.You write a Python script to connect to Google BigQuery from a Google Compute Engine virtual machine. The script is printing errors that it cannot connect toBigQuery.What should you do to fix the script?Create a new service account with BigQuery access and execute your script with that userYour customer is moving an existing corporate application to Google Cloud Platform from an on-premises data center. The business owners require minimal user disruption. There are strict security team requirements for storing passwords.What authentication strategy should they use?Federate authentication via SAML 2.0 to the existing Identity ProviderYour company has successfully migrated to the cloud and wants to analyze their data stream to optimize operations. They do not have any existing code for this analysis, so they are exploring all their options. These options include a mix of batch and stream processing, as they are running some hourly jobs and live- processing some data as it comes in.Which technology should they use for this?Google Cloud DataflowYour customer is receiving reports that their recently updated Google App Engine application is taking approximately 30 seconds to load for some of their users.This behavior was not reported before the update.What strategy should you take?Roll back to an earlier known good release initially, then use Stackdriver Trace and Logging to diagnose the problem in a development/test/staging environmentA production database virtual machine on Google Compute Engine has an ext4-formatted persistent disk for data files. The database is about to run out of storage space.How can you remediate the problem with the least amount of downtime?In the Cloud Platform Console, increase the size of the persistent disk and use the resize2fs command in Linux.Your application needs to process credit card transactions. You want the smallest scope of Payment Card Industry (PCI) compliance without compromising the ability to analyze transactional data and trends relating to which payment methods are used.How should you design your architecture?Create a tokenizer service and store only tokenized dataYou have been asked to select the storage system for the click-data of your company's large portfolio of websites. This data is streamed in from a custom website analytics package at a typical rate of 6,000 clicks per minute. With bursts of up to 8,500 clicks per second. It must have been stored for future analysis by your data science and user experience teams.Which storage infrastructure should you choose?Google Cloud BigtableYou are creating a solution to remove backup files older than 90 days from your backup Cloud Storage bucket. You want to optimize ongoing Cloud Storage spend.What should you do?Write a lifecycle management rule in JSON and push it to the bucket with gsutilYour company is forecasting a sharp increase in the number and size of Apache Spark and Hadoop jobs being run on your local datacenter. You want to utilize the cloud to help you scale this upcoming demand with the least amount of operations work and code change.Which product should you use?Google Cloud DataprocThe database administration team has asked you to help them improve the performance of their new database server running on Google Compute Engine. The database is for importing and normalizing their performance statistics and is built with MySQL running on Debian Linux. They have an n1-standard-8 virtual machine with 80 GB of SSD persistent disk.What should they change to get better performance from this system?Dynamically resize the SSD persistent disk to 500 GBYou want to optimize the performance of an accurate, real-time, weather-charting application. The data comes from 50,000 sensors sending 10 readings a second, in the format of a timestamp and sensor reading.Where should you store the data?Google Cloud BigtableYour company's user-feedback portal comprises a standard LAMP stack replicated across two zones. It is deployed in the us-central1 region and uses autoscaled managed instance groups on all layers, except the database. Currently, only a small group of select customers have access to the portal. The portal meets a99,99% availability SLA under these conditions. However next quarter, your company will be making the portal available to all users, including unauthenticated users. You need to develop a resiliency testing strategy to ensure the system maintains the SLA once they introduce additional user load.What should you do?Create synthetic random user input, replay synthetic load until autoscale logic is triggered on at least one layer, and introduce ג€chaosג€ to the system by terminating random resources on both zonesOne of the developers on your team deployed their application in Google Container Engine with the Dockerfile below. They report that their application deployments are taking too long. You want to optimize this Dockerfile for faster deployment times without adversely affecting the app's functionality.Which two actions should you take? (Choose two.)Use a slimmed-down base image like Alpine Linux Copy the source after he package dependencies (Python and pip) are installedYour solution is producing performance bugs in production that you did not see in staging and test environments. You want to adjust your test and deployment procedures to avoid this problem in the future.What should you do?Increase the load on your test and staging environmentsA small number of API requests to your microservices-based application take a very long time. You know that each request to the API can traverse many services.You want to know which service takes the longest in those cases.What should you do?Instrument your application with Stackdriver Trace in order to break down the request latencies at each microserviceDuring a high traffic portion of the day, one of your relational databases crashes, but the replica is never promoted to a master. You want to avoid this in the future.What should you do?Implement routinely scheduled failovers of your databasesYour organization requires that metrics from all applications be retained for 5 years for future analysis in possible legal proceedings.Which approach should you use?Configure Stackdriver Monitoring for all Projects, and export to Google Cloud StorageYour company has decided to build a backup replica of their on-premises user authentication PostgreSQL database on Google Cloud Platform. The database is 4TB, and large updates are frequent. Replication requires private address space communication.Which networking approach should you use?Google Cloud Dedicated InterconnectAuditors visit your teams every 12 months and ask to review all the Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (Cloud IAM) policy changes in the previous 12 months. You want to streamline and expedite the analysis and audit process.What should you do?Enable Logging export to Google BigQuery and use ACLs and views to scope the data shared with the auditorYou are designing a large distributed application with 30 microservices. Each of your distributed microservices needs to connect to a database back-end. You want to store the credentials securely.Where should you store the credentials?In a secret management systemA lead engineer wrote a custom tool that deploys virtual machines in the legacy data center. He wants to migrate the custom tool to the new cloud environment.You want to advocate for the adoption of Google Cloud Deployment Manager.What are two business risks of migrating to Cloud Deployment Manager? (Choose two.)Cloud Deployment Manager is unfamiliar to the company's engineers Cloud Deployment Manager only supports automation of Google Cloud resourcesA development manager is building a new application. He asks you to review his requirements and identify what cloud technologies he can use to meet them. The application must:1. Be based on open-source technology for cloud portability2. Dynamically scale compute capacity based on demand3. Support continuous software delivery4. Run multiple segregated copies of the same application stack5. Deploy application bundles using dynamic templates6. Route network traffic to specific services based on URLWhich combination of technologies will meet all of his requirements?Google Kubernetes Engine, Jenkins, and HelmYou have created several pre-emptible Linux virtual machine instances using Google Compute Engine. You want to properly shut down your application before the virtual machines are preempted.What should you do?Create a shutdown script and use it as the value for a new metadata entry with the key shutdown-script in the Cloud Platform Console when you create the new virtual machine instanceYour organization has a 3-tier web application deployed in the same network on Google Cloud Platform. Each tier (web, API, and database) scales independently of the others. Network traffic should flow through the web to the API tier and then on to the database tier. Traffic should not flow between the web and the database tier.How should you configure the network?Add tags to each tier and set up firewall rules to allow the desired traffic flowYour development team has installed a new Linux kernel module on the batch servers in Google Compute Engine (GCE) virtual machines (VMs) to speed up the nightly batch process. Two days after the installation, 50% of the batch servers failed the nightly batch run. You want to collect details on the failure to pass back to the development team.Which three actions should you take? (Choose three.)Use Stackdriver Logging to search for the module log entries Use gcloud or Cloud Console to connect to the serial console and observe the logs Adjust the Google Stackdriver timeline to match the failure time, and observe the batch server metricsYour company wants to try out the cloud with low risk. They want to archive approximately 100 TB of their log data to the cloud and test the analytics features available to them there, while also retaining that data as a long-term disaster recovery backup.Which two steps should you take? (Choose two.)Load logs into Google BigQuery Upload log files into Google Cloud StorageYou created a pipeline that can deploy your source code changes to your infrastructure in instance groups for self-healing. One of the changes negatively affects your key performance indicator. You are not sure how to fix it, and investigation could take up to a week.What should you do?Revert the source code change, and rerun the deployment pipelineYour organization wants to control IAM policies for different departments independently, but centrally.Which approach should you take?A single Organization with Folders for each departmentYou deploy your custom Java application to Google App Engine. It fails to deploy and gives you the following stack trace.What should you do?Digitally sign all of your JAR files and redeploy your applicationYou are designing a mobile chat application. You want to ensure people cannot spoof chat messages, by providing a message were sent by a specific user.What should you do?Use public key infrastructure (PKI) to encrypt the message client side using the originating user's private key.As part of implementing their disaster recovery plan, your company is trying to replicate their production MySQL database from their private data center to theirGCP project using a Google Cloud VPN connection. They are experiencing latency issues and a small amount of packet loss that is disrupting the replication.What should they do?Configure a Google Cloud Dedicated Interconnect.Your customer support tool logs all email and chat conversations to Cloud Bigtable for retention and analysis. What is the recommended approach for sanitizing this data of personally identifiable information or payment card information before initial storage?De-identify the data with the Cloud Data Loss Prevention APIYou are using Cloud Shell and need to install a custom utility for use in a few weeks. Where can you store the file so it is in the default execution path and persists across sessions?~/binYou want to create a private connection between your instances on Compute Engine and your on-premises data center. You require a connection of at least 20Gbps. You want to follow Google-recommended practices. How should you set up the connection?Create a VPC and connect it to your on-premises data center using Dedicated InterconnectYou are analyzing and defining business processes to support your startup's trial usage of GCP, and you don't yet know what consumer demand for your product will be. Your manager requires you to minimize GCP service costs and adhere to Google best practices. What should you do?Utilize free tier and sustained use discounts. Provide training to the team about service cost management.You are building a continuous deployment pipeline for a project stored in a Git source repository and want to ensure that code changes can be verified before deploying to production. What should you do?Use Jenkins to monitor tags in the repository. Deploy staging tags to a staging environment for testing. After testing, tag the repository for production and deploy that to the production environment.You have an outage in your Compute Engine managed instance group: all instances keep restarting after 5 seconds. You have a health check configured, but autoscaling is disabled. Your colleague, who is a Linux expert, offered to look into the issue. You need to make sure that he can access the VMs. What should you do?Disable the health check for the instance group. Add his SSH key to the project-wide SSH KeysYour company is migrating its on-premises data center into the cloud. As part of the migration, you want to integrate Google Kubernetes Engine (GKE) for workload orchestration. Parts of your architecture must also be PCI DSS-compliant. Which of the following is most accurate?GKE and GCP provide the tools you need to build a PCI DSS-compliant environmentYour company has multiple on-premises systems that serve as sources for reporting. The data has not been maintained well and has become degraded over time.You want to use Google-recommended practices to detect anomalies in your company data. What should you do?Upload your files into Cloud Storage. Use Cloud Dataprep to explore and clean your dataGoogle Cloud Platform resources are managed hierarchically using organization, folders, and projects. When Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM) policies exist at these different levels, what is the effective policy at a particular node of the hierarchy?The effective policy is the union of the policy set at the node and policies inherited from its ancestorsYou are migrating your on-premises solution to Google Cloud in several phases. You will use Cloud VPN to maintain a connection between your on-premises systems and Google Cloud until the migration is completed. You want to make sure all your on-premise systems remain reachable during this period. How should you organize your networking in Google Cloud?Use an IP range on Google Cloud that does not overlap with the range you use on-premisesYou have found an error in your App Engine application caused by missing Cloud Datastore indexes. You have created a YAML file with the required indexes and want to deploy these new indexes to Cloud Datastore. What should you do?Point gcloud datastore create-indexes to your configuration fileYou have an application that will run on Compute Engine. You need to design an architecture that takes into account a disaster recovery plan that requires your application to fail over to another region in case of a regional outage. What should you do?Deploy the application on two Compute Engine instance groups, each in the same project but in a different region. Use the first instance group to serve traffic, and use the HTTP load balancing service to fail over to the standby instance group in case of a disaster.You are deploying an application on App Engine that needs to integrate with an on-premises database. For security purposes, your on-premises database must not be accessible through the public internet. What should you do?Deploy your application on App Engine flexible environment and use Cloud VPN to limit access to the on-premises database.You are working in a highly secured environment where public Internet access from the Compute Engine VMs is not allowed. You do not yet have a VPN connection to access an on-premises file server. You need to install specific software on a Compute Engine instance. How should you install the software?Upload the required installation files to Cloud Storage. Configure the VM on a subnet with a Private Google Access subnet. Assign only an internal IP address to the VM. Download the installation files to the VM using gsutil.Your company is moving 75 TB of data into Google Cloud. You want to use Cloud Storage and follow Google-recommended practices. What should you do?Move your data onto a Transfer Appliance. Use a Transfer Appliance Rehydrator to decrypt the data into Cloud Storage.You have an application deployed on Google Kubernetes Engine using a Deployment named echo-deployment. The deployment is exposed using a Service called echo-service. You need to perform an update to the application with minimal downtime to the application. What should you do?Use kubectl set image deployment/echo-deployment <new-image>Your company is using BigQuery as its enterprise data warehouse. Data is distributed over several Google Cloud projects. All queries on BigQuery need to be billed on a single project. You want to make sure that no query costs are incurred on the projects that contain the data. Users should be able to query the datasets, but not edit them.How should you configure users' access roles?Add all users to a group. Grant the group the roles of BigQuery jobUser on the billing project and BigQuery dataViewer on the projects that contain the data.You have developed an application using Cloud ML Engine that recognizes famous paintings from uploaded images. You want to test the application and allow specific people to upload images for the next 24 hours. Not all users have a Google Account. How should you have users upload images?Have users upload the images to Cloud Storage using a signed URL that expires after 24 hours.Your web application must comply with the requirements of the European Union's General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR). You are responsible for the technical architecture of your web application. What should you do?Define a design for the security of data in your web application that meets GDPR requirements.You need to set up Microsoft SQL Server on GCP. Management requires that there's no downtime in case of a data center outage in any of the zones within aGCP region. What should you do?Configure a Cloud SQL instance with high availability enabledThe development team has provided you with a Kubernetes Deployment file. You have no infrastructure yet and need to deploy the application. What should you do?Use gcloud to create a Kubernetes cluster. Use kubectl to create the deployment.You need to evaluate your team readiness for a new GCP project. You must perform the evaluation and create a skills gap plan which incorporates the business goal of cost optimization. Your team has deployed two GCP projects successfully to date. What should you do?Allocate budget for team training. Create a roadmap for your team to achieve Google Cloud certification based on job role.You are designing an application for use only during business hours. For the minimum viable product release, you'd like to use a managed product that automatically `scales to zero` so you don't incur costs when there is no activity.Which primary compute resource should you choose?Cloud FunctionsYou are creating an App Engine application that uses Cloud Datastore as its persistence layer. You need to retrieve several root entities for which you have the identifiers. You want to minimize the overhead in operations performed by Cloud Datastore. What should you do?Create the Key object for each Entity and run a batch get operationYou need to upload files from your on-premises environment to Cloud Storage. You want the files to be encrypted on Cloud Storage using customer-supplied encryption keys. What should you do?Supply the encryption key in a .boto configuration file. Use gsutil to upload the files.Your customer wants to capture multiple GBs of aggregate real-time key performance indicators (KPIs) from their game servers running on Google Cloud Platform and monitor the KPIs with low latency. How should they capture the KPIs?Output custom metrics to Stackdriver from the game servers, and create a Dashboard in Stackdriver Monitoring Console to view them.You have a Python web application with many dependencies that requires 0.1 CPU cores and 128 MB of memory to operate in production. You want to monitor and maximize machine utilization. You also want to reliably deploy new versions of the application. Which set of steps should you take?Perform the following: 1. Create a managed instance group with n1-standard-1 type machines. 2. Build a Compute Engine image from the production branch that contains all of the dependencies and automatically starts the Python app. 3. Rebuild the Compute Engine image, and update the instance template to deploy new production releases.Your company wants to start using Google Cloud resources but wants to retain their on-premises Active Directory domain controller for identity management.What should you do?Use Google Cloud Directory Sync to synchronize Active Directory usernames with cloud identities and configure SAML SSO.You are running a cluster on Kubernetes Engine (GKE) to serve a web application. Users are reporting that a specific part of the application is not responding anymore. You notice that all pods of your deployment keep restarting after 2 seconds. The application writes logs to standard output. You want to inspect the logs to find the cause of the issue. Which approach can you take?Review the Stackdriver logs for the specific GKE container that is serving the unresponsive part of the applicationYou are using a single Cloud SQL instance to serve your application from a specific zone. You want to introduce high availability. What should you do?Create a failover replica instance in the same region, but in a different zoneYour company is running a stateless application on a Compute Engine instance. The application is used heavily during regular business hours and lightly outside of business hours. Users are reporting that the application is slow during peak hours. You need to optimize the application's performance. What should you do?Create a custom image from the existing disk. Create an instance template from the custom image. Create an autoscaled managed instance group from the instance template.Your web application has several VM instances running within a VPC. You want to restrict communications between instances to only the paths and ports you authorize, but you don't want to rely on static IP addresses or subnets because the app can autoscale. How should you restrict communications?Use firewall rules based on network tags attached to the compute instancesYou are using Cloud SQL as the database backend for a large CRM deployment. You want to scale as usage increases and ensure that you don't run out of storage, maintain 75% CPU usage cores, and keep replication lag below 60 seconds. What are the correct steps to meet your requirements?1. Enable automatic storage increase for the instance. 2. Create a Stackdriver alert when CPU usage exceeds 75%, and change the instance type to reduce CPU usage. 3. Create a Stackdriver alert for replication lag, and shard the database to reduce replication time.You are tasked with building an online analytical processing (OLAP) marketing analytics and reporting tool. This requires a relational database that can operate on hundreds of terabytes of data. What is the Google-recommended tool for such applications?BigQuery, because it is designed for large-scale processing of tabular dataYou have deployed an application to Google Kubernetes Engine (GKE), and are using the Cloud SQL proxy container to make the Cloud SQL database available to the services running on Kubernetes. You are notified that the application is reporting database connection issues. Your company policies require a post- mortem. What should you do?In the GCP Console, navigate to Stackdriver Logging. Consult logs for (GKE) and Cloud SQL.Your company pushes batches of sensitive transaction data from its application server VMs to Cloud Pub/Sub for processing and storage. What is the Google- recommended way for your application to authenticate to the required Google Cloud services?Ensure that VM service accounts are granted the appropriate Cloud Pub/Sub IAM rolesYou want to establish a Compute Engine application in a single VPC across two regions. The application must communicate over VPN to an on-premises network.How should you deploy the VPN?Deploy Cloud VPN Gateway in each region. Ensure that each region has at least one VPN tunnel to the on-premises peer gateway.Your applications will be writing their logs to BigQuery for analysis. Each application should have its own table. Any logs older than 45 days should be removed.You want to optimize storage and follow Google-recommended practices. What should you do?Make the tables time-partitioned, and configure the partition expiration at 45 daysYou want your Google Kubernetes Engine cluster to automatically add or remove nodes based on CPU load.What should you do?Configure a HorizontalPodAutoscaler with a target CPU usage. Enable the Cluster Autoscaler from the GCP Console.You need to develop procedures to verify resilience of disaster recovery for remote recovery using GCP. Your production environment is hosted on-premises. You need to establish a secure, redundant connection between your on-premises network and the GCP network.What should you do?Verify that Dedicated Interconnect can replicate files to GCP. Verify that Cloud VPN can establish a secure connection between your networks if Dedicated Interconnect fails.Your company operates nationally and plans to use GCP for multiple batch workloads, including some that are not time-critical. You also need to use GCP services that are HIPAA-certified and manage service costs.How should you design to meet Google best practices?Provision preemptible VMs to reduce cost. Disable and then discontinue use of all GCP services and APIs that are not HIPAA-compliant.Your customer wants to do resilience testing of their authentication layer. This consists of a regional managed instance group serving a public REST API that reads from and writes to a Cloud SQL instance.What should you do?Schedule a disaster simulation exercise during which you can shut off all VMs in a zone to see how your application behaves.You want to automate the creation of a managed instance group. The VMs have many OS package dependencies. You want to minimize the startup time for newVMs in the instance group.What should you do?Create a custom VM image with all OS package dependencies. Use Deployment Manager to create the managed instance group with the VM image.Your company captures all web traffic data in Google Analytics 360 and stores it in BigQuery. Each country has its own dataset. Each dataset has multiple tables.You want analysts from each country to be able to see and query only the data for their respective countries.How should you configure the access rights?Create a group per country. Add analysts to their respective country-groups. Create a single group 'all_analysts', and add all country-groups as members. Grant the 'all_analysts' group the IAM role of BigQuery jobUser. Share the appropriate dataset with view access with each respective analyst country-group.Your web application uses Google Kubernetes Engine to manage several workloads. One workload requires a consistent set of hostnames even after pod scaling and relaunches.Which feature of Kubernetes should you use to accomplish this?StatefulSetsYou have been engaged by your client to lead the migration of their application infrastructure to GCP. One of their current problems is that the on-premises high performance SAN is requiring frequent and expensive upgrades to keep up with the variety of workloads that are identified as follows: 20 TB of log archives retained for legal reasons; 500 GB of VM boot/data volumes and templates; 500 GB of image thumbnails; 200 GB of customer session state data that allows customers to restart sessions even if off-line for several days.Which of the following best reflects your recommendations for a cost-effective storage allocation?Memcache backed by Cloud Datastore for the customer session state data. Lifecycle-managed Cloud Storage for log archives, thumbnails, and VM boot/data volumes.Your architecture calls for the centralized collection of all admin activity and VM system logs within your project.How should you collect these logs from both VMs and services?Stackdriver automatically collects admin activity logs for most services. The Stackdriver Logging agent must be installed on each instance to collect system logs.You have an App Engine application that needs to be updated. You want to test the update with production traffic before replacing the current application version.What should you do?Deploy the update as a new version in the App Engine application, and split traffic between the new and current versions.All Compute Engine instances in your VPC should be able to connect to an Active Directory server on specific ports. Any other traffic emerging from your instances is not allowed. You want to enforce this using VPC firewall rules.How should you configure the firewall rules?Create an egress rule with priority 1000 to deny all traffic for all instances. Create another egress rule with priority 100 to allow the Active Directory traffic for all instances.Your customer runs a web service used by e-commerce sites to offer product recommendations to users. The company has begun experimenting with a machine learning model on Google Cloud Platform to improve the quality of results.What should the customer do to improve their model's results over time?Save a history of recommendations and results of the recommendations in BigQuery, to be used as training data.A development team at your company has created a dockerized HTTPS web application. You need to deploy the application on Google Kubernetes Engine (GKE) and make sure that the application scales automatically.How should you deploy to GKE?Use the Horizontal Pod Autoscaler and enable cluster autoscaling. Use an Ingress resource to load-balance the HTTPS trafficYou need to design a solution for global load balancing based on the URL path being requested. You need to ensure operations reliability and end-to-end in- transit encryption based on Google best practices.What should you do?Create an HTTPS load balancer with URL MapsYou have an application that makes HTTP requests to Cloud Storage. Occasionally the requests fail with HTTP status codes of 5xx and 429.How should you handle these types of errors?Implement retry logic using a truncated exponential backoff strategy.You need to develop procedures to test a disaster plan for a mission-critical application. You want to use Google-recommended practices and native capabilities within GCP.What should you do?Use Deployment Manager to automate service provisioning. Use Stackdriver to monitor and debug your tests.Your company creates rendering software which users can download from the company website. Your company has customers all over the world. You want to minimize latency for all your customers. You want to follow Google-recommended practices.How should you store the files?Save the files in multiple Multi-Regional Cloud Storage buckets, one bucket per multi-region.Your company acquired a healthcare startup and must retain its customers' medical information for up to 4 more years, depending on when it was created. Your corporate policy is to securely retain this data, and then delete it as soon as regulations allow.Which approach should you take?Store the data in Cloud Storage and use lifecycle management to delete files when they expire. MYou are deploying a PHP App Engine Standard service with Cloud SQL as the backend. You want to minimize the number of queries to the database.What should you do?Set the memcache service level to dedicated. Create a key from the hash of the query, and return database values from memcache before issuing a query to Cloud SQL.You need to ensure reliability for your application and operations by supporting reliable task scheduling for compute on GCP. Leveraging Google best practices, what should you do?Using the Cron service provided by App Engine, publish messages to a Cloud Pub/Sub topic. Subscribe to that topic using a message-processing utility service running on Compute Engine instances.Your company is building a new architecture to support its data-centric business focus. You are responsible for setting up the network. Your company's mobile and web-facing applications will be deployed on-premises, and all data analysis will be conducted in GCP. The plan is to process and load 7 years of archived .csv files totaling 900 TB of data and then continue loading 10 TB of data daily. You currently have an existing 100-MB internet connection.What actions will meet your company's needs?Lease a Transfer Appliance, upload archived files to it, and send it to Google to transfer archived data to Cloud Storage. Establish a connection with Google using a Dedicated Interconnect or Direct Peering connection and use it to upload files daily.You are developing a globally scaled frontend for a legacy streaming backend data API. This API expects events in strict chronological order with no repeat data for proper processing.Which products should you deploy to ensure guaranteed-once FIFO (first-in, first-out) delivery of data?Cloud Pub/Sub to Cloud DataflowYour company is planning to perform a lift and shift migration of their Linux RHEL 6.5+ virtual machines. The virtual machines are running in an on-premisesVMware environment. You want to migrate them to Compute Engine following Google-recommended practices. What should you do?1. Perform an assessment of virtual machines running in the current VMware environment. 2. Define a migration plan, prepare a Migrate for Compute Engine migration RunBook, and execute the migration.You need to deploy an application to Google Cloud. The application receives traffic via TCP and reads and writes data to the filesystem. The application does not support horizontal scaling. The application process requires full control over the data on the file system because concurrent access causes corruption. The business is willing to accept a downtime when an incident occurs, but the application must be available 24/7 to support their business operations. You need to design the architecture of this application on Google Cloud. What should you do?Use an unmanaged instance group with an active and standby instance in different zones, use a regional persistent disk, and use a network load balancer in front of the instances. MYour company has an application running on multiple Compute Engine instances. You need to ensure that the application can communicate with an on-premises service that requires high throughput via internal IPs, while minimizing latency. What should you do?Configure a Cloud Dedicated Interconnect connection between the on-premises environment and Google Cloud.You are managing an application deployed on Cloud Run for Anthos, and you need to define a strategy for deploying new versions of the application. You want to evaluate the new code with a subset of production traffic to decide whether to proceed with the rollout. What should you do?Deploy a new revision to Cloud Run with the new version. Configure traffic percentage between revisions.You are monitoring Google Kubernetes Engine (GKE) clusters in a Cloud Monitoring workspace. As a Site Reliability Engineer (SRE), you need to triage incidents quickly. What should you do?Navigate the predefined dashboards in the Cloud Monitoring workspace, and then add metrics and create alert policies.You are implementing a single Cloud SQL MySQL second-generation database that contains business-critical transaction data. You want to ensure that the minimum amount of data is lost in case of catastrophic failure. Which two features should you implement? (Choose two.)Automated backups Binary loggingYou are working at a sports association whose members range in age from 8 to 30. The association collects a large amount of health data, such as sustained injuries. You are storing this data in BigQuery. Current legislation requires you to delete such information upon request of the subject. You want to design a solution that can accommodate such a request. What should you do?Use a unique identifier for each individual. Upon a deletion request, delete all rows from BigQuery with this identifier.Your company has announced that they will be outsourcing operations functions. You want to allow developers to easily stage new versions of a cloud-based application in the production environment and allow the outsourced operations team to autonomously promote staged versions to production. You want to minimize the operational overhead of the solution. Which Google Cloud product should you migrate to?App EngineYour company is running its application workloads on Compute Engine. The applications have been deployed in production, acceptance, and development environments. The production environment is business-critical and is used 24/7, while the acceptance and development environments are only critical during office hours. Your CFO has asked you to optimize these environments to achieve cost savings during idle times. What should you do?Use Cloud Scheduler to trigger a Cloud Function that will stop the development and acceptance environments after office hours and start them just before office hours.You are moving an application that uses MySQL from on-premises to Google Cloud. The application will run on Compute Engine and will use Cloud SQL. You want to cut over to the Compute Engine deployment of the application with minimal downtime and no data loss to your customers. You want to migrate the application with minimal modification. You also need to determine the cutover strategy. What should you do?1. Set up Cloud VPN to provide private network connectivity between the Compute Engine application and the on-premises MySQL server. 2. Stop the on-premises application. 3. Start the Compute Engine application, configured to read and write to the on-premises MySQL server. 4. Create the replication configuration in Cloud SQL. 5. Configure the source database server to accept connections from the Cloud SQL replica. 6. Finalize the Cloud SQL replica configuration. 7. When replication has been completed, stop the Compute Engine application. 8. Promote the Cloud SQL replica to a standalone instance. 9. Restart the Compute Engine application, configured to read and write to the Cloud SQL standalone instance.Your organization has decided to restrict the use of external IP addresses on instances to only approved instances. You want to enforce this requirement across all of your Virtual Private Clouds (VPCs). What should you do?Set an Organization Policy with a constraint on constraints/compute.vmExternalIpAccess. List the approved instances in the allowedValues list.Your company uses the Firewall Insights feature in the Google Network Intelligence Center. You have several firewall rules applied to Compute Engine instances.You need to evaluate the efficiency of the applied firewall ruleset. When you bring up the Firewall Insights page in the Google Cloud Console, you notice that there are no log rows to display. What should you do to troubleshoot the issue?Enable Firewall Rules Logging for the firewall rules you want to monitor.Your company has sensitive data in Cloud Storage buckets. Data analysts have Identity Access Management (IAM) permissions to read the buckets. You want to prevent data analysts from retrieving the data in the buckets from outside the office network. What should you do?1. Create a VPC Service Controls perimeter that includes the projects with the buckets. 2. Create an access level with the CIDR of the office network.You have developed a non-critical update to your application that is running in a managed instance group, and have created a new instance template with the update that you want to release. To prevent any possible impact to the application, you don't want to update any running instances. You want any new instances that are created by the managed instance group to contain the new update. What should you do?Start a new rolling update. Select the Opportunistic update mode.Your company is designing its application landscape on Compute Engine. Whenever a zonal outage occurs, the application should be restored in another zone as quickly as possible with the latest application data. You need to design the solution to meet this requirement. What should you do?configure the Compute Engine instances with an instance template for the application, and use a regional persistent disk for the application data. Whenever a zonal outage occurs, use the instance template to spin up the application in another zone in the same region. Use the regional persistent disk for the application data.Your company has just acquired another company, and you have been asked to integrate their existing Google Cloud environment into your company's data center. Upon investigation, you discover that some of the RFC 1918 IP ranges being used in the new company's Virtual Private Cloud (VPC) overlap with your data center IP space. What should you do to enable connectivity and make sure that there are no routing conflicts when connectivity is established?Create a Cloud VPN connection from the new VPC to the data center, create a Cloud Router, and apply new IP addresses so there is no overlapping IP spaceYou need to migrate Hadoop jobs for your company's Data Science team without modifying the underlying infrastructure. You want to minimize costs and infrastructure management effort. What should you do?Create a Dataproc cluster using preemptible worker instances.Your company has a project in Google Cloud with three Virtual Private Clouds (VPCs). There is a Compute Engine instance on each VPC. Network subnets do not overlap and must remain separated. The network configuration is shown below. Instance #1 is an exception and must communicate directly with both Instance #2 and Instance #3 via internal IPs. How should you accomplish this?Add two additional NICs to Instance #1 with the following configuration: ג€¢ NIC1 ג—‹ VPC: VPC #2 ג—‹ SUBNETWORK: subnet #2 ג€¢ NIC2 ג—‹ VPC: VPC #3 ג—‹ SUBNETWORK: subnet #3 Update firewall rules to enable traffic between instances.You need to deploy an application on Google Cloud that must run on a Debian Linux environment. The application requires extensive configuration in order to operate correctly. You want to ensure that you can install Debian distribution updates with minimal manual intervention whenever they become available. What should you do?Create a Debian-based Compute Engine instance, install and configure the application, and use OS patch management to install available updates.You have an application that runs in Google Kubernetes Engine (GKE). Over the last 2 weeks, customers have reported that a specific part of the application returns errors very frequently. You currently have no logging or monitoring solution enabled on your GKE cluster. You want to diagnose the problem, but you have not been able to replicate the issue. You want to cause minimal disruption to the application. What should you do?1. Update your GKE cluster to use Cloud Operations for GKE. 2. Use the GKE Monitoring dashboard to investigate logs from affected Pods.You need to deploy a stateful workload on Google Cloud. The workload can scale horizontally, but each instance needs to read and write to the same POSIX filesystem. At high load, the stateful workload needs to support up to 100 MB/s of writes. What should you do?Create a Cloud Filestore instance and mount it in each instanceYour company has an application deployed on Anthos clusters (formerly Anthos GKE) that is running multiple microservices. The cluster has both Anthos ServiceMesh and Anthos Config Management configured. End users inform you that the application is responding very slowly. You want to identify the microservice that is causing the delay. What should you do?Use the Service Mesh visualization in the Cloud Console to inspect the telemetry between the microservices.You are working at a financial institution that stores mortgage loan approval documents on Cloud Storage. Any change to these approval documents must be uploaded as a separate approval file, so you want to ensure that these documents cannot be deleted or overwritten for the next 5 years. What should you do?Create a retention policy on the bucket for the duration of 5 years. Create a lock on the retention policy.Your team will start developing a new application using microservices architecture on Kubernetes Engine. As part of the development lifecycle, any code change that has been pushed to the remote develop branch on your GitHub repository should be built and tested automatically. When the build and test are successful, the relevant microservice will be deployed automatically in the development environment. You want to ensure that all code deployed in the development environment follows this process. What should you do?Create a Cloud Build trigger based on the development branch that tests the code, builds the container, and stores it in Container Registry. Create a deployment pipeline that watches for new images and deploys the new image on the development cluster. Ensure only the deployment tool has access to deploy new versions.Your operations team has asked you to help diagnose a performance issue in a production application that runs on Compute Engine. The application is dropping requests that reach it when under heavy load. The process list for affected instances shows a single application process that is consuming all available CPU, and autoscaling has reached the upper limit of instances. There is no abnormal load on any other related systems, including the database. You want to allow production traffic to be served again as quickly as possible. Which action should you recommend?Increase the maximum number of instances in the autoscaling groupYou are implementing the infrastructure for a web service on Google Cloud. The web service needs to receive and store the data from 500,000 requests per second. The data will be queried later in real time, based on exact matches of a known set of attributes. There will be periods where the web service will not receive any requests. The business wants to keep costs low. Which web service platform and database should you use for the application?Cloud Run and Cloud BigtableYou are developing an application using different microservices that should remain internal to the cluster. You want to be able to configure each microservice with a specific number of replicas. You also want to be able to address a specific microservice from any other microservice in a uniform way, regardless of the number of replicas the microservice scales to. You need to implement this solution on Google Kubernetes Engine. What should you do?Deploy each microservice as a Deployment. Expose the Deployment in the cluster using a Service, and use the Service DNS name to address it from other microservices within the cluster.Your company has a networking team and a development team. The development team runs applications on Compute Engine instances that contain sensitive data. The development team requires administrative permissions for Compute Engine. Your company requires all network resources to be managed by the networking team. The development team does not want the networking team to have access to the sensitive data on the instances. What should you do?1. Create a project with a Shared VPC and assign the Network Admin role to the networking team. 2. Create a second project without a VPC, configure it as a Shared VPC service project, and assign the Compute Admin role to the development team.JencoMart has built a version of their application on Google Cloud Platform that serves traffic to Asia. You want to measure success against their business and technical goals. Which metrics should you track?Total visits and average latency for users from AsiaJencoMart wants to move their User Profile database to Google Cloud Platform. Which Google Database should they use?Google Cloud DatastoreYou need to optimize batch file transfers into Cloud Storage for Mountkirk Games' new Google Cloud solution. The batch files contain game statistics that need to be staged in Cloud Storage and be processed by an extract transform load (ETL) tool. What should you do?Use gsutil to batch copy the files in parallel.JencoMart has decided to migrate user profile storage to Google Cloud Datastore and the application servers to Google Compute Engine (GCE). During the migration, the existing infrastructure will need access to Datastore to upload the data. What service account key-management strategy should you recommend?Provision service account keys for the on-premises infrastructure and use Google Cloud Platform (GCP) managed keys for the VMsMountkirk Games' gaming servers are not automatically scaling properly. Last month, they rolled out a new feature, which suddenly became very popular. A record number of users are trying to use the service, but many of them are getting 503 errors and very slow response times. What should they investigate first?Verify that the project quota hasn't been exceeded.Mountkirk Games has deployed their new backend on Google Cloud Platform (GCP). You want to create a thorough testing process for new versions of the backend before they are released to the public. You want the testing environment to scale in an economical way. How should you design the process?Create a scalable environment in GCP for simulating production load.A few days after JencoMart migrates the user credentials database to Google Cloud Platform and shuts down the old server, the new database server stops responding to SSH connections. It is still serving database requests fto the application servers correctly. What three steps should you take to diagnose the problem? (Choose three)Take a snapshot of the disk and connect to a new machine to investigate Check inbound firewall rules for the network the machine is connected to. Print the serial console output for the instance for troubleshooting, activate the interactive console, and investigate.Mountkirk Games wants you to design their new testing strategy. How should the test coverage differ from their existing backends on the other platforms?Tests should scale well beyond the prior approaches.Data can be encrypted at different layers of the OSI network stack. Google Cloud may encrypt network data at multiple levels. What protocol is used at layer 7?ALTSWhich of the following service level measures are considered a legally enforceable contract between the service provider and the service consumer?SLAIn May 2018, the EU began enforcement of a new privacy regulation known as the GDPR. This required many companies to change how they manage personal information about citizens of the EU. This is an example of what kind of change?RegulationYour company is looking to connect their onsite networks to a GCP VPC, in order to dynamically exchange routes between each site. Which service would you advise?Cloud RouterYour company has made plans to roll out OpenShift, a Kubernetes platform solution offered by IBM Red Hat, across all its on-premises and public cloud environments. Given that you are the lead architect responsible for your company's GCP deployments, what type of shared responsibility model will this deployment entail for you?IaaSWhich Google Cloud Platform database offering is best suited for integration with client-side mobile and web applications, gaming leaderboards, and user presence at global scale?Cloud FirestoreYour customer is moving their corporate applications to Google Cloud Platform. The security team wants detailed visibility of all resources in the organization. You use Resource Manager to set yourself up as the org admin. What Cloud Identity and Access Management (Cloud IAM) roles should you give to the security team?Org viewer, Project viewer