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Family Relationships and Gender Roles Exam 2


emotional connection. NOT the same as sex. Sex is an expression of intimacy and is sometimes connected. NOT selfish. about the other person.

collectivist cultures intimacy

individuals define their identity in terms of relationships they hold with others. looking out for the good of others, family, community

individualist cultures intimacy

individual goals are promoted over group goals, people define their identity in terms of personal attributes such as wealth, social status, education level and marital status. Looking out for YOURSELF.

Emotional attachment

CORE OF ALL RELATIONSHIPS. Characterized by feelings that promote sense of closeness, bonding w/ one another, and connection. promote well-being of another.

Three-pronged process of intimacy

1. disclosing things that are personal and private to ourselves
2. experiencing positive feelings about ourselves and the other person involved in relationship
3. having interpersonal interactions that serve to advance/reflect partners' understanding of each other

Intimacy is a _________.

PROCESS. dynamic and ever-changing. change and progression occur over time.

8 Components of intimacy

1. Conflict Resolution - manage conflict
2. Affection - express affection and show feelings
3. Cohesion - degree of value in relationship
4. Sexuality - communicate sexual needs
5. Identity - keep individual identity w/in relationship
6. Compatibility - how partners relate
7. Expressiveness - know personal thoughts/feelings
8. Autonomy - independence from family of origin

Spiritual intimacy

MOST powerful type of intimacy


exposing yourself not physically (sex), but emotionally. allowing self to be vulnerable.


both parties are contributing. heightens relationship satisfaction

types of intimates: intimate

capable of experiencing closeness, emotional attachment

Trust vs. Mistrust Stage

Infancy, 0-24 months. Child develops belief that his/her caregivers will provide secure and trustful environment

Autonomy vs. Shame and Doubt

toddlerhood, 2-4 years. child develops independence and free will; feels shame if he/she doesn't use free will appropriately. saying NO.

Initiative vs. Guilt

early childhood, 4-6 years. "age of acquiring": child learns to explore environment and acquires newfound set of skills; newfound sense of initiative and accomplishment

Industry vs. Inferiority

middle childhood, 7-12 years. "age of mastery" - child masters skills acquired during early childhood


the ability to put oneself in another person's shoes, understand someone else's situations, express emotional concern for another person

identity, individuation, autonomy

process undergone during adolescence:
identity - sense of "who I am"
individuation - forming identity separate from family
autonomy - self of independence and self-governing person w/in context of relationships

Females, males

_______ attach more emotional importance to their friends than _______ do

Men, women

_____ are less expressive/supportive towards friends than _______ are

Men, women

_______ are less likely to turn to their friends in time of trouble than _______ are

Females, males

____ more strongly emphasize mutual understanding , security, and mutual exploration of interests than do ______

males, females

more so than ______, _______ discuss family problems and activities, personal dreams, fears, personal problems, and secret

males, girls

_____ emphasize activity and achievement in their group friendships; they show less interest in reciprocity/mutuality, and support/caring than do _____

males, females

____ discuss sports and hobbies more so than _____

barriers to developing intimacy

family environment, past families and past experiences

Fear of intimacy - fear of...

-being smothered
-losing someone we love
-taking a risk
-accepting responsibility of intimate relationship
-experiencing anger/hostility in relationship
-being "found out"

physically closeness

although meaning of intimacy varies from relationship to relationship, ______ is not necessarily a component of intimacy

personal context

____ includes factors specific to each person, such as personality traits; attitudes and beliefs, the overall status of relationship; emotional reactions to intimacy; willingness to self-disclose, and each partner's intimacy needs, goals and motives


adolescents begin process of _______, forming an identity that is separate than that of their family of origin

types of intimates: Pseudointimate

intimate on surface but lacks depth; rarely goes beyond friendship

types of intimates: Preintimate

capable of intimacy and may want it, but lack ability to commit

types of intimates: Stereotyped relationships

casual relationships, lack of commitment

types of intimates: Isolates

socially withdrawn, no need for relationship

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