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29 terms

Psy 180 chapter 10

STUDY
PLAY
Attachment
A close, emotional bond of affection between infants and their caregivers.
Centration
The tendency to focus on just one feature of a problem, neglecting other important aspects.
Cephalocaudal
The head-to-foot direction of motor development.
Cognitive Development
Transitions in youngsters' patterns of thinking, including reasoning, remembering, and problem solving.
Conservation
Piaget's term for the awareness that physical quantities remain constant in spite of changes in their shape or appearance
Dementia
An abnormal condition marketed by multiple cognitive defects that include memory impairment.
Egocentrism
A limited ability to share another person's viewpoint.
Embryonic Stage
The second stage of prenatal development, lasting from two weeks until the end of the second month.
Fetal Alcohol Syndrome
A collection of inborn problems associated with excessive alcohol use during pregnancy.
Fetal Stage
The third stage of prenatal development, lasting from two months through birth.
Gender Differences
Actual disparities between the sexes in typical behavior or average ability.
Germinal Stage
The first phase of prenatal development, encompassing the first two weeks after conceptions.
Menarche
The first occurrence of menstruation.
Midlife Crisis
A difficult, turbulent period of doubts and reappraisal of one's life.
Moral Development
Measure nature and progression of moral reasoning.
Object Permanence
Recognizing that objects continue to exist even when they are no longer visible.
Prenatal Period
The period from conception to birth, usually encompassing nine months of pregnancy.
Primary Sex Characteristics
The sexual structures necessary for reproduction.
Proximodistal Trend
The center-outward direction of motor development.
Puberty
The period of early adolescence marked by rapid physical growth and the development of sexual maturity.
Secondary Sex Characteristic
Physical features that are associated with gender but that are not directly involved in reproduction.
Separation Anxiety
Emotional distress seen in many infants when they are separated from people with who they have formed an attachment.
Spermarche
The first occurrence of ejaculation.
Strange Situation
Secure, Anxious-ambivalent, and Avoidant.
Zygote
A one-celled organism formed by the union of a sperm and an egg.
Ainsworth
Developed a research paradigm to study attachment using separation anxiety as a measure.
Piaget
Believed interaction with the environment and maturation gradually alter the way children think
Harlow
Rhesus Monkey.
Kohlberg
Devised a stage theory of moral development based on subjects' responses to presented moral dilemma