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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. Mark - Date
  2. Mark - Authorship
  3. Solutions to the Text-Critical Issue of Mark
  4. Literal/Formal Translation
  5. Dynamic Equivalence Translation
  1. a "word for word"
    -ich gehe nach Hause -> i go to house -> I'm going home
    -ex: NASB
    -danger: can fail to make clear
  2. b 1) vs 8 is simply the end
    2) the book was never finished, something happened to prevent the ending from being written
    3) the Resurrection account was planned for a second volume following Luke-Acts pattern (little evidence for this)
    4) the ending was lost
    5) the resurrection account was already widely known and circulated (the weakest argument)
  3. c -Late 50s or very early 60s
    -precedes Lk and Acts
    -Acts probably written before Paul's death (64) in 63, so Mk must come before this.
  4. d we have no explicit author but we DO have
    1) witness of Church fathers - Eusebeus (3c) says that Papias (2c) says someone said that Mark wrote it, listening to Peter
    2) Mark's bad rep - he deserted Paul on the first missionary journey. If anyone was going to invent an author, why would they pick Mark?
    3) Relationships - several other scriptures tell us that John Mark was in Rome with Peter around the date of authorship
  5. e "middle of the road"
    -a smoothing out of translation AND meaning
    -not afraid to move away from the literal in order to make clear
    -ex: NIV
    -danger: faces all four issue of translation

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. -writing of OT Scripture fulfilled
    -OT and Jesus' fulfillment put together in a codex
    -used to debate/convince Jews of Jesus' messiah-ship
    -"notebook" format
  2. Centers on 2 questions
    1) Who is the "beloved disciple?" a literary device?
    -many scholars accept that he is the author. we know:
    -named John, not necessarily the Apostle
    -a teen of a High Priestly family
    2) Who is the author?
    -John the Apostle
    -a John, not the Apostle
    -Johannine Community (see Audience)
  3. 1) The role of the Holy Spirit in Luke/Acts - fits Lk's goal to demonstrate gentile acceptance. Sets this up throughout Gospel
    2) Jesus as the Son of God - birth announcement (to Mary), spiritual conception, the Baptism, see also Jesus - Adam Typology
    3) The Jubilee Connection - a year of Jubilee close to the beginning of Jesus' ministry. The claim of fulfilling Isaiah 61
  4. -non-canonical, 2nd c gnostic, pseudepigraph
    -alludes to and quotes NT
    -includes stories/quotes of Jesus which may have actually happened
    -Nag Hammadi: 350 AD. Coptic copy with 114 sayings of Jesus, found in 1945
    -Oxyrhynncus: 2nd or 3rd c. Fragments with 32 sayings, found in 1904, published 1970s
  5. Moses: an agent of redemption

5 True/False questions

  1. Streeter's Hypothesis1863


  2. John's Relation to the Synoptic Gospels
    (three theories)
    1) A supplement- John knows at least one Synoptic and adds material
    2) An interpretation- writing an explanation.
    3) Literary Independence** - John is writing his own gospel, not adding to or explaining the other.


  3. Matthew - Structure and FocusChiasm


  4. Free/Paraphrase Translation"meaning"
    -if scripture was written in "street Greek" shouldn't we translate it into "street English?"
    -often group focused (e.g. Cotton Patch Gospel)
    -becomes very dated very fast
    -not developed by a committee, often just one person
    -ex: The Message
    -danger: Translator's agenda; can add, leave out or distort


  5. Mark's Agenda-Late 50s or very early 60s
    -precedes Lk and Acts
    -Acts probably written before Paul's death (64) in 63, so Mk must come before this.