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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. Mark's Agenda
  2. John - Audience
  3. Matthew - Date
  4. Luke - Authorship
  5. Testimonia Theory
  1. a Johannine Community (disciples and followers of John)
    -Christians under Domitian persecution
    -isolated community, still a part of synagogue life, facing temptation to turn b/c of Jewish pressure under persec.
  2. b 1 c. document for sure.
    Question: before or after 70 (temple destruction)?
    Liberal need the date to fall after 70 AD so Matt. put Jesus' temple prediction in his mouth
    Conservatives don't care
  3. c -to answer the question "Who is He?"
    -Mark is claiming Jesus is the Son of God, despite the cross
  4. d -writing of OT Scripture fulfilled
    -OT and Jesus' fulfillment put together in a codex
    -used to debate/convince Jews of Jesus' messiah-ship
    -"notebook" format
  5. e Church Tradition
    From Scripture we know:
    -A gentile doctor (Col 4:11,14) of what is unknown
    -with Paul at the end of his life (II Tim 4:11)
    -may have traveled with Paul (changes from "they" to "we" in Acts)
    -direct access to Mary, her children or someone close to her
    Theophilus - a real person or literary device (name lit. means "friend of God"). if real, a patron of Luke

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. 1) The role of the Holy Spirit in Luke/Acts - fits Lk's goal to demonstrate gentile acceptance. Sets this up throughout Gospel
    2) Jesus as the Son of God - birth announcement (to Mary), spiritual conception, the Baptism, see also Jesus - Adam Typology
    3) The Jubilee Connection - a year of Jubilee close to the beginning of Jesus' ministry. The claim of fulfilling Isaiah 61
  2. 1) vs 8 is simply the end
    2) the book was never finished, something happened to prevent the ending from being written
    3) the Resurrection account was planned for a second volume following Luke-Acts pattern (little evidence for this)
    4) the ending was lost
    5) the resurrection account was already widely known and circulated (the weakest argument)
  3. -non-canonical, 2nd c gnostic, pseudepigraph
    -alludes to and quotes NT
    -includes stories/quotes of Jesus which may have actually happened
    -Nag Hammadi: 350 AD. Coptic copy with 114 sayings of Jesus, found in 1945
    -Oxyrhynncus: 2nd or 3rd c. Fragments with 32 sayings, found in 1904, published 1970s
  4. Rome. The evidence:
    1. Tradition
    2. Language - Mark uses Aramaic and translates it, he also transliterates Latin into Greek (so, his readers know Latin but not Aramaic)
    3. Purpose of Proclamation - the cross does not prevent Christ from being the Son of God, addressing the Roman issues with the crucifixion
  5. 90s
    -Liberals say Christology is too advanced and place it around 200
    -1920, P52 (fragment of a copy) discovered. dated 100-125
    in order for copies to exist, it had to come earlier.

5 True/False questions

  1. Why do we have new translations?1. Our ability to understand the meaning of ancient languages
    2. The way we use our own language
    3. NOT because the original meaning has changed!


  2. John's Relation to the Synoptic Gospels
    (three theories)


  3. Old Testament Paradigms-Abraham
    -The "Incident"
    -Joshua & Conquest
    -Kingly Tradition
    In the Jewish mind: Paradigms + Interp of OT + Jewish Rebellions + Apocalyptic Lit = Time of Fulfillment is Near


  4. Style of Writing
    (evidence of Markan Priority)
    -Mark's Greek is very awkward
    -Matthew & Luke fix/smooth it out


  5. Luke - StructureThree themes woven together throughout the book
    "L" Material of the Infancy Narrative:
    -Mtt writes about scripture fulfilled, Lk writes like he's continuing scripture
    -canticles (Mary's Magnificat = Hannah's Song in I Sam)
    -Samuel parallels