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55 terms

Med Term Ch 10 Test Review

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Cerebellum
part of the brain responsible for coordinating muscle movements and maintaining balance
myoneural
Pertaining to muscle and nerves
acetylcholine
Neurotransmitter
dendrite
part of the nerve cell that first receives the nervous impulse
gyri
Elevated portions of the cerebral cortex
causalgia
burning sensation of pain
plexus
A network of interlacing nerve fibers in the peripheral nervous system
astrocytes
glial cells
synapse
space between nerve cells
medula oblongata
part of the brain that controls breathing, heartbeat, and the size of blood vessels
aphasia
inability to speak
cauda equina
collection of spinal nerves below the end of the spinal cord
myelogram
X-ray record of the spinal cord
subdural hematoma
Collection of blood within the meningeal layers
paresthesia
abnormal sensation of tingling or prickling
radiculitis
inflammation of a spinal nerve root
glioblastoma
a highly malignant brain tumor
quadriplegia
paralysis of four extremities
cerebrovascular accident
cerebral aneurysm, thrombosis, or hemorrhaging
syncope
fainting
meningomyelocele
Spina bifida is associated with
shuffling gait
Parkinson disease is characterized by
dyslexia
disorder of reading, writing, and learning
anesthesia
condition of no nervous sensation
epilepsy
Sudden, transient disturbances of brain function marked by seizures
Bell palsy
unilateral facial paralysis
myasthenia gravis
loss of muscle strength; breakdown of acetylcholine, a neurotransmitter
aura
peculiar sensation appearing before more definite symptoms
transient ischemic attack
interruption of blood supply to the cerebrum
occlusion
blockage
dopamine
neurotransmitter
glioblastoma multiforme
malignant brain tumor of immature glial cells
tonic-clonic seizure
major convulsive epileptic seizure
meninges
Three protective membranes that surround the brain and spinal cord
embolism
Obstruction of a blood vessel by a foreign substance or a blood clot
glial
pertaining to supportive cells of the nervous system
thalamus
a part of the brain that serves as a relay station for incoming sensory information
synapse
space between nerve cells
neurasthenia
lack of strength in nerves; a feeling of weakness and exhaustion
hypothalamus
located below the thalamus, controls vital bodily functions. Portion of the brain that controls the pituitary gland, water balance, an body temperature
neurorrhaphy
surgically suturing together the ends of a severed nerve
motor nerve
a nerve that passes toward or to muscles or glands
myelin sheath
insulating membrane surrounding the axon in some neurons
acetylcholine
a neurotransmitter that enables learning and memory and also triggers muscle contraction.
meningioma
tumor of the meninges
hyperkinesis
excessive movement
neurasthenia
nervous exhaustion
paresis
slight or partial paralysis
demyelination
Destruction of myelin on axons of neurons (as in multiple sclerosis)
syncopal
pertaining to fainting
palliative
remedy that alleviates pain without curing
dementia
loss of mental capacity
intrathecal
pertaining to within the meninges
parenchymal
essential cells of an organ
gait
manner of walking