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A fixed form of fourteen lines, traditionally written in iambic pentameter and rimed throughout.
Also called Petrarchan sonnet, it rimes the octave (the first eight lines) a b b a a b b a; the sestet (the last six lines) may follow any rime pattern, as long as it does not end in a couplet. The poem traditionally turns, or shifts in mood or tone, after the octave.
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