How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

43 terms

health5

STUDY
PLAY
endocrine glands
produce and release chemical substances; make up your endorcrine system
hormones
chemical substances produced by edocrine glands; chemical messangers
pituitary gland
a small gland at the base of the brain; controls growing rate, metabolism, reproduction, and regulates other endocrine glands
hypothalamus
part of the brain that controls the pituitary gland; regulates your body temperature, use of water, and blood pressure; oversees hormone level
adrenal glands
above the kidney; produce hormones that affect the functioning of your kidneys, metabolism, and response to stressful situations
adrenaline
hormone released by the adrenal glands
thyroid gland
shaped like a bow tie; located in the front of the neck; releases a hormone that regulates the rate of metabolism in the body
parathyroid glands
attached to the thyroid gland; regulates calcium and phosphorus
pancreas
large gland behind the stomach; part of the digestive and endocrine system
hypoglycemia
level of blood sugar is too low
thymus
gland located in the upper chest near the heart; no understood
ovaries
female reproductive glands
testes
male reproductive glands
fsh and lh
hormones released by the pituitary gland in males and females
testosterone
male sex hormone
sperm
male sex cells
progesterone and estrogen
female sex hormones
ova
female sex cells
fertilization
the joining of a sperm cell with an egg; baby
scrotum
sac of skin that testes hang outside the body in
epididymis
J-shaped tube located on the back of each testis
penis
external sexual organ through which sperm leave the body
glans
tip of the penis
circimcision
removal of the foreskin
vas deferens
an 18 inch tube that receives sperm from the epididymis
urethra
a tube that passes through the penis to the outside of the body; carries urine and sperm
seminal vesicles
sex gland; located near the bladder
Cowper's glands
pair of glands located at the base of the penis
semen
sperm mixes with the fluids from glands
nocturnal emission
erection and ejaculation during sleep
ovulation
the release of one ripening egg per month
fallopian tubes
small tubes that carry the released eggs from the ovaries
uterus
hollow, muscular, pear shaped organ located between the two ovaries and behind the urinary bladder
cervix
narrow base of the uterus
menstrual cycle
the process during which an egg matures and is released and the uterus prepares to receive it
endometrium
lining of the uterus
endometriosis
pain in the pelvic area
chromosomes
tiny structures found within every cell
deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)
chemical substance that make up chromosomes
gene
a section of a chrmosome that determines a single trait
genetic disorder
abnormal condition that a person inherits through genes or chromosomes
tay-sachs disease
lack of chemical in the brain; no treatment
phenylketonuria
rare metabolic disorder that con cause severe mental retardation in infants