20 terms

World History CH.7 India and China Establish Empires

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Mauryan Empire
The first empire in India,founded by Chandragupta Maurya in 321B.C.
Asoka
Chandragupta`s grandson who brought the Mauryan Empire to its greatest heights.
Religion Tolereation
A recognition of people`s right to hold differing religious beliefs.
Tamil
A language of southern India; also, the people who speak that language.
Gupta Empire
The second empire in Indi, founded by Chandra Gupta 1 in A.D. 320.
Patriarchal
Relating to a social system in which the father is head of the family.
Matriarchal
Relating to a social system in which the mother is head of the family.
Mahayana
A set of Buddhism that offers salvation to all and allows popular worship.
Theravada
A set of Buddhism focusing on the strict spiritual discipline originally advocated by the Buddha.
Stupa
Mounded stone structures built over Buddhist holy relics.
Bramha
A Hindu god considered the creator of the world.
Vishnu
AHindu god considered the preserver of the world.
Shiva
A Hindu god considered the destroyer of the world.
Kalidasa
One of India`s greatest writers who may have been the court poet for Chandra Gupta 2.
Silk Road
A system of ancient caravan routes across Central Asia, along which traders carried silk and other trade goods.
Han Dynasty
A Chinese dynasty that ruled from 202 B.C. to A.D. 9 and again from A.D 23 to 220.
Centralized government
A government in which power is concentrated in a central authority to which local governments are subject.
Civil Service
The administrative departments of a government-especially those in which employees are hired on the basis of their scores on examinations.
Monopoly
A group`s exclusive control over the production and distribution of certain Goods.
Assimilation
The adoption of a conqueror`s culture by a conquered people.