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20 terms

Industrial revolution-Dawn of the industrial age

Pearson-Prentice hall text
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Anesthetic
substance that removes sensation with or without loss of consciousness
Enclosure
One of the fenced-in or hedged-in fields created by wealthy British landowners on land that was formerly worked by village farmers
James Watt
Scottish engineer and inventor whose improvements in the steam engine led to its wide use in industry (1736-1819)
Smelt
to separate iron from its ore, which required coal rather than charcoal. This change in method made cheaper and better-quality iron, and therefore a rise in iron innovations.
Seed Drill
created by Jethro Tull, it allowed farmers to sow seeds in well-spaced rows at specific depths; this boosted crop yields
Industrial Revolution
the change from an agricultural to an industrial society and from home manufacturing to factory production, especially the one that took place in England from about 1750 to about 1850.
Agricultural Revolution
The transformation of farming that resulted in the eighteenth century from the spread of new crops, improvements in cultivation techniques and livestock breeding, and consolidation of small holdings into large farms from which tenants were expelled (600)
Statistics
the study of collecting, organizing, and interpreting data
Capital
wealth in the form of money or property owned by a person or business and human resources of economic value
Enterprise
willingness to take new ventures; initiative; business organization; plan (that is difficult or daring); Ex. their latest enterprise to sail round the world in a small boat
Entrepreneur
a person who starts up and takes on the risk of a business
Putting out system
system of merchant-capitalists "putting out" raw materials to cottage workers for processing and payment that was fully developed in England
Eli Whitney
United States inventor of the mechanical cotton gin (1765-1825)
turnpike
privately built road that charges a fee to travelers who use it
Liverpool
a large city in northwestern England
Manchester
Industrial city in Northern England, which greatly increased in population during the Industrial Revolution. Because of the Rotten Boroughs, its interests were underrepresented in Parliament during the early 19th century.
Urbanization
movement of population from farms to cities
Tenement
a low-cost apartment building that often has poor standards of sanitation, safety, and comfort and is designed to house as many families as possible
Labor Union
an organization of employees formed to bargain with the employer
Contamination
the act of contaminating or polluting