29 terms

5th Grade Reading PSSA II

STUDY
PLAY
informational text
a nonfiction text, written to share factual information
literary devices
tools used by the author to make the story interesting
literary elements
important techniques used in literature
literary nonfiction
this type of text includes literary elements and devices normally found in fiction, but it tells about real people, places, or events
main idea
the author's most important point, usually found in the topic sentence
metaphor
a figure of speech that compares 2 unlike things without using the words "like" or "as"
multiple meaning words
words that can have several meanings, depending upon how they are used in a sentence
narrative
type of text that tells a story (may be fiction or nonfiction)
nonfiction
factual writing that explains, informs, or describes (rather than entertains)
paraphrase
to restate something you read or hear by putting it in your own words
personification
giving human qualities, feelings, or actions to something that is not human
phonics
the letter/sound relationships used by beginning readers
plot
a story's sequence of events
poetry
writing that provides an emotional experience by using figurative language, imagery, and rhythm
point of view
the position from which a story is told
prefix
a group of letters placed at the beginning of a word to change its meaning
resolution
the part of a story that comes after the climax, when the conflict is resolved
rhyme
similar final sounds in words, usually at the end of lines in a poem
rising action
the part of a story where the plot becomes complicated, leading up to the climax
setting
a story's time and place
simile
comparing two unlike things by using the words "like" or "as"
subject area
organized knowledge about a particular topic
suffix
a group of letters placed at the end of a word to change its meaning
summarize
to retell the most important parts of a text in a much shorter space, and in your own words
style
how an author writes, using language to interest the reader in his or her purpose
synonym
one word that has the same meaning as another word
target words
words that students are expected to know
theme
a major idea that is the topic of discussion or writing
third person
point of view in which the author tells a story about the characters, like a narrator