Terms in this set (814)
A male client with hypertension, who received new antihypertensive prescriptions at his last visit returns to the clinic two weeks later to evaluate his blood pressure (BP). His BP is 158/106 and he admits that he has not been taking the prescribed medication because the drugs make him "feel bad". In explaining the need for hypertension control, the nurse should stress that an elevated BP places the client at risk for which pathophysiological condition?
After placing a stethoscope as seen in the picture, the nurse auscultates S1 and S2 heart sounds. To determine if an S3 heart sound is present, what action should the nurse take firstListen with the bell at the same locationA 66-year-old woman is retiring and will no longer have a health insurance through her place of employment. Which agency should the client be referred to by the employee health nurse for health insurance needs?MedicareA client who is taking an oral dose of a tetracycline complains of gastrointestinal upset. What snack should the nurse instruct the client to take with the tetracycline?Toasted wheat bread and jellyFollowing a lumbar puncture, a client voices several complaints. What complaint indicated to the nurse that the client is experiencing a complication?"I have a headache that gets worse when I sit up"An elderly client seems confused and reports the onset of nausea, dysuria, and urgency with incontinence. Which action should the nurse implementObtain a clean catch mid-stream specimenThe nurse is assisting the mother of a child with phenylketonuria (PKU) to select foods that are in keeping with the child's dietary restrictions. Which foods are contraindicated for this child?Foods sweetened with aspartameBefore preparing a client for the first surgical case of the day, a part-time scrub nurse asks the circulating nurse if a 3 minute surgical hand scrub is adequate preparation for this client. Which response should the circulating nurse provide?Direct the nurse to continue the surgical hand scrub for a 5 minute durationWhich breakfast selection indicates that the client understands the nurse's instructions about the dietary management of osteoporosis?Bagel with jelly and skim milkThe charge nurse of a critical care unit is informed at the beginning of the shift that less than the optimal number of registered nurses will be working that shift. In planning assignments, which client should receive the most care hours by a registered nurse (RN)An 82-year-old client with Alzheimer's disease newly-fractures femur who has a Foley catheter and soft wrist restrains appliedA mother brings her 6-year-old child, who has just stepped on a rusty nail, to the pediatrician's office. Upon inspection, the nurse notes that the nail went through the shoe and pierced the bottom of the child's foot. Which action should the nurse implement first?Cleanse the foot with soap and water and apply an antibiotic ointmentThe mother of an adolescent tells the clinic nurse, "My son has athlete's foot, I have been applying triple antibiotic ointment for two days, but there has been no improvement." What instruction should the nurse provide?Stop using the ointment and encourage complete drying of the feet and wearing clean socks.A 26-year-old female client is admitted to the hospital for treatment of a simple goiter, and levothyroxine sodium (Synthroid) is prescribed. Which symptoms indicate to the nurse that the prescribed dosage is too high for this client? The client experiencesPalpitations and shortness of breathA client with a history of heart failure presents to the clinic with a nausea, vomiting, yellow vision and palpitations. Which finding is most important for the nurse to assess to the client?Obtain a list of medications taken for cardiac historyThe healthcare provider prescribes an IV solution of isoproterenol (Isuprel) 1 mg in 250 ml of D5W at 300 mcg/hour. The nurse should program the infusion pump to deliver how many ml/hour? (Enter numeric value only.)75 Rationale: Convert mg to mcg and use the formula D/H x Q. 300 mcg/hour / 1,000 mcg x 250 ml = 3/1 x 25 = 75 ml/hourThe pathophysiological mechanism are responsible for ascites related to liver failure? (Select all that apply)-Fluid shifts from intravascular to interstitial area due to decreased serum protein -Increased hydrostatic pressure in portal circulation increases fluid shifts into abdomen -Increased circulating aldosterone levels that increase sodium and water retentionThe nurse is auscultating a client's heart sounds. Which description should the nurse use to document this sound? (Please listen to the audio first to select the option that applies)MurmurThe healthcare provider prescribes celtazidime (Fortax) 35 mg every 8 hours IM for an infant. The 500 mg vial is labeled with the instruction to add 5.3 ml diluent to provide a concentration of 100 mg/ml. How many ml should the nurse administered for each dose? (Enter numeric value only. If rounding is required, round to the nearest tenth0.4 rationale: 35mg/100mg x 1 = 0.35 = 0.4 mlThe nurse notes that a client has been receiving hydromorphone (Dilaudid) every six hours for four days. What assessment is most important for the nurse to complete?Auscultate the client's bowel sounds Rationale: hydromorphone is a potent opioid analgesic that slows peristalsis and frequently causes constipation, so it is most important to Auscultate the client's bowel soundsA female client is admitted with end stage pulmonary disease is alert, oriented, and complaining of shortness of breath. The client tells the nurse that she wants "no heroic measures" taken if she stops breathing, and she asks the nurse to document this in her medical record. What action should the nurse implementAsk the client to discuss "do not resuscitate" with her healthcare providerA client is receiving a full strength continuous enteral tube feeding at 50 ml/hour and has developed diarrhea. The client has a new prescription to change the feeding to half strength. What intervention should the nurse implement?Add equal amounts of water and feeding to a feeding bag and infuse at 50ml/hourA female client reports that her hair is becoming coarse and breaking off, that the outer part of her eyebrows have disappeared, and that her eyes are all puffy. Which follow-up question is best for the nurse to ask?Have you noticed any changes in your fingernails? Rationale: The pattern of reported manifestations is suggestive of hypothyroidismAfter a third hospitalization 6 months ago, a client is admitted to the hospital with ascites and malnutrition. The client is drowsy but responding to verbal stimuli and reports recently spitting up blood. What assessment finding warrants immediate intervention by the nurse?Capillary refill of 8 secondsAfter the nurse witnesses a preoperative client sign the surgical consent form, the nurse signs the form as a witness. What are the legal implications of the nurse's signature on the client's surgical consent form? (Select all that apply)-The client voluntarily grants permission for the procedure to be done -The client is competent to sign the consent without impairment of judgment -The client understands the risks and benefits associated with the procedureFollowing surgery, a male client with antisocial personality disorder frequently requests that a specific nurse be assigned to his care and is belligerent when another nurse is assigned. What action should the charge nurse implement?Advise the client that assignments are not based on clients requestsA client with cervical cancer is hospitalized for insertion of a sealed internal cervical radiation implant. While providing care, the nurse finds the radiation implant in the bed. What action should the nurse take?Place the implant in a lead container using long-handled forcepsThe client with which type of wound is most likely to need immediate intervention by the nurse?Laceration Rationale: A laceration is a wound that is produced by the tearing of soft body tissue. This type of wound is often irregular and jagged. A laceration wound is often contaminated with bacteria and debris from whatever object caused the cutThe nurse is planning care for a client admitted with a diagnosis of pheochromocytoma. Which intervention has the highest priority for inclusion in this client's plan of care?Monitor blood pressure frequently Rationale: A pheochromocytoma is a rare, catecholamine-secreting tumor that may precipitate life-threatening hypertensionWhen caring for a client who has acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), the nurse elevates the head of the bed 30 degrees. What is the reason for this intervention?To reduce abdominal pressure on the diaphragm Rationale: a semi-sitting position is the best position for matching ventilation and perfusion and for decreasing abdominal pressure on the diaphragm, so that the client can maximize breathingWhen assessing a mildly obese 35-year-old female client, the nurse is unable to locate the gallbladder when palpating below the liver margin at the lateral border of the rectus abdominal muscle. What is the most likely explanation for failure to locate the gallbladder by palpation?The gallbladder is normal Rationale: a normal healthy gallbladder is not palpableA woman with an anxiety disorder calls her obstetrician's office and tells the nurse of increased anxiety since the normal vaginal delivery of her son three weeks ago. Since she is breastfeeding, she stopped taking her antianxiety medications, but thinks she may need to start taking them again because of her increased anxiety. What response is best for the nurse to provide this woman?Inform her that some antianxiety medications are safe to take while breastfeeding Rationale: there are several antianxiety medications that are not contraindicated for breastfeeding mothers.An older male client with a history of type 1 diabetes has not felt well the past few days and arrives at the clinic with abdominal cramping and vomiting. He is lethargic, moderately, confused, and cannot remember when he took his last dose of insulin or ate last. What action should the nurse implement first?Start an intravenous (IV) infusion of normal saline Rationale: the nurse should first start an intravenous infusion of normal saline to replace the fluids and electrolytes because the client has been vomiting, and it is unclear when he last ate or took insulin. The symptoms of confusion, lethargy, vomiting, and abdominal cramping are all suggestive of hyperglycemia, which also contributes to diuresis and fluid electrolyte imbalance.A client who received multiple antihypertensive medications experiences syncope due to a drop in blood pressure to 70/40. What is the rationale for the nurse's decision to hold the client's scheduled antihypertensive medication?The additive effect of multiple medications has caused the blood pressure to drop too lowWhich client is at the greatest risk for developing delirium?An adult client who cannot sleep due to constant pain.Which intervention should the nurse include in a long-term plan of care for a client with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)?Reduce risks factors for infectionWhich location should the nurse choose as the best for beginning a screening program for hypothyroidism?A business and professional women's groupA female client has been taking a high dose of prednisone, a corticosteroid, for several months. After stopping the medication abruptly, the client reports feeling "very tired". Which nursing intervention is most important for the nurse to implement?Measure vital signsA male client reports the onset of numbness and tingling in his fingers and around his mouth. Which lab is important for the nurse to review before contacting the health care provider?Serum calciumWhat explanation is best for the nurse to provide a client who asks the purpose of using the log-rolling technique for turning?The technique is intended to maintain straight spinal alignment.A client receiving chemotherapy has severe neutropenia. Which snack is best for the nurse to recommend to the client?Baked apples topped with dried raisinsWhich action should the school nurse take first when conducting a screening for scoliosis?Inspect for symmetrical shoulder height.An unlicensed assistive personnel (UAP) assigned to obtain client vital signs reports to the charge nurse that a client has a weak pulse with a rate of 44 beat/ minutes. What action should the charge nurse implement?Assign a practical nurse (LPN) to determine if an apical radial deficit is presentAfter a sudden loss of consciousness, a female client is taken to the ED and initial assessment indicate that her blood glucose level is critically low. Once her glucose level is stabilized, the client reports that was recently diagnosed with anorexia nervosa and is being treated at an outpatient clinic. Which intervention is more important to include in this client's discharge plan?Encourage a low-carbohydrate and high-protein dietA client with a peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC) line has a fever. What client assessment is most important for the nurse to perform?Observe the antecubital fossa for inflammation.The nurse administers an antibiotic to a client with respiratory tract infection. To evaluate the medication's effectiveness, which laboratory values should the nurse monitor? Select all that apply-White blood cell (WBC) count -Sputum culture and sensitivityA client is admitted to isolation with the diagnosis of active tuberculosis. Which infection control measures should the nurse implement?Negative pressure environmentA school nurse is called to the soccer field because a child has a nose bleed (epistaxis). In what position should the nurse place the childSitting up and leaning forwardA young adult who is hit with a baseball bat on the temporal area of the left skull is conscious when admitted to the ED and is transferred to the Neurological Unit to be monitored for signs of closed head injury. Which assessment finding is indicative of a developing epidural hematoma?Altered consciousness within the first 24 hours after injury.A female client with breast cancer who completed her first chemotherapy treatment today at an out-patient center is preparing for discharge. Which behavior indicates that the client understands her care needsRented movies and borrowed books to use while passing time at homeWhich instruction should the nurse provide a pregnant client who is complaining of heartburn?Eat small meal throughout the day to avoid a full stomach.A client is admitted to the intensive care unit with diabetes insipidus due to a pituitary gland tumor. Which potential complication should the nurse monitor closely?Hypokalemia Rational: pituitary tumors that suppress antidiuretic hormone (ADH) result in diabetes insipidus, which causes massive polyuria and serum electrolyte imbalances, including hypokalemia, which can lead to lethal arrhythmiasA female client reports she has not had a bowel movement for 3 days, but now is defecating frequent small amount of liquid stool. Which action should the nurse implement?Digitally check the client for a fecal impactionAfter changing to a new brand of laundry detergent, an adult male reports that he has a fine itchy rash. Which assessment finding warrants immediate intervention by the nurse?Bilateral Wheezing.The nurse should teach the parents of a 6 year-old recently diagnosed with asthma that the symptom of acute episode of asthma are due to which physiological response?Inflammation of the mucous membrane & bronchospasmA 10 year old who has terminal brain cancer asks the nurse, "What will happen to my body when I die?" How should the nurse respond?"The heart will stop beating & you will stop breathing."The nurse is assessing a 3-month-old infant who had a pylorotomy yesterday. This child should be medicated for pain based on which findings? Select all that apply:-Restlessness -Clenched Fist -Increased pulse rate -Increased respiratory rate.The nurse is preparing to administer an oral antibiotic to a client with unilateral weakness, ptosis, mouth drooping and, aspiration pneumonia. What is the priority nursing assessment that should be done before administering this medicationDetermine which side of the body is weak.The nurse who is working on a surgical unit receives change of shift report on a group of clients for the upcoming shift. A client with which condition requires the most immediate attention by the nurse?Abdominal-perineal resection 2 days ago with no drainage on dressing who has fever and chills. Rationale: the client with an abdominal- perineal resection is at risk for peritonitis and needs to be immediately assessed for other signs and symptoms for sepsis.The nurse is caring for a client who had gastric bypass surgery yesterday. Which intervention is most important for the nurse to implement during the first 24 postoperative hours?Measure hourly urinary output. Rationale: a serious early complications of gastric bypass surgery is an anastomoses leak, often resulting in death.When preparing to discharge a male client who has been hospitalized for an adrenal crisis, the client expresses concern about having another crisis. He tells the nurse that he wants to stay in the hospital a few more days. Which intervention should the nurse implement?Schedule an appointment for an out-patient psychosocial assessment.An adult female client tells the nurse that though she is afraid her abusive boyfriend might one day kill her, she keeps hoping that he will change. What action should the nurse take first?Explore client's readiness to discuss the situationIn caring for a client with Cushing syndrome, which serum laboratory value is most important for the nurse to monitor?GlucoseAzithromycin is prescribed for an adolescent female who has lower lobe pneumonia and recurrent chlamydia. What information is most important for the nurse to provide to this clientUse two forms of contraception while taking this drug.A client in the emergency center demonstrates rapid speech, flight of ideas, and reports sleeping only three hours during the past 48h. Based on these finding, it is most important for the nurse to review the laboratory value for which medication?Divalproex. Rationale: divalproex is the first line of treatment for bipolar disorder BPD because it has a high therapeutic index, few side effects, and a rapid onset in controlling symptoms and preventing recurrent episodes of mania and depression. The serum value of divalproex should be determined since the client is exhibiting symptoms of mania, which may indicate non-compliance with the medication regimenA male client who is admitted to the mental health unit for treatment of bipolar disorder has a slightly slurred speech pattern and an unsteady gait. Which assessment finding is most important for the nurse to report to the healthcare provider?Serum lithium level of 1.6 mEq/L or mmol/l (SI) Rationale: The therapeutic level of Serum lithium is 0.8 to 1.5 mEq/L or mmol/l (SI). Slurred speech and ataxia are sign of lithium toxicityA client was admitted to the cardiac observation unit 2 hours ago complaining of chest pain. On admission, the client's EKG showed bradycardia, ST depression, but no ventricular ectopy. The client suddenly reports a sharp increase in pain, telling the nurse, "I feel like an elephant just stepped on my chest" The EKG now shows Q waves and ST segment elevations in the anterior leads. What intervention should the nurse perform?Administer prescribed morphine sulfate IV and provide oxygen at 2 L/min per nasal cannula.The nurse is developing a teaching program for the community. What population characteristic is most influential when choosing strategies for implementing a teaching plan?Literacy levelA client is being discharged with a prescription for warfarin (Coumadin). What instruction should the nurse provide this client regarding diet?Eat approximated the same amount of leafy green vegetables daily so the amount of vitamin K consumed is consistent.A client who had a small bowel resection acquired methicillin resistant staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) while hospitalized. He treated and released, but is readmitted today because of diarrhea and dehydration. It is most important for the nurse to implement which intervention.Maintain contact transmission precautionA postoperative female client has a prescription for morphine sulfate 10 mg IV q3 hours for pain. One dose of morphine was administered when the client was admitted to the post anesthesia care unit (PACU) and 3 hours later, the client is again complaining of pain. Her current respiratory rate is 8 breaths/minute. What action should the nurse take?Administer Naxolone IVWhich intervention is most important for the nurse to include in the plan of care for an older woman with osteoporosis?Place the client on fall precautionsBased on the information provided in this client's medical record during labor, which should the nurse implement? (Click on each chart tab for additional information. Please be sure to scroll to the bottom right corner of each tab to view all information contained in the client's medical record.)Continue to monitor the progress of laborAn unlicensed assistive personnel UAP leaves the unit without notifying the staff. In what order should the unit manager implement this intervention to address the UAPs behavior? (Place the action in order from first on top to last on bottom.)1. Note date and time of the behavior. 2. Discuss the issue privately with the UAP. 3. Plan for scheduled break times. 4. Evaluate the UAP for signs of improvement.A client with intestinal obstructions has a nasogastric tube to low intermittent suction and is receiving an IV of lactated ringer's at 100 ml/H. which finding is most important for the nurse to report to the healthcare provider?Serum potassium level of 3.1 mEq/L or mmol/L (SI) Rationale: The normal potassium level in the blood is 3.5-5.0 milliEquivalents per liter (mEq/L).Which type of Leukocyte is involved with allergic responses and the destruction of parasitic worms?Eosinophils Rationale: Eosinophils are involved in allergic responses and destruction of parasitic wormsThe healthcare provider prescribes the antibiotic cephradine 500mg PO every 6 hours for a client with a postoperative wound infection. Which foods should the nurse encourage this client to eatYogurt and/or buttermilk.Several months after a foot injury, and adult woman is diagnosed with neuropathic pain. The client describes the pain as severe and burning and is unable to put weight on her foot. She asks the nurse when the pain will "finally go away." How should the nurse respond?Assist the client in developing a goal of managing the painOne day following an open reduction and internal fixation of a compound fracture of the leg, a male client complains of "a tingly sensation" in his left foot. The nurse determines the client's left pedal pulses are diminished. Based on these finding, what is the client's greatest risk?Neurovascular and circulation compromise related to compartment syndromeThe nurse is completing a head to be assessment for a client admitted for observation after falling out of a tree. Which finding warrants immediate intervention by the nurse?Clear fluid leaking from the noseA client with multiple sclerosis (MS) has decreased motor function after taking a hot bath (Uhthoff's sign). Which pathophysiological mechanism supports this responseTemporary vasodilationWhile assessing a radial artery catheter, the client complains of numbness and pain distal to the insertion site. What interventions should the nurse implement?Promptly remove the arterial catheter from the radial artery.A client is admitted with an epidural hematoma that resulted from a skateboarding accident. To differentiate the vascular source of the intracranial bleeding, which finding should the nurse monitor?Rapid onset of decreased level of consciousness.The nurse finds a client at 33 weeks gestation in cardiac arrest. What adaptation to cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) should the nurse implement?Position a firm wedge to support pelvis and thorax at 30 degree tilt.When preparing a client for discharge from the hospital following a cystectomy and a urinary diversion to treat bladder cancer, which instruction is most important for the nurse to include in the client's discharge teaching plan?Report any signs of cloudy urine output.For the past 24 hours, an antidiarrheal agent, diphenoxylate, has been administered to a bedridden, older client with infectious gastroenteritis. Which finding requires the nurse to take further action?Tented skin turgor.After repositioning an immobile client, the nurse observes an area of hyperemia. To assess for blanching, what action should the nurse take?Apply light pressure over the area.The nurse enters a client's room and observes the client's wrist restraint secured as seen in the picture. What action should the nurse take?Reposition the restraint tie onto the bedframe.A female client with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is chemically paralyzed and sedated while she is on as assist-control ventilator using 50% FIO2. Which assessment finding warrants immediate intervention by the nurse?Diminished left lower lobe sounds Rationale: Diminished lobe sounds indicate collapsed alveoli or tension pneumothorax, which required immediate chest tube insertion to re-inflate the lung.The development of atherosclerosis is a process of sequential events. Arrange the pathophysiological events in orders of occurrence. (Place the first event on top and the last on the bottom)1. Arterial endothelium injury causes inflammation 2. Macrophages consume low density lipoprotein (LDL), creating foam cells 3. Foam cells release growth factors for smooth muscle cells 4. Smooth muscle grows over fatty streaks creating fibrous plaques 5. Vessel narrowing results in ischemiaFollowing a motor vehicle collision, an adult female with a ruptured spleen and a blood pressure of 70/44, had an emergency splenectomy. Twelve hours after the surgery, her urine output is 25 ml/hour for the last two hours. What pathophysiological reason supports the nurse's decision to report this finding to the healthcare providerOliguria signals tubular necrosis related to hypoperfusionA nurse-manager is preparing the curricula for a class for charge nurses. A staffing formula based on what data ensures quality client care and is most cost-effective?Skills of staff and client acuityWhen performing postural drainage on a client with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD), which approach should the nurse use?Explain that the client may be placed in five positionsA client presents in the emergency room with right-sided facial asymmetry. The nurse asks the client to perform a series of movements that require use of the facial muscles. What symptoms suggest that the client has most likely experience a Bell's palsy rather than a stroke?Inability to close the affected eye, raise brow, or smileThe nurse is teaching a client how to perform colostomy irrigations. When observing the client's return demonstration, which action indicated that the client understood the teaching?Keeps the irrigating container less than 18 inches above the stomaThe nurse should teach the client to observe which precaution while taking dronedarone?Avoid grapefruits and its juicA client who sustained a head injury following an automobile collision is admitted to the hospital. The nurse include the client's risk for developing increased intracranial pressure (ICP) in the plan of care. Which signs indicate to the nurse that ICP has increased?Confusion and papilledema Rationale: papilledema is always an indicator of increased ICP, and confusion is usually the first sign of increased ICP. Other options do not necessarily reflect increased ICP.The nurse is caring for a client receiving continuous IV fluids through a single lumen central venous catheter (CVC). Based on the CVC care bundle, which action should be completed daily to reduce the risk for infection?Confirm the necessity for continued use of the CVC.During an annual physical examination, an older woman's fasting blood sugar (FBS) is determined to be 140 mg/dl or 7.8 mmol/L (SI). Which additional finding obtained during a follow-up visit 2 weeks later is most indicative that the client has diabetes mellitus (DM)?Repeated fasting blood sugar (FBS) is 132 mg/dl or 7.4 mmol/L (SI).A new mother tells the nurse that she is unsure if she will be able to transition into parenthood. What action should the nurse take?Determine if she can ask for support from family, friend, or the baby's fatherA client who was admitted yesterday with severe dehydration is complaining of pain a 24 gauge IV with normal saline is infusing at a rate of 150 ml/hour. Which intervention should the nurse implement first?Stop the normal saline infusion.An elderly female is admitted because of a change in her level of sensorium. During the evening shift, the client attempts to get out bed and falls, breaking her left hip. Buck's skin traction is applied to the left leg while waiting for surgery. Which intervention is most important for the nurse to include in this client's plan care?Ensure proper alignment of the leg in traction.An Unna boot is applied to a client with a venous stasis ulcer. One week later, when the Unna boot is removed during a follow-up appointment, the nurse observes that the ulcer site contains bright red tissue. What action should the nurse take in response to this finding?Document the ongoing wound healingAt the end of a preoperative teaching session on pain management techniques, a client starts to cry and states, "I just know I can't handle all the pain." What is the priority nursing diagnosis for this client?anxietyThe nurse note a visible prolapse of the umbilical cord after a client experiences spontaneous rupture of the membranes during labor. What intervention should the nurse implement immediately?Elevate the presenting part off the cordA client who had a right hip replacement 3 day ago is pale has diminished breath sound over the left lower lung fields, a temperature of 100.2 F, and an oxygen saturation rate of 90%. The client is scheduled to be transferred to a skilled nursing facility (SNF) tomorrow for rehabilitative critical pathway. Based on the client's symptoms, what recommendation should the nurse give the healthcare provider?Reassess readiness for SNF transfer.A client who is newly diagnosed with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) receives a prescription for metformin (Glucophage) 500 mg PO twice daily. What information should the nurse include in this client's teaching plan? (Select all that apply.)-Recognize signs and symptoms of hypoglycemia. -Report persist polyuria to the healthcare provider. -Take Glucophage with the morning and evening meal.The nurse is developing an educational program for older clients who are being discharged with new antihypertensive medications. The nurse should ensure that the educational materials include which characteristics? Select all that apply-Contains a list with definitions of unfamiliar terms -Uses common words with few Syllables -Uses pictures to help illustrate complex ideasDuring the admission assessment, the nurse auscultates heart sounds for a client with no history of cardiovascular disease. Where should the nurse listen when assessing the client's point of maximal impulse (PMI) (Click the chosen location. To change, click on a new location)4-5th intercostal space midclavicularAn older male adult resident of long-term care facility is hospitalized for a cardiac catheterization that occurred yesterday. Since the procedure was conducted, the client has become increasingly disoriented. The night shift nurse reports that he attempted to remove the sandbag from his femoral artery multiple times during the night. What actions should the nurse take? (Select all that apply.)-Notify the healthcare provider of the client's change in mental status. -Include q2 hour's reorientation in the client's plan of care.An older male comes to the clinic with a family member. When the nurse attempts to take the client's health history, he does not respond to questions in a clear manner. What action should the nurse implement firstAssess the surroundings for noise and distractions.The nurse caring for a client with acute renal fluid (ARF) has noted that the client has voided 800 ml of urine in 4 hours. Based on this assessment, what should the nurse anticipate that client will need?Large amounts of fluid and electrolyte replacement.Which intervention should the nurse include in the plan of care for a child with tetanus?Minimize the amount of stimuli in the roomSuicide precautions are initiated for a child admitted to the mental health unit following an intentional narcotic overdose. After a visitor leaves, the nurse finds a package of cigarettes in the client's room. Which intervention is most important for the nurse to implement?Remove cigarettes for the client's roomA family member of a frail elderly adult asks the nurse about eligibility requirements for hospice care. What information should the nurse provide? (Select all that apply.)-A client must be willing to accept palliative care, not curative care. ---The healthcare provider must project that the client has 6 months or less to live.A client with atrial fibrillation receives a new prescription for dabigatran. What instruction should the nurse include in this client's teaching plan?Avoid use of nonsteroidal ant-inflammatory drugs (NSAID).A nurse with 10 years experience working in the emergency room is reassigned to the perinatal unit to work an 8 hour shift. Which client is best to assign to this nurse?A mother with an infected episiotomyAn infant who is admitted for surgical repair of a ventricular septal defect (VSD) is irritable and diaphoretic with jugular vein distention. Which prescription should the nurse administer first?Digoxin.The nursing staff on a medical unit includes a registered nurse (RN), practical nurse (PN), and an unlicensed assistive personnel (UAP). Which task should the charge nurse assign to the RN?Supervise a newly hired graduate nurse during an admission assessment.While teaching a young male adult to use an inhaler for his newly diagnosed asthma, the client stares into the distance and appears to be concentrating on something other than the lesson the nurse is presenting. What action should the nurse takeAsk the client what he is thinking about at his time.After several hours of non-productive coughing, a client presents to the emergency room complaining of chest tightness and shortness of breath. History includes end stage chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and diabetes mellitus. While completing the pulmonary assessment, the nurse hears wheezing and poor air movement bilaterally. Which actions should the nurse implement? (Select all that apply.)-Administer PRN nebulizer treatment. -Obtain 12 lead electrocardiogram. -Monitor continuous oxygen saturation.The nurse caring for a 3-month-old boy one day after a pylorotomy notices that the infant is restless, is exhibiting facial grimaces, and is drawing his knees to his chest. What action should the nurse take?Administer a prescribed analgesia for painA 4-year-old with acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL) is receiving a chemotherapy (CT) protocol that includes methotrexate (Mexate, Trexal, MIX), an antimetabolite. Which information should the nurse provide the parents about caring for their child?Use sunblock or protective clothing when outdoorsTwo days after admission a male client remembers that he is allergic to eggs, and informs the nurse of the allergy. Which actions should the nurse implement? (Select all that apply)-Notify the food services department of the allergy. -Enter the allergy information in the client's record. -Add egg allergy to the client's allergy arm band.The rapid response team's detects return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) after 2 min of continuous chest compressions. The client has a weak, fast pulse and no respiratory effort, so the healthcare provider performs a successful oral, intubation. What action should the nurse implement?Perform bilateral chest auscultationAfter administering an antipyretic medication. Which intervention should the nurse implement?Encouraging liberal fluid intakeA client with hyperthyroidism is being treated with radioactive iodine (I-131). Which explanation should be included in preparing this client for this treatment?Describe radioactive iodine as a tasteless, colorless medication administered by the healthcare providerAfter a colon resection for colon cancer, a male client is moaning while being transferred to the Postanesthesia Care Unit (PACU). Which intervention should the nurse implement first?Determine client's pulse, blood pressure, and respirationsThe nurse is caring for a group of clients with the help of a licensed practical nurse (LPN) and an experienced unlicensed assistive personnel (UAP). Which procedures can the nurse delegate to the UAP? (Select all that apply)-Take postoperative vital signs for a client who has an epidural following knee arthroplasty -Collect a sputum specimen for a client with a fever of unknown origin -Ambulate a client who had a femoral-popliteal bypass graft yesterdayA male client with cirrhosis has ascites and reports feeling short of breath. The client is in semi Fowler position with his arms at his side. What action should the nurse implement?Raise the head of the bed to a Fowler's position and support his arms with a pillowA client with a history of chronic pain requests a nonopioid analgesic. The client is alert but has difficulty describing the exact nature and location of the pain to the nurse. Which action should the nurse implement next?Administer the analgesic as requested Rationale: Chronic pain may be difficult to describe but should be treated with analgesics as indicated.A client with a chronic health problem has difficulty ambulating short distance due to generalized weakness, but is able to bear weight on both legs. To assist with ambulation and provide the greatest stability, what assistive device is best for this client?Crutches with 4 point gaitThe nurse uses the parkland formula (4ml x kg x total body surface area = 24 hours fluid replacement) to calculate the 24-hours IV fluid replacement for a client with 40% burns who weighs 76kg. How many ml should the client receive? (Enter numeric value only.)Answer: 12,160 Rationale: 4ml x 67kg x 40 (bsa) =12,160 mlA client with leukemia undergoes a bone marrow biopsy. The client's laboratory values indicate the client has thrombocytopenia. Based on this data, which nursing assessment is most important following the procedure?Observe aspiration site.An 18-year-old female client is seen at the health department for treatment of condylomata acuminate (perineal warts) caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV). Which intervention should the nurse implement?Reinforce the importance of annual papanicolaou (Pap) smears.A client admitted to the psychiatric unit diagnosed with major depression wants to sleep during the day, refuses to take a bath, and refuses to eat. Which nursing intervention should the nurse implement first?Establish a structured routine for the client to followA client with history of bilateral adrenalectomy is admitted with a week, irregular pulse, and hypotension. Which assessment finding warrants immediate intervention by the nurse?Ventricular arrhythmias. Rationale: adrenal crisis, a potential complication of bilateral adrenalectomy, results in the loss of mineralocorticoids and sodium excretions that is characterized by hyponatremia, hyperkalemia, dehydration, and hypotension. Ventricular arrhythmias are life threatening and required immediate intervention to correct critical potassium levels.The mother of a 7-month-old brings the infant to the clinic because the skin in the diaper area is excoriated and red, but there are no blisters or bleeding. The mother reports no evidence of watery stools. Which nursing intervention should the nurse implement?Instruct the mother to change the child's diaper more often.A resident of a long-term care facility, who has moderate dementia, is having difficulty eating in the dining room. The client becomes frustrated when dropping utensils on the floor and then refuses to eat. What action should the nurse implement?Encourage the client to eat finger foodsA client is receiving mesalamine 800 mg PO TID. Which assessment is most important for the nurse to perform to assess the effectiveness of the medication?Bowel patterns Rationale: the client should be assessed for a change in bowel patterns to evaluate the effectiveness of this medication because Mesalamine is used to treat ulcerative colitis (a condition which causes swelling and sores in the lining of the colon [large intestine] and rectum) and also to maintain improvement of ulcerative colitis symptoms. Mesalamine is in a class of medications called anti-inflammatory agents. It works by stopping the body from producing a certain substance that may cause inflammation.While in the medical records department, the nurse observes several old medical records with names visible in waste container. What action should the nurse implement?Contact the medical records department supervisorA 16-year-old adolescent with meningococcal meningitis is receiving a continuous IV infusion of penicillin G, which is prescribed as 20 million units in a total volume of 2 liters of normal saline every 24 hr. The pharmacy delivers 10 million units/ liters of normal saline. How many ml/hr should the nurse program the infusion pump? (Enter numeric value only. If rounding is required, round to the nearest whole number.)Answer 83.33 Rationale: 1000 ml-----12hr. 1000/12 = 83.33While visiting a female client who has heart failure (HF) and osteoarthritis, the home health nurse determines that the client is having more difficulty getting in and out of the bed than she did previously. Which action should the nurse implement first?Submit a referral for an evaluation by a physical therapist.A client has an intravenous fluid infusing in the right forearm. To determine the client's distal pulse rate most accurately, which action should the nurse implement?Palpate at the radial pulse site with the pads of two or three fingersA child is admitted to the pediatric unit diagnosed with sickle cell crisis. When the nurse walks into the room, the unlicensed assistive personnel (UAP) is encouraging the child to stay in bed in the supine position. Which action should the nurse implement?Reposition the client with the head of the bed elevated.A preschool-aged boy is admitted to the pediatric unit following successful resuscitation from a near-drowning incident. While providing care to child, the nurse begins talking with his preadolescent brother who rescued the child from the swimming pool and initiated resuscitation. The nurse notices the older boy becomes withdrawn when asked about what happened. What action should the nurse takeAsk the older brother how he felt during the incidenAfter six days on a mechanical ventilator, a male client is extubated and place on 40% oxygen via face mask. He is awake and cooperative, but complaining of a severe sore throat. While sipping water to swallow a medication, the client begins coughing, as if strangled. What intervention is most important for the nurse to implement?Hold oral intake until swallow evaluation is done.The nurse is interacting with a female client who is diagnosed with postpartum depression. Which finding should the nurse document as an objective signs of depression? (Select all that apply)-Interacts with a flat affect. -Avoids eye contact. -Has a disheveled appearanceA client in the postanesthesia care unit (PACU) has an eight (8) on the Aldrete postanesthesia scoring system. What intervention should nurse implementTransfer the client to the surgical floor.In caring for the body of a client who just died, which tasks can be delegate to the unlicensed assistive personnel (UAP)? (Select all that apply.)-Place personal religious artifacts on the body. -Attach identifying name tags to the body. -Follow cultural beliefs in preparing the bodyAn adult male reports the last time he received penicillin he developed a severe maculopapular rash all over his chest. What information should the nurse provide the client about future antibiotic prescriptions?Be alert for possible cross-sensitivity to cephalosporin agentsA client with a prescription for "do not resuscitate" (DNR) begins to manifest signs of impending death. After notifying the family of the client's status, what priority action should the nurse implement?The client's need for pain medication should be determined.A client with cirrhosis of the liver is admitted with complications related to end stage liver disease. Which intervention should the nurse implement? (Select all that apply.)-Monitor abdominal girth -Report serum albumin and globulin levels. -Note signs of swelling and edema Rational: monitoring for increasing abdominal girth and generalized tissue edema and swelling are focused assessments that provide data about the progression of disease related complications. In advanced cirrhosis, liver function failure results in low serum albumin and serum protein levels, which caused third spacing that results in generalized fluid retention and ascites. Other options are not indicated in end stage liver diseaseDuring discharge teaching, the nurse discusses the parameters for weight monitoring with a client who was recently diagnosed with heart failure (HF). Which information is most important for the client to acknowledge?Report weight gain of 2 pounds (0.9kg) in 24 hoursWhich problem, noted in the client's history, is important for the nurse to be aware of prior to administration of a newly prescribed selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI)?Aural migraine headachesWhen implementing a disaster intervention plan, which intervention should the nurse implement firstIdentify a command center where activities are coordinatedThe nurse is evaluating a client's symptoms, and formulates the nursing diagnosis, "high risk for injury due to possible urinary tract infection." Which symptoms indicate the need for this diagnosis?Fever and dysuria.A client is admitted with metastatic carcinoma of the liver, ascites, and bilateral 4+ pitting edema of both lower extremities. When the client complains that the antiembolic stocking are too constricting, which intervention should the nurse implementMaintain both lower extremities elevated on pillowsA client with muscular dystrophy is concerned about becoming totally dependent and is reluctant to call the nurse to assist with activities of daily living (ADLs). To achieve maximum mobility and independence, which intervention is most important for the nurse to include in the client's plan of care?Teach family proper range of motion exercises.The nurse is teaching a postmenopausal client about osteoporosis prevention. The client reports that she smokes 2 packs of cigarettes a day and takes 750 mg calcium supplements daily. What information should the nurse include when teaching this client about osteoporosis prevention?Postmenopausal women need an intake of at least 1,500 mg of calcium dailyWhen evaluating a client's rectal bleeding, which findings should the nurse document?Color characteristics of each stoolThe nurse is auscultating a client's lung sounds. Which description should the nurse use to document this sound?High pitched or fine crackles.An adult male is admitted to the emergency department after falling from a ladder. While waiting to have a computed tomography (CT) scan, he requests something for a severe headache. When the nurse offers him a prescribed does of acetaminophen, he asks for something stronger. Which intervention should the nurse implement?Explain the reason for using only non-narcotics.The nurse is managing the care of a client with Cushing's syndrome. Which interventions should the nurse delegate to the unlicensed assistive personnel (UAP)? (Select all that apply)-Weigh the client and report any weight gain. -Report any client complaint of pain or discomfort. -Note and report the client's food and liquid intake during meals and snacksTen years after a female client was diagnosed with multiple sclerosis (MS), she is admitted to a community palliative care unit. Which intervention is most important for the nurse to include in the client's plan of care?Medicate as needed for pain and anxiety.An increased number of elderly persons are electing to undergo a new surgical procedure which cures glaucoma. What effect is the nurse likely to note as a result of this increases in glaucoma surgeriesDecrease prevalence of glaucoma in the population.The nurse is caring for a client who is entering the second stage of labor. Which action should the nurse implement first?Convey to the client that birth is imminentTo evaluate the effectiveness of male client's new prescription for ezetimibe, which action should the clinic nurse implement?Remind the client to keep his appointments to have his cholesterol level checked.Diagnostic studies indicate that the elderly client has decreased bone density. In providing client teaching, which area of instruction is most important for the nurse to include?Fall prevention measuresA young adult client is admitted to the emergency room following a motor vehicle collision. The client's head hit the dashboard. Admission assessment include: Blood pressure 85/45 mm Hg, temperature 98.6 F, pulse 124 beat/minute and respirations 22 breath/minute. Based on these data, the nurse formulates the first portion of nursing diagnosis as " Risk of injury" What term best expresses the "related to" portion of nursing diagnosis?ShockAn older male client with history of diabetes mellitus, chronic gout, and osteoarthritis comes to the clinic with a bag of medication bottles. Which intervention should the nurse implement first?Identify pills in the bagA male client who was diagnosed with viral hepatitis A 4 weeks ago returns to the clinic complaining of weakness and fatigue. Which finding is most important for the nurse to report to the healthcare provider?New onset of purple skin lesions.In assessing a client twelve hours following transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP), the nurse observes that the urinary drainage tubing contains a large amount of clear pale pink urine and the continuous bladder irrigation is infusing slowly. What action should the nurse implementEnsure that no dependent loops are present in the tubing.The healthcare provider prescribes the antibiotic Cefdinir (cephalosporin) 300mg PO every 12 h for a client with postoperative wound infections. Which feeds should the nurse encourage this client to eat?Yogurt and/or buttermilk.The charge nurse is making assignment on a psychiatric unit for a practical nurse (PN) and newly license register nurse (RN). Which client should be assigned to the RN?A young male with schizophrenia who said voices is telling him to kill his psychiatric.A client at 30 week gestation is admitted due to preterm labor. A prescription of terbutaline sulfate 8.35 mg is gives subcutaneously. Based on which finding should the nurse withhold the next dose of this drug?Maternal pulse rate of 162 beats per minIn assessing an older female client with complication associated with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), the nurse notices a change in the client's appearance. Her face appears tense and she begs the nurse not to leave her alone. Her pulse rate is 100, and respirations are 26 per min. What is the primary nursing diagnosis?Anxiety related to fear of suffocation.A client with a cervical spinal cord injury (SCI) has Crutchfield tongs and skeletal traction applied as a method of closed reduction. Which intervention is most important for the nurse to include in the client's a plan of care?Provide daily care of tong insertion sites using saline and antibiotic ointmentA client arrives on the surgical floor after major abdominal surgery. What intervention should the nurse perform first?Determine the client's vital sign.A client is admitted to the emergency department with a respiratory rate of 34 breaths per minute and high pitched wheezing on inspiration and expiration, the medical diagnosis is severe exacerbation of asthma. Which assessment finding, obtained 10 min after the admission assessment, should the nurse report immediately to the emergency department healthcare provider?No wheezing upon auscultation of the chest.The nurse is planning a class for a group of clients with diabetes mellitus about blood glucose monitoring. In teaching the class as a whole, the nurse should emphasize the need to check glucose levels in which situationDuring acute illnessA 350-bed acute care hospital declares an internal disaster because the emergency generators malfunctioned during a city-wide power failure. The UAPs working on a general medical unit ask the charge nurse what they should do first. What instruction should the charge nurse provide to these UAPs?Tell all their assigned clients to stay in their rooms.The nurse is auscultating is auscultating a client's heart sounds. Which description should the nurse use to document this sound? (Please listen to the audio file to select the option that applies.murmurThe healthcare provider changes a client's medication prescription from IV to PO administration and double the dose. The nurse notes in the drug guide that the prescribed medication, when given orally, has a high first-pass effect and reduce bioavailability. What action should the nurse implement?Administer the medication via the oral route as prescribeA client refuses to ambulate, reporting abdominal discomfort and bloating caused by "too much gas buildup" the client's abdomen is distended. Which prescribed PRN medication should the nurse administer?Simethicone (MyliconThe public nurse health received funding to initiate primary prevention program in the community. Which program the best fits the nurse's proposal?Vitamin supplements for high-risk pregnant women.When assessing and adult male who presents as the community health clinic with a history of hypertension, the nurse note that he has 2+ pitting edema in both ankles. He also has a history of gastroesophageal reflex disease (GERD) and depression. Which intervention is the most important for the nurse to implement?Review the client's use of over the counter (OTC) medicationsAn older client is admitted to the intensive care unit with severe abdominal pain, abdominal distention, and absent bowel sound. The client has a history of smoking 2 packs of cigarettes daily for 50 years and is currently restless and confused. Vital signs are: temperature 96`F, heart rate 122 beats/minute, respiratory rate 36 breaths/minute, mean arterial pressure(MAP) 64 mmHg and central venous pressure (CVP) 7 mmHg. Serum laboratory findings include: hemoglobin 6.5 grams/dl, platelets 6o, 000, and white blood cell count (WBC) 3,000/mm3. Based on these findings this client is at greatest risk for which pathophysiological condition?Multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS)A man expresses concern to the nurse about the care his mother is receiving while hospitalized. He believes that her care is not based on any ethical standards and ask what type of care he should expect from a public hospital. What action should the nurse takeProvide the man and his mother with a copy of the Patient's Bill of RightsA client experiencing withdrawal from the benzodiazepines alprazolam (Xanax) is demonstrating severe agitation and tremors. What is the best initial nursing actionInitiate seizure precautionThe nurse is caring for a client who is taking a macrolide to treat a bacterial infection. Which finding should the nurse report to the healthcare provider before administering the next dose?JaundiceA client with Alzheimer's disease (AD) is receiving trazodone (Desyrel), a recently prescribed atypical antidepressant. The caregiver tells the home health nurse that the client's mood and sleep patterns are improved, but there is no change in cognitive ability. How should the nurse respond to this information?Confirm the desired effect of the medication has been achieved.A client with diabetic peripheral neuropathy has been taking pregabalin (Lyrica) for 4 days. Which finding indicates to the nurse that the medication is effective?Reduced level of painA group of nurse-managers is asked to engage in a needs assessment for a piece of equipment that will be expensed to the organization's budget. Which question is most important to consider when analyzing the cost-benefit for this piece of equipment?How many departments can use this equipment?While receiving a male postoperative client's staples de nurse observe that the client's eyes are closed and his face and hands are clenched. The client states, "I just hate having staples removed". After acknowledgement the client's anxiety, what action should the nurse implement?Attempt to distract the client with general conversationA male client is admitted for the removal of an internal fixation that was inserted for the fracture ankle. During the admission history, he tells the nurse he recently received vancomycin (vancomycin) for a methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) wound infection. Which action should the nurse take? (Select all that apply.)-Collect multiple site screening culture for MRSA -Place the client on contact transmission precautions -Continue to monitor for client sign of infection.A vacuum-assistive closure (VAC) device is being use to provide wound care for a client who has stage III pressure ulcer on a below-the- knee (BKA) residual limb. Which intervention should the nurse implement to ensure maximum effectiveness of the device?Ensure the transparent dressing has no tears that might create vacuum leakThe nurse is developing the plan of care for a client with pneumonia and includes the nursing diagnosis of "Ineffective airway clearance related to thick pulmonary secretions." Which intervention is most important for the nurse to include in the client's plan of care?Increase fluid intake to 3,000 ml/dailyThe nurse plans to collect a 24- hour urine specimen for a creatinine clearance test. Which instruction should the nurse provide to the adult male client?Urinate at specific time, discard the urine, and collect all subsequent urine during the next 24 hours.The nurse is preparing to administer a histamine 2-receptor antagonist to a client with peptic ulcer disease. What is the primary purpose of this drug classification?Decreases the amount of HCL secretion by the parietal cells in the stomachThe healthcare provider prescribes acarbose (Precose), an alpha-glucosidase inhibitor, for a client with Type 2 diabetes mellitus. Which information provides the best indicator of the drug's effectiveness?Hemoglobin A1C (HbA1C) reading less than 7%The nurse assesses a client with new onset diarrhea. It is most important for the nurse to question the client about recent use of which type of medication?AntibioticsA neonate with a congenital heart defect (CHD) is demonstrating symptoms of heart failure (HF). Which interventions should the nurse include in the infant's plan of care-Give O2 at 6 L/nasal cannula for 3 repeated oximetry screens below 90% Evaluate heart rate for effectiveness of cardio tonic medications Use high energy formula 30 calories/ounce at Q3 hours feeding via soft nipples Ensure Interrupted and frequent rest periods between procedures.The nurse is caring for a 4-year-old male child who becomes unresponsive as his heart rate decreases to 40 beats/minute. His blood pressure is 88/70 mmHg, and his oxygen saturation is 70% while receiving 100% oxygen by non-rebreather face mask. In what sequence, from first to last, should the nurse implement these actions? (Place the first action on top and last action on the bottom.)1. Start chest compressions with assisted manual ventilations 2. Administer epinephrine 0.01 mg/kg intraosseous (IO) 3. Apply pads and prepare for transthoracic pacing 4. Review the possible underlying causes for bradycardiaAn elderly male client is admitted to the mental health unit with a sudden onset of global disorientation and is continuously conversing with his mother, who died 50 years ago. The nurse reviews the multiple prescriptions he is currently taking and assesses his urine specimen, which is cloudy, dark yellow, and has foul odor. These findings suggest that his client is experiencing which condition?DeliriumFollowing an esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) a male client is drowsy and difficult to arouse, and his respiration are slow and shallow. Which action should the nurse implement? Select all that apply.-Prepare medication reversal agent Check oxygen saturation level Apply oxygen via nasal cannulaThe nurse is planning preoperative teaching plan of a 12-years old child who is scheduled for surgery. To help reduce the child anxiety, which action is the best for the nurse to implement?Provide a family tour of the preoperative unit one week before the surgery is scheduledWhich intervention should the nurse implement during the administration of vesicant chemotherapeutic agent via an IV site in the client's armAssess IV site frequently for signs of extravasationWhen development a teaching plan for a client newly diagnosed type 1 diabetes, the nurse should explain that an increase thirst is an early sing of diabetes ketoacidosis (DKA), which action should the nurse instruct the client to implement if this sign of DKA occur?Give a dose of regular insulin per sliding scaleAn adult client experiences a gasoline tank fire when riding a motorcycle and is admitted to the emergency department (ED) with full thickness burns to all surfaces of both lower extremities. What percentage of body surface area should the nurse document in the electronic medical record (EMR)?36%A client with hyperthyroidism is receiving propranolol (Inderal). Which finding indicates that the medication is having the desired effectDecrease in pulse rateAn older male client with type 2 diabetes mellitus reports that has experiences legs pain when walking short distances, and that the pain is relieved by rest. Which client behavior indicates an understanding of healthcare teaching to promote more effective arterial circulation?Completely stop cigarette/ cigar smokingA community health nurse is concerned about the spread of communicable diseases among migrant farm workers in a rural community. What action should the nurse take to promote the success of a healthcare program designed to address this problem?Establish trust with community leaders and respect cultural and family valuesThe nurse performs a prescribed neurological check at the beginning of the shift on a client who was admitted to the hospital with a subarachnoid brain attack (stroke). The client's Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) score is 9. What information is most important for the nurse to determineThe client's previous GCS scoreThe charge nurse in a critical care unit is reviewing clients' conditions to determine who is stable enough to be transferred. Which client status report indicates readiness for transfer from the critical care unit to a medical unitChronic liver failure with a hemoglobin of 10.1 and slight bilirubin elevationBased on principles of asepsis, the nurse should consider which circumstance to be sterile?An open sterile Foley catheter kit set up on a table at the nurse waist levelAn unlicensed assistive personnel (UAP) reports that a client's right hand and fingers spasms when taking the blood pressure using the same arm. After confirming the presence of spams what action should the nurse take?Review the client's serum calcium levelA 56-years-old man shares with the nurse that he is having difficulty making decision about terminating life support for his wife. What is the best initial action by the nurse?Provide an opportunity for him to clarify his values related to the decisionA client is being discharged home after being treated for heart failure (HF). What instruction should the nurse include in this client's discharge teaching plan?Weigh every morningA woman just learned that she was infected with Heliobacter pylori. Based on this finding, which health promotion practice should the nurse suggest?Encourage screening for a peptic ulceA client who recently underwear a tracheostomy is being prepared for discharge to home. Which instructions is most important for the nurse to include in the discharge planTeach tracheal suctioning techniquesA child with heart failure is receiving the diuretic furosemide (Lasix) and has serum potassium level 3.0 mEq/L. Which assessment is most important for the nurse to obtain?Cardiac rhythm and heart rateThe nurse note a depressed female client has been more withdrawn and noncommunicative during the past two weeks. Which intervention is most important to include in the updated plan of care for this client?Engage the client in a non-threatening conversation.A client with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) starts a new prescription of etanercept (Enbrel) subcutaneously once weekly. The nurse should emphasize the importance of reporting problem to the healthcare providerPersistent feverThe nurse is assessing an older adult with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Which assessment finding indicates that the client understands long- term control of diabetes?The hemoglobin A1C was 6.5g/100 ml last weeAn older male client is admitted with the medical diagnosis of possible cerebral vascular accident (CVA). He has facial paralysis and cannot move his left side. When entering the room, the nurse finds the client's wife tearful and trying unsuccessfully to give him a drink of water. What action should the nurse take?Ask the wife to stop and assess the client's swallowing reflexA 13 years-old client with non-union of a comminuted fracture of the tibia is admitted with osteomyelitis. The healthcare provider collects home aspirate specimens for culture and sensitivity and applies a cast to the adolescent's lower leg. What action should the nurse implement next?Begin parenteral antibiotic therapyThe nurse is preparing a community education program on osteoporosis. Which instruction is helpful in preventing bone loss and promoting bone formation?Recommend weigh bearing physical activityRecommend weigh bearing physical activityAdminister the analgesic as requestedA male client receives a thrombolytic medication following a myocardial infarction. When the client has a bowel movement, what action should the nurse implementSend stool sample to the lab for a guaiac testThe mother of a child with cerebral palsy (CP) ask the nurse if her child's impaired movements will worsen as the child grows. Which response provides the best explanation?Brain damage with CP is not progressive but does have a variable courseDuring shift report, the central electrocardiogram (EKG) monitoring system alarms. Which client alarm should the nurse investigate firstRespiratory apnea of 30 secondsIn early septic shock states, what is the primary cause of hypotension?Peripheral vasodilationA client diagnosed with calcium kidney stones has a history of gout. A new prescription for aluminum hydroxide (Amphogel) is scheduled to begin at 0730. Which client medication should the nurse bring to the healthcare provider's attention?Allopurinol (Zyloprim)A male client's laboratory results include a platelet count of 105,000/ mm3 Based on this finding the nurse should include which action in the client's plan of care?Encourage him to use an electric razorA client is admitted to the hospital after experiencing a brain attack, commonly referred to as a stroke or cerebral vascular accident (CVA). The nurse should request a referral for speech therapy if the client exhibits which finding?Persistent coughing while drinkingAt 1615, prior to ambulating a postoperative client for the first time, the nurse reviews the client's medical record. Based on date contained in the record, what action should the nurse take before assisting the client with ambulation:Remove sequential compression devices.Which assessment finding for a client who is experiencing pontine myelinolysis should the nurse report to the healthcare providerSudden dysphagiaA client is scheduled to receive an IW dose of ondansetron (Zofran) eight hours after receiving chemotherapy. The client has saline lock and is sleeping quietly without any restlessness. The nurse caring for the client is not certified in chemotherapy administration. What action should the nurse take?Administer the Zofran after flushing the saline lock with salineWhen providing diet teaching for a client with cholecystitis, which types of food choices the nurse recommend to the client?low fatA client with a history of cirrhosis and alcoholism is admitted with severe dyspnea and ascites. Which assessment finding warrants immediate intervention by the nurseMuffled heart soundsA client with a history of dementia has become increasingly confused at night and is picking at an abdominal surgical dressing and the tape securing the intravenous (IV) line. The abdominal dressing is no longer occlusive, and the IV insertion site is pink. What intervention should the nurse implement?Redress the abdominal incisioWhen entering a client's room, the nurse discovers that the client is unresponsive and pulseless. The nurse initiate CPR and Calls for assistance. Which action should the nurse take next?Place cardiac monitor leads on the client's chest.An adult male client is admitted to the emergency room following an automobile collision in which he sustained a head injury. What assessment data would provide the earliest that the client is experiencing increased intracranial pressure (ICP)?LethargyIn preparing a diabetes education program, which goal should the nurse identify as the primary emphasis for a class on diabetes self-management?Enable clients to become active participating in controlling the disease processTo reduce staff nurse role ambiguity, which strategy should the nurse manager implemented?Review the staff nurse job description to ensure that it is clear, accurate, and recurrent.The nurse is assisting a new mother with infant feeding. Which information should the nurse provide that is most likely to result in a decrease milk supply for the mother who is breastfeeding?Supplemental feedings with formulaWhich assessment is more important for the nurse to include in the daily plan of care for a client with a burned extremityDistal pulse intensityWhen assessing a 6-month old infant, the nurse determines that the anterior fontanel is bulging. In which situation would this finding be most significant?Sitting upright.An elderly client with degenerative joint disease asks if she should use the rubber jar openers that are available. The nurse's response should be based on which information about assistive devices?They decrease the risk for joint traumaA client with angina pectoris is being discharge from the hospital. What instruction should the nurse plan to include in this discharge teaching?Avoid all isometric exercises, but walk regularlyWhat is the priority nursing action when initiating morphine therapy via an intravenous patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) pump?Initiate the dosage lockout mechanism on the PCA pumpThe fire alarm goes off while the charge nurse is receiving the shift report. What action should the charge nurse implement first?Tell the staff to keep all clients and visitors in the client rooms with the doors closedWhile undergoing hemodialysis, a male client suddenly complains of dizziness. He is alert and oriented, but his skin is cool and clammy. His vital signs are: heart rate 128 beats/minute, respirations 18 breaths/minute, and blood pressure 90/60. Which intervention should the nurse implement first?Raise the client's legs and feetThe nurse receives a newborn within the first minutes after a vaginal delivery and intervenes to establish adequate respirations. What priority issue should the nurse address to ensure the newborn's survival?Heat lossThe nurse working in the psychiatric clinic has phone messages from several clients. Which call should the nurse return first?A family member of a client with dementia who has been missing for five hoursA 60-year-old female client asks the nurse about hormones replacement therapy (HRT) as a means preventing osteoporosis. Which factor in the client's history is a possible contraindication for the use of HRT?Her mother and sister have a history of breast cancerA male client, who is 24 hours postoperative for an exploratory laparotomy, complains that he is "starving" because he has had no "real food" since before the surgery. Prior to advancing his diet, which intervention should the nurse implement?Auscultate bowel sounds in all four quadrantsA mother brings her 3-year-old son to the emergency room and tells the nurse the he has had an upper respiratory infection for the past two days. Assessment of the child reveals a rectal temperature of 102 F. he is drooling and becoming increasingly more restless. What action should the nurse take first?Notify the healthcare provider and obtain a tracheostomy trayDuring change of shift, the nurse reports that a male client who had abdominal surgery yesterday increasingly confused and disoriented during the night. He wandered into other clients rooms, saying that there are men in his room trying to hurt him. Because of continuing disorientation and the client's multiple attempts to get of bed, soft restrains were applied at 0400. In what order should the nurse who is receiving report implement these interventions? (Arrange from first action on top to last on the bottom)1. Assess the client's skin and circulation for impairment related to the restrains 2. Evaluate the client's mentation to determine need to continue the restrains 3. Assign unlicensed assistive personnel to remove restrains and remain with client 4. Contact the client's surgeon and primary healthcare provideAfter receiving the first dose of penicillin, the client begins wheezing and has trouble breathing. The nurse notifies the healthcare provider immediately and received several prescriptions. Which medication prescription should the nurse administer firstEpinephrine Injection, USP IVA client receives a new prescription for simvastatin (Zocor) 5 mg PO daily at bedtime. What action should the nurse take?Administer the medication as prescribed with a glass of waterTwo clients ring their call bells simultaneously requesting pain medication. What action should the nurse implement firstEvaluate both client's pain using a standardized pain scaleWhich client should the nurse assess frequently because of the risk for overflow incontinence? A clientWho is confused and frequently forgets to go to the bathroomThe mother of the 12- month-old with cystic fibrosis reports that her child is experiencing increasing congestion despite the use of chest physical therapy (CPT) twice a day, and has also experiences a loss of appetite. What instruction should the nurse provide?CPT should be performed more frequently, but at least an hour before meals.While monitoring a client during a seizure, which interventions should the nurse implement? (Select all that applyMove obstacle away from client Monitor physical movements Observe for a patent airway Record the duration of the seizureA male client with a long history of alcoholism is admitted because of mild confusion and fine motor tremors. He reports that he quit drinking alcohol and stopped smoking cigarettes one month ago after his brother died of lung cancer. Which intervention is most important for the nurses to include in the client's plan of care?Observe for changes in level of consciousness.An older adult female admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) with a possible stroke is intubated with ventilator setting of tidal volume 600, PlO2 40%, and respiratory rate of 12 breaths/minute. The arterial blood gas (ABG) results after intubation are PH 7.31. PaCO2 60, PaO2 104, SPO2 98%, HCO3 23. To normalize the client's ABG finding, which action is required?Increase ventilator rate.The nurse is evaluating the diet teaching of a client with hypertension. What dinner selection indicates that the client understands the dietary recommendation for hypertension?Baked pork chop, applesauce, corn on the cob, 2% milk, and key-lime pieWhich problem reported by a client taking lovastatin requires the most immediate fallow up by the nurse?Muscle painA client with type 2 diabetes mellitus is admitted for frequent hyperglycemic episodes and a glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) of 10%. Insulin glargine 10 units subcutaneously once a day at bedtime and a sliding scale with insulin aspart q6h are prescribed. What action should the nurse include in this client's plan of careFingerstick glucose assessment q6h with meals Review with the client proper foot care and prevention of injury Coordinate carbohydrate controlled meals at consistent times and intervals Teach subcutaneous injection technique, site rotation and insulin managementBefore leaving the room of a confused client, the nurse notes that a half bow knot was used to attach the client's wrist restraints to the movable portion of the client's bed frame. What action should the nurse take before leaving the room?Ensure that the knot can be quickly released.While assessing a client's chest tube (CT), the nurse discovers bubbling in the water seal chamber of the chest tube collection device. The client's vital signs are: blood pressure of 80/40 mmHg, heart rate 120 beats/minutes, respiratory rate 32 breaths/minutes, oxygen saturation 88%. Which interventions should the nurse implement?Provide supplemental oxygen Auscultate bilateral lung fields Reinforce occlusive CT dressingOral antibiotics are prescribed for an 18-month-old toddler with severe otitis media. An antipyrine and benzocaine-otic also prescribed for pain and inflammation. What instruction should the nurse emphasize concerning the installation of the antipyrine/ benzocaine otic solution?Have the child lie with the ear up for one to two minute after installation.An older adult male is admitted with complications related to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). He reports progressive dyspnea that worsens on exertion and his weakness has increased over the past month. The nurse notes that he has dependent edema in both lower legs. Based on these assessment findings, which dietary instruction should the nurse provide?Restrict daily fluid intake.The nurse inserts an indwelling urinary catheter as seen in the video what action should the nurse take next?Leave the catheter in place and obtain a sterile catheter.A client with coronary artery disease who is experiencing syncopal episodes is admitted for an electrophysiology study (EPS) and possible cardiac ablation therapy. Which intervention should the nurse delegate to the unlicensed assistive personnel (UAP)?Prepare the skin for procedure.Fallowing an outbreak of measles involving 5 students in an elementary school, which action is most important for the school nurse to take?Restrict unvaccinated children from attending school until measles outbreak is resolved.A preeclamptic client who delivered 24h ago remains in the labor and delivery recovery room. She continues to receive magnesium sulfate at 2 grams per hour. Her total input is limited to 125 ml per hour, and her urinary output for the last hour was 850 ml. What intervention should the nurse implement?Continue with the plan of care for this clientThe nurse is planning care for a client who admits having suicidal thoughts. Which client behavior indicates the highest risk for the client acting on these suicidal thoughts?Begin to show signs of improvement in affectWhen assessing a multigravida the first postpartum day, the nurse finds a moderate amount of lochia rubra, with the uterus firm, and three fingerbreadths above the umbilicus. What action should the nurse implement first?Check for a distended bladderA 12 year old client who had an appendectomy two days ago is receiving 0.9% normal saline at 50 ml/hour. The client's urine specific gravity is 1.035. What action should the nurse implement?Encourage popsicles and fluids of choiceAn older male client arrives at the clinic complaining that his bladder always feels full. He complains of weak urine flow, frequent dribbling after voiding, and increasing nocturia with difficulty initiating his urine stream. Which action should the nurse implement?Palpate the client's suprapubic area for distentionThe nurse is preparing to administer 1.6 ml of medication IM to a 4 month old infant. Which action should the nurse include?Divide the medication into two injection with volumes under 1mlA client who had a below the knee amputation is experiencing severe phantom limb pain (PLP) and ask the nurse if mirror therapy will make the pain stop. Which response by the nurse is likely to be most helpful?Research indicates that mirror therapy is effective in reducing phantom limb painAn older adult client with heart failure (HF) develops cardiac tamponade. The client has muffled, distant, heart sounds, and is anxious and restless. After initiating oxygen therapy and IV hydration, which intervention is most important for the nurse to implement?Notify healthcare provider to prepare for pericardiocentesisA new member joins the nursing team spreads books on the table, puts items on two chairs, and sits on a third chair. The members of the group are forced to move closer and remove their possessions from the table what action should the nurse leader take?Ask the new person to move belonging to accommodate othersIn monitoring tissue perfusion in a client following an above the knee amputation (aka), which action should the nurse include in the plan of care?Evaluate closet proximal pulse.The nurse is caring for a one week old infant who has a ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt that was placed 2 days after birth. Which findings are an indication of a postoperative complication?Poor feeding and vomiting Leakage of CSF from the incisional site Abdominal distentionThe nurse is preparing a heparin bolus dose of 80 units/kg for a client who weighs 220 pounds. Heparin sodium injection, USP is available in a 3o ml multidose vial with the concentration of 1,000 USP units/ml. how many ml of heparin should the nurse administer? (Enter numeric value only)8 Calculate the client's weigh in kg: 220 pounds divides by 2.2 pounds/kg ꞊100 kg Calculate the client's dose, 80 units x 100 kg ꞊ 8,000 units Use the formula, D / H X Q ꞊ 8,000 units / 1,000 units x 1ml ꞊ 8A client who underwent an uncomplicated gastric bypass surgery is having difficult with diet management. What dietary instruction is most important for the nurse to explain to the client?Plan volume-controlled evenly-space meal thorough the dayThe leg of a client who is receiving hospice care have become mottled in appearance. When the nurse observes the unlicensed assistive personal (UAP) place a heating pad on the mottled areas, what action should the nurse takeRemove the heating pads and place a soft blanket over the client's leg and feet.If the nurse is initiating IV fluid replacement for a child who has dry, sticky mucous membranes, flushed skin, and fever of 103.6 F. Laboratory finding indicate that the child has a sodium concentration of 156 mEq/L. What physiologic mechanism contributes to this findingInsensible loss of body fluids contributes to the hemoconcentration of serum solutesThe nurse is preparing a discharge teaching plan for a client who had a liver transplant. Which instruction is most important to include in this plan?Avoid crowds for first two months after surgery.During a Woman's Health fair, which assignment is the best for the Practical Nurse (PN) who is working with a register nurse (RN)Prepare a woman for a bone density screeningAn adult client present to the clinic with large draining ulcers on both lower legs that are characteristics of Kaposi's sarcoma lesions. The client is accompanied by two family member. Which action should the nurse takeSend family to the waiting area while the client's history is takingAn adult client is exhibit the maniac stage of bipolar disorder is admitted to the psychiatric unit. The client has lost 10 pounds in the last two weeks and has no bathed in a week "I'm trying to start a new business and "I'm too busy to eat". The client is oriented to time, place, person but not situation. Which nursing problem has the greatest priority?Imbalance nutritionA client who had a percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) two weeks ago returns to the clinic for a follow up visit. The client has a postoperative ejection fraction ejection fraction of 30%. Today the client has lungs which are clear, +1 pedal edema, and a 5pound weight gain. Which intervention the nurse implement?Assess compliance with routine prescriptions.The nurse is assessing a client's nailbeds. Witch appearance indicates further follow-up is needed for problems associated with chronic hypoxia?clubbingThe RN is assigned to care for four surgical clients. After receiving report, which client should the nurse see first? The client who isThree days postoperative colon resection receiving transfusion of packed RBCs.The nurse is preparing an older client for discharge following cataract extraction. Which instruction should be include in the discharge teaching?Avoid straining at stool, bending, or lifting heavy objectsThe nurse is preparing a 4-day-old I infant with a serum bilirubin level of 19 mg/dl (325 micromol/L) for discharge from the hospital. When teaching the parents about home phototherapy, which instruction should the nurse include in the discharge teaching planReposition the infant every 2 hours.The healthcare provider prescribes potassium chloride 25 mEq in 500 ml D_5W to infuse over 6 hours. The available 20 ml vial of potassium chloride is labeled, "10 mEq/5ml." how many ml of potassium chloride should the nurse add the IV fluid? (Enter numeric value only. If is rounding is required, round to the nearest tenth.12.5 Rationale: Using the formula D / H X Q: 25 mEq / 10 mEq x 5ml ꞊12.5mlAt 40 week gestation, a laboring client who is lying is a supine position tells the nurse that she has finally found a comfortable position. What action should the nurse takePlace a wedge under the client's right hipA client with a history of diabetes and coronary artery disease is admitted with shortness of breath, anxiety, and confusion. The client's blood pressure is 80/60 mmHg, heart rate 120 beats/minute with audible third and fourth heart sounds, and bibasilar crackles. The client's average urinary output is 5 ml/hour. Normal saline is infusing at 124 ml/hour with a secondary infusion of dopamine at mcg/kg/minute per infusion pump. With intervention should the nurse implement?Titrate the dopamine infusion to raise the BP.The nurse ends the assessment of a client by performing a mental status exam. Which statement correctly describes the purpose of the mental status examEvaluate the client's mood, cognition and orientation.An older adult resident of a long-term care facility has a 5-year history of hypertension. The client has a headache and rate the pain 5 on a pain scale 0 to 10. The client's blood pressure is currently 142/89. Which interventions should the nurse implement? (Select all that apply)Administer a daily dose of lisinopril as scheduled Provide a PRN dose of acetaminophen for headachWhen conducting diet teaching for a client who is on a postoperative soft diet, which foods should eat? (Select all that apply)Pasta, noodles, rice. Egg, tofu, ground meat. Mashed, potatoes, pudding, milk.When planning care for a client with acute pancreatitis, which nursing intervention has the highest priority?Withhold food and fluid intakeA client exposed to tuberculosis is scheduled to begin prophylactic treatment with isoniazid. Which information is most important for the nurse to note before administering the initial dose?Current diagnosis of hepatitis BAssessment by the home health nurse of an older client who lives alone indicates that client has chronic constipations. Daily medications include furosemide for hypertension and heart failure and laxatives. To manage the client's constipation, which suggestions should the nurse provide? (Select all that apply)Include oatmeal with stewed pruned for breakfast as often as possible. Increase fluid intake by keeping water glass next to recliner. Recommend seeking help with regular shopping and meal preparation.A young boy who is in a chronic vegetative state and living at home is readmitted to the hospital with pneumonia and pressure ulcers. The mother insists that she is capable of caring for her son and which action should the nurse implement next?Determine the mother's basic skill level in providing careAfter the risk and benefits of having a cardiac catheterization are reviewed by the healthcare provider, an older adult with unstable angina is scheduled for the procedure. When the nurse presents the consent form for signature, the client asks how the wires will keep a heart heating during the procedure. What action should the nurse takeify the healthcare provider of the client's lack of understanding.In assessing a client at 34-weeks' gestation, the nurse notes that she has a slightly elevated total T4 with a slightly enlarged thyroid, a hematocrit of 28%, a heart rate of 92 beats per minute, and a systolic murmur. Which finding requires follow-upHematocrit of 28%A client with osteoporosis related to long-term corticosteroid therapy receives a prescription for calcium carbonate. Which client's serum laboratory values requires intervention by the nurseCreatinine 4 mg/dl (354 micromol/L SIA clinical trial is recommended for a client with metastatic breast cancer, but she refuses to participate and tells her family that she does not wish to have further treatments. The client's son and daughter ask the nurse to try and convince their mother to reconsider this decision. How should the nurse respond?Explore the client's decision to refuse treatment and offer supportAn adult client with severe depression was admitted to the psychiatric unit yesterday evening. Although the client ran one year ago, his spouse states that the client no longer runs, bur sits and watches television most of the day. Which is most important for the nurse to include in this client's plan of care for today?Assist client in identifying goals for the day.An adult who is 5 feet 5 inches (165.1 cm) tall and weighs 90 lb. (40.8 Kg) is admitted with a diagnosis of chronic anorexia. The client receives a regular diet for 2 days, and the client's medical records indicates that 100% of the diet provided has been consumed. However the client's weight on the third day morning after admission is 89 lb. (40.4 Kg). What action should the nurse implement?Assign staff to monitor what the client eats.During a routine clinic visit, an older female adult tells the nurse that she is concerned that the flu season is coming soon, but is reluctant to obtain the vaccination. What action should the nurse take first?Discuss the concerns expressed by the client about the vaccinationThe nurse walks into a client's room and notices bright red blood on the sheets and on the floor by the IV pole. Which action should the nurse take firstIdentify the source and amount of bleeding.A client is admitted with acute pancreatitis. The client admits to drinking a pint of bourbon daily. The nurse medicates the client for pain and monitors vital signs q2 hours. Which finding should the nurse report immediately to the healthcare providerConfusion and tremorFollowing and gunshot wound, an adult client a hemoglobin level of 4 grams/dl (40 mmol/L SI). The nurse prepares to administer a unit of blood for an emergency transfusion. The client has AB negative blood type and the blood bank sends a unit of type A Rh negative, reporting that there is not type AB negative blood currently available. Which intervention should the nurse implementTransfuse Type A negative blood until type AB negative is availableThe nurse is teaching a mother of a newborn with a cleft lip how to bottle feed her baby using medela haberman feeder, which has a valve to control the release of milk and a slit nipple opening. The nurse discusses placing the nipple's elongated tip in the back of the oral cavity. What instructions should the nurse provide the mother about feedings?Hold the newborn in an upright positionA young adult female college student visits the health clinic in early winter to obtain birth control pills. The clinic nurse asks if the student has received an influenza vaccination. The student stated she did not receive vaccination because she has asthma. How should the nurse respond?Offer to provide the influenza vaccination to the student while she is at the clinicA client with eczema is experiencing severe pruritus. Which PRN prescriptions should the nurse administer? (Select all that apply)Topical corticosteroid Oral antihistamineAn adult male was diagnosed with stage IV lung cancer three weeks ago. His wife approaches the nurse and asks how she will know that her husband's death is imminent because their two adult children want to be there when he dies. What is the best response by the nurse?Explain that the client will start to lose consciousness and his body system will slow downThe nurse is using a straight urinary catheter kit to collect a sterile urine specimen from a female client. After positioning am prepping this client, rank the actions in the sequence they should be implemented. (Place to first action on the top on the last action on the bottom.)Correct : ODCP 1. Open the sterile catheter kit close to the client's perineum. 2. Don sterile gloves and prepare to sterile field 3. Cleanse the urinary meatus using the solution, swabs, and forceps provided 4. Place distal end of the catheter in sterile specimen cup and insert catheter into meatusWhen should intimate partner violence (IPV) screening occur?As a routine part of each healthcare encounterA child newly diagnosed with sickle cell anemia (SCA) is being discharged from the hospital. Which information is most important for the nurse to provide the parents prior to discharge?Instructions about how much fluid the child should drink dailyWhat action should the school nurse implement to provide secondary prevention to a school-age children?Initiate a hearing and vision screening program for first-graderWhile making rounds, the charge nurse notices that a young adult client with asthma who was admitted yesterday is sitting on the side of the bed and leaning over the bed-side-table. The client is currently receiving at 2 litters/minute via nasal cannula. The client is wheezing and is using pursed-lip breathing. Which intervention should the nurse implement?Administer a nebulizer TreatmentWhile assisting a client who recently had a hip replacement into a bed pan, the nurse notices that there is a small amount of bloody drainage on the surgical dressing, the client's skin is warm to the touch, and there is a strong odor from the urine. Which action should the nurse take?Measure the client's oral temperatureA client is admitted to a medical unit with the diagnosis of gastritis and chronic heavy alcohol abuse. What should the nurse administered to prevent the development of Wernicke's syndrome?Thiamine (Vitamin B1)A client with emphysema is being discharged from the hospital. The nurse enters the client's room to complete discharge teaching. The client reports feeling a little short of breath and is anxious about going home. What is the best course of action?Provide only necessary information in short, simple explanations with written instructions to take homeAn older adult male who had an abdominal cholecystectomy has become increasingly confused and disoriented over the past 24 hours. He is found wandering into another client's room and is return to his room by the unlicensed assistive personnel (UAP). What actions should the nurse take? (Select all that apply).Report mental status change to the healthcare provider Assess the client's breath sounds and oxygen saturation Review the client's most recent serum electrolyte valuesThe nurse instructs an unlicensed assistive personnel (UAP) to turn an immobilized elderly client with an indwelling urinary catheter every two hours. What additional action should the nurse instruct the UAP to take each time the client is turned?Offer the client oral fluidsWhen conducting diet teaching for a client who was diagnosed with nutritional anemia in pregnancy, which foods should the nurse encourage the client to eat? (Select all that apply)-Fortified whole wheat cereals, whole-grain pasta, brown rice Spinach, kale, dried raisins and apricotsA client with type 2 diabetes mellitus is admitted for antibiotic treatment for a leg ulcer. To monitor the client for the onset of hyperosmolar hyperglycemic nonketotic syndrome (HHNS), what actions should the nurse take? (Select all that apply)Measure blood glucose Monitor vital signs Assessed level of consciousnessAn infant is receiving penicillin G procaine 220,000 units IM. The drug is supplied as 600,000 units/ml. How many ml should the nurse administer? (Enter numeric value only. If rounding is required, round to the nearest tenth)0.4 Rationale: Calsulate using the formula, desired dose (220,000 units) over dose on hand (600,000 units) x the volume of the available dose (1 ml). 220,000 / 600,000 x 1 ml = 0.36 = 0.4 mlAfter receiving report, the nurse can most safely plan to assess which client last? The client with...No postoperative drainage in the Jackson-Pratt drain with the bulb compressedA client who is admitted to the intensive care unit with syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone (SIADH) has developed osmotic demyelination. Which intervention should the nurse implement first?Evaluate swallowThe nurse is preparing a client who had a below-the-knee (BKA) amputation for discharge to home. Which recommendations should the nurse provide this client? (Select all that apply)Inspect skin for redness Use a residual limb shrinker Wash the stump with soap and waterWhen assessing the surgical dressing of a client who had abdominal surgery the previous day, the nurse observes that a small amount of drainage is present on the dressing and the wound's Hemovac suction device is empty with the plug open. How should the nurse respond?Recompress the wound suction device and secure to plugA mother brings her 4-month-old son to the clinic with a quarter taped over his umbilicus, and tells the nurse the quarter is supposed to fix her child's hernia. Which explanations should the nurse provide?This hernia is a normal variation that resolves without treatment.A client with possible acute kidney injury (AKI) is admitted to the hospital and mannitol is prescribed as a fluid challenge. Prior to carrying out this prescription, what intervention should the nurse implement?Obtain vital signs and breath sounds.A 6 -years-old who has asthma is demonstrating a prolonged expiratory phase and wheezing, and has 35% personal best peak expiratory flow rate (PEFR). Based on these finding, which action should the nurse implement first?Administer a prescribed bronchodilator.A male client with COPD smokes two packs of cigarettes per day and is admitted to the hospital for a respiratory infection. He complains that he has trouble controlling respiratory distress at home when using his rescue inhaler. Which comment from the client indicates to the nurse that he is not using his inhaler properly"After I squeeze the inhaler and swallow, I always feel a slight wave of nausea, bit it goes away"A nurse is planning to teach infant care and preventive measures for sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) to a group of new parents. What information is most important for the nurse to include?Ensure that the infant's crib mattress is firmWhen administering an immunization in an adult client, the nurse palpates and administer the injection one inch below the acromion process into the center of the muscle mass. The nurse should document that the vaccine was administered at what siteDeltoidA client is receiving lactulose (Portalac) for signs of hepatic encephalopathy. To evaluate the client's therapeutic response to this medication, which assessment should the nurse obtain?Level of consciousnessA female nurse who took drugs from the unit for personal use was temporarily released from duty. After completion of mandatory counseling, the nurse has asked administration to allow her to return to work. When the nurse administrator approaches the charge nurse with the impaired nurse request, which action is best for the charge nurse to take?Allow the impaired nurse to return to work and monitor medication administrationA primigravida a 40-weeks gestation with preeclampsia is admitted after having a seizure in the hot tub at a midwife's birthing center. Based on documentation in the medical record, which action should the nurse implement? (Click on each chart tab for additional information. Please be sure to scroll to the bottom right corner of each tab to view all information contained in the client's medical record.)Continue to monitor the client's blood pressure hourlyIn making client care assignment, which client is best to assign to the practical nurse (PN) working on the unit with the nurse?An immobile client receiving low molecular weight heparin q12 h.A low-risk primigravida at 28-weeks gestation arrives for her regular antepartal clinic visit. Which assessment finding should the nurse consider within normal limits for this client?Pulse increase of 10 beats/minuteA client who is admitted to the intensive care unit with a right chest tube attached to a THORA-SEAL chest drainage unit becomes increasingly anxious and complain of difficulty breathing. The nurse determine the client is tachypneic with absent breath sounds in the client's right lungs fields. Which additional finding indicates that the client has developed a tension pneumothorax?Tracheal deviation toward the left lung.A client with chronic alcoholism is admitted with a decreased serum magnesium level. Which snack option should the nurse recommend to this client?Dry roasted almonds.The nurse discovers that an elderly client with no history of cardiac or renal disease has an elevated serum magnesium level. To further investigate the cause of this electrolyte imbalance, what information is most important for the nurse to obtain from the client's medical history?Frequency of laxative use for chronic constipationWhich action should the nurse implement with auscultating anterior breath sounds? (Place the first action on top and last action on the bottom)Correct order: (PADD) 1. Place stethoscope in suprasternal area to auscultate for bronchial sounds 2. Auscultate bronchovesicular sounds from side to side the first and second intercostal spaces 3. Displace female breast tissue and apply stethoscope directly on chest wall to hear vesicular sounds 4. Document normal breath sounds and location of adventitious breath soundsThe nurse is preparing a teaching plan for an older female client diagnosed with osteoporosis. What expected outcome has the highest priority for this client?Names 3 home safety hazards to be resolve immediatelyThe nurse is teaching a male adolescent recently diagnosed with type 1 diabetes mellitus (DM) about self-injecting insulin. Which approach is best for the nurse to use to evaluate do you effectiveness of the teaching?Observe him as he demonstrates self-injection technique in another diabetic adolescentA mother runs into the emergency department with s toddler in her arms and tells the nurse that her child got into some cleaning products. The child smells of chemicals on hands, face, and on the front of the child's clothes. After ensuring the airway is patent, what action should the nurse implement first?Determine type of chemical exposure.A young adult woman visits the clinic and learns that she is positive for BRCA1 gene mutation and asks the nurse what to expect next. How should the nurse respond?Explain that counseling will be provided to give her information about her cancer riskThe nurse assigned unlicensed assistive personnel (UAP) to apply antiembolism stockings to a client. The nurse and UAP enters the room, the nurse observes the stockings that were applying by the UAP. The UAP states that the client requested application of the stockings as seen on the picture, for increased comfort. What action should the nurse take?Discussed effective use of the stockings with the client on UATo prevent infection by auto contamination during the acute phase of recovery from multiple burns, which intervention is most important for the nurse to implement?Dress each wound separately.Nurses working on a surgical unit are concerned about the physicians treatment of clients during invasive procedures, such as dressing changes and insertion of IV lines. Clients are often crying during the procedures, and the physician is usually unconcerned or annoyed by the client's response. To resolve this problem, what actions should the nurses take? (Arrange from the first action on the top of the list on the bottom)1. Talk to the physician as a group in a non-confrontational manner. 2. Document concerns and report them to the charge nurse. 3. Submit a written report to the director of nursing. 4. Contact the hospital's chief of medical services. 5. File a formal complaint with the state medical board.While changing a client's chest tube dressing, the nurse notes a crackling sensation when gentle pressure is applied to the skin at the insertion site. What is the best action for the nurse to take?Measure the area of swelling and crackling.A client with arthritis has been receiving treatment with naproxen and now reports ongoing stomach pain, increasing weakness, and fatigue. Which laboratory test should the nurse monitorHemoglobinThe nurse is preparing an intravenous (IV) fluid infusion using an IV pump. Within 30 seconds of turning on the machine, the pump's alarm beeps "occlusion". What action should the nurse implement first?Determine if the clamp on the IV tubing is releasedThe nurse assesses a child in 90-90 traction. Where should did nurse assess for signs of compartment syndrome?Toes Rationale: compartment syndrome is the result of swelling and subsequent reduction in circulation to the area distal to the compartment. This can be a complication of traumatic injury and cast administration, so it is important to assess circulation distal to the casted prolonged capillary refill.After receiving the Braden scale findings of residents at a long-term facility, the charge nurse should to tell the unlicensed assistive personnel (UAP) to prioritize the skin care for which client?An older man whose sheets are damped each time he is turned.A nurse working on an endocrine unit should see which client first?A client taking corticosteroids who has become disoriented in the last two hours.A client with acute renal failure (ARF) is admitted for uncontrolled type 1 diabetes Mellitus and hyperkalemia. The nurse administers an IV dose of regular insulin per sliding scale. Which intervention is the most important for the nurse to include in this client's plan of care?Monitor the client's cardiac activity via telemetry.A client with C-6 spinal cord injury rehabilitation. In the middle of the night the client reports a severe, pounding headache, and has observable piloerection or "goosebumps". The nurse should asses for which triggerA client with C-6 spinal cord injury rehabilitation. In the middle of the night the client reports a severe, pounding headache, and has observable piloerection or "goosebumps". The nurse should asses for which triggerFour hours after surgery, a client reports nausea and begins to vomit. The nurse notes that the client has a scopolamine transdermal patch applied behind the ear. What action should the nurse takeNotify the healthcare provider of the vomiting.A client is receiving and oral antibiotic suspension labeled 250 mg/2ml. The healthcare provider prescribes 200mg every 6 hours. How many ml should the nurse administer at each dose? (Enter numerical value only. If rounding is required, round to the nearest tenth)Answer: 1.6 Rational: using the formula D/H x Q 200mg/250 mg x 2ml = 200/250 = 1.6 mlThe nurse identifies an electrolyte imbalance, an elevated pulse rate, and elevated BP for a client with chronic kidney disease. Which is the most important action for the nurse to take?Auscultate for irregular heart rate.A client with persistent low back pain has received a prescription for electronic stimulator (TENS) unit. After the nurse applies the electrodes and turns on the power, the client reports feeling a tingling sensation. How should the nurse respond?Determine if the sensation feels uncomfortable.A female client is extremely anxious after being informed that her mammogram was abnormal and needs to be repeated. Client is tearful and tells the nurse her mother died of breast cancer. What action should the nurse take?Encourage the client to continue expressing her fears and concerns.The charge nurse is planning for the shift and has a registered nurse (RN) and a practical nurse (PN) on the team. Which client should the charge nurse assign to the RN?A 30 year old depressed client who admits to suicide ideationThe psychiatric nurse is talking to a newly admitted client when a male client diagnosed with antisocial behavior intrudes on the conversation and tells the nurse, "I have to talk to you right now! It is very important!" how should the nurse respond to this client?Inform him that the nurse is busy admitting a new client and will talk to him later.A female client presents in the Emergency Department and tells the nurse that she was raped last night. Which question is most important for the nurse to ask?Has she taken a bath since the raped occurred?A client who is experiencing musculoskeletal pain receives a prescription for ketorolac 15mg IM q6 hours. The medication is depended in a 39mg/ml pre-filled syringe. Which action should the nurse implement when giving the medication?Waste 0.5 ml from the pre-filled syringe and inject the medication in the ventrogluteal siteWhile caring for a client's postoperative dressing, the nurse observes purulent drainage at the wound. Before reporting this finding to the healthcare provider, the nurse should review which of the client's laboratory values?Culture for sensitive organisms.The nurse is demonstrating correct transfer procedures to the unlicensed assisted personnel (UAP) working on a rehabilitation unit. The UAPs ask the nurse how to safely move a physically disabled client from the wheelchair to a bed. What action should the nurse recommended?Place a client's locked wheelchair on the client's strong side next to the bed.A client with a lower respiratory tract infection receives a prescription for ciprofloxacin 500mg PO q 12 hours. When the client request an afternoon snack, which dietary choice should the nurse provide?Cinnamon applesauceThe healthcare provider prescribes a low-fiber diet for a client with ulcerative colitis. Which food selection would indicate to the nurse the client understands they prescribed diet?Roasted turkey canned vegetableAn adult client with schizophrenia begin treatment three days ago with the Antipsychotic risperidone. The client also received prescription for trazodone as needed for sleep and clonazepam as needed for severe anxiety. When the client reports difficulty with swallowing, what action should the nurse take?Obtain a prescription for an anticholinergic medicationOne year after being discharged from the burn trauma unit, a client with a history of 40% full-thickness burns is admitted with bone pain and muscle weakness. Which intervention should the nurse include in the clients plan of careTeach need for dietary and supplementary vitamin D3When teaching a group of school-age children how to reduce the risk of Lyme disease which instruction should the camp nurse includeWear long sleeves and pantsA native-American male client diagnosed with pneumonia, states that in addition to his prescribed medical treatment of IV antibiotics he wishes to have a spiritual cleaning performed. Which outcome statement indicates that the best plan of care was followed?Participated actively in all treatments regimensA young adult female presents at the emergency center with acute lower abdominal pain. Which assessment finding is most important for the nurse to report to the healthcare provider?Last menstrual period was 7 weeks agoA male client with cancer is admired to the oncology unit and tells the nurse that he is in the hospital for palliative care measures. The nurse notes that the client's admission prescription include radiation therapy. What action should the nurse implement?Ask the client about his expected goals for the hospitalizationA client with myasthenia Gravis (MG) is receiving immunosuppressive therapy. Review recent laboratory test results show that the client's serum magnesium level has decreased below the normal range. In addition to contacting the healthcare provider, what nursing action is most important?Observe rhythm on telemetry monitorThe nurse is assessing a postpartum client who is 36 hours post-delivery. Which finding should the nurse report to the healthcare provider?Oral temperature of 100.6 FA 154 pound client with diabetic ketoacidosis is receiving an IV of normal saline 100 ML with regular insulin 100 units. The healthcare provider prescribes a rate of 0.1 units/kg/hour. To deliver the correct dosage, the nurse should set the infusion pump to Infuse how many ml/hour? enter numeric value only7 Rationale: Convert the client's weight to kg, 2.2 pound: 1 kg:: 154 pounds: x kg = 154/2.2 = 70kg. Calculate the client infusion rate, 0.1 x 70 kg = 7 units/hour. Using the formula, D/H x Q = 7 units/hour / 100 units x 100 ml = 7ml / hourA nurse who is working in the emergency department triage area is presented with four clients at the same time. The client presented with which symptoms requires the most immediate intervention by the nurse?Chest discomfort one hour after consuming a large, spicy mealThe nurse is planning to assess a client's oxygen saturation to determine if additional oxygen is needed via nasal cannula. The client has a bilateral below-the-knee amputation and pedal pulses that are weak and threaty. What action should the nurse take?Place the oximeter clip on the ear lobe to obtain the oxygen saturation readingA young adult male who is being seen at the employee health care clinic for an annual assessment tell the nurse that his mother was diagnosed with schizophrenia when she was his age and that life with a schizophrenic mother was difficulty indeed. Which response is best for the nurse to provide?Ask the client if he is worried about becoming schizophrenic at the age his mother was diagnosed.The charge nurse observes the practical nurse (PN) apply sterile gloves in preparation for performing a sterile dressing change. Which action by the PN requires correction by the charge nurse?Picking up the second gloveA client on a long-term mental health unit repeatedly takes own pulse regardless of the circumstance. What action should the nurse implement?Overlook the client's behavior.A client is discharged with automated peritoneal dialysis (PD) to be used nightly...which instructions should the nurse include?Wash hands before cleaning exit siteA young adult who is hit with a baseball bat on the temporal area of the left skull is conscious when admitted to the ED and is transferred to the Neurological Unit to be monitored for signs of closed head injury. Which assessment finding is indicative of a developing epidural hematoma?Altered consciousness within the first 24 hours after injury.A male client reports to the clinic nurse that he has been feeling well and is often "dizzy" his blood pressure is elevated. Based on this findings, this client is at a greatest risk for which pathophysiological condition?StrokeThe nurse ask the parent to stay during the examination of a male toddler's genital area. Which intervention should the nurse implement?Examine the genitalia as the last part of the total exam.The nurse is changing a client's IV tubing and closes the roller clamp on the new tubing setup when the bag of solution is....which action should the nurse take to ensure adequate filling of the drip chamber?Compress the drip chamberAn Insulin infusion for a client with diabetes mellitus who is experiencing hyperglycemic hyperosmolar...in addition to the client's glucose, which laboratory value is most important for the nurse to monitor?Serum potassiumIn planning strategies to reduce a client's risk for complications following orthopedic surgery, the nurse recognizes which pathology as the underlying cause of osteomyelitis?infectious processA client with a serum sodium level of 125 meq/mL should benefit most from the administration of which intravenous solution?0.9% sodium chloride solution (normal saline)A client with bipolar disorder began taking valproic acid (Depakote) 250 mg PO three times daily two months ago. Which finding provides the best indication that the medication regimen is effective?The family reports a great reduction in client's maniac behaviorWhich intervention should the nurse implement during the administration of vesicant chemotherapeutic agent via an IV site in the client's arm?Assess IV site frequently for signs of extravasationThe nurse is triaging clients in an urgent care clinic. The client with which symptoms should be referred to the health care provider immediately?headache, photophobia, and nuchal rigidityA client with Alzheimer's disease falls in the bathroom. The nurse notifies the charge nurse and completes a fall follow-up assessment. What assessment finding warrants immediate intervention by the nurseLeft forearm hematomaAn adult male is brought to the emergency department by ambulance following a motorcycle accident. He was not wearing a helmet and presents with periorbital bruising and bloody drainage from both ears. Which assessment finding warrants immediate intervention by the nurse?nausea and projectile vomitThe nurse has received funding to design a health promotion project for AfricanAmerican women who are at risk for developing breast cancer. Which resource is most important in designing this program?Participation of community leaders in planning the programAfter placement of a left subclavian central venous catheter (CVC), the nurse receives report of the x-ray findings that indicate the CVC tip is in the client's superior vena cava. Which action should the nurse implement?Initiate intravenous fluid as prescribedA client with a large pleural effusion undergoes a thoracentesis. Following the procedure, which assessment finding warrants immediate intervention by the nurse?The client has asymmetrical chest wall expansionThe home care nurse provide self-care instruction for a client chronic venous insufficiency cause by deep vein thrombosis. Which instructions should the nurse include in the client's discharge teaching plan? Select all that applyAvoid prolonged standing or sitting Use recliner for long period of sitting continue wearing elastic stockingThe nurse is interviewing a client with schizophrenia. Which client behavior requires immediate intervention?Muscle spasms of the back and neckA male client was transferred yesterday from the emergency department to the telemetry unit because he had ST depression and resolved chest pain. When his EKG monitor alarms for ventricular tachycardia (VT), what action should the nurse take first?Determine the client's responsiveness and respirationsA young couple who has been unsuccessful in conceiving a child for over a year is seen in the family planning clinic. During an initial visit, which intervention is most important for the nurse to implement?Determine current sexual practiceA client is receiving an IV solution labeled Heparin Sodium 20,000 Units in 5% dextrose injection 500 ml at 25 ml/hour. How many units of heparin is the client receiving each hour?1000 units/hour Rationale:20000/500=40x25=1000The nurse is preparing a client for discharge from the hospital following a liver transplant. Which instruction is most important for the nurse to include in this client's discharge teaching plan?Monitor for an elevated temperatureThe nurse is conducting health assessments. Which assessment finding increases a 56 year-old woman's risk for developing osteoporosis?20 pack-year history of cigarette smokingThe nurse administers an oral antiviral to a client with shingles. Which finding is most important for the nurse report to the health care provider?Elevated liver function testsA client in the intensive care unit is being mechanically ventilated, has an indwelling urinary catheter in place, and is exhibiting signs of restlessness. Which action should the nurse take first?Auscultated bilateral breath soundsThe nurses observes that a postoperative client with a continuous bladder irrigation has a large blood clot in the urinary drainage tubing. What actions should the nurse perform first?Intravenous administration of thyroid hormoneThe nurse makes a supervisory home visit to observe an unlicensed assistive personnel (UAP) who is providing personal care for a client with Alzheimer's disease. The nurse observes that whenever the client gets upset, the UAP changes the subject. What action should the nurse take in response to this observation?Affirm that the UAP is using and effective strategy to reduce the client's anxiety.An older female who ambulate with a quad-cane prefer to use a wheel chair because she has a halting and unsteady gait at times. Which interventions should the nurse implement? (Select all that apply)Move personal items within client's reach Lower bed to the lower possible position Give directions to call for assistance Assist client to the bathroom in 2 hours.In evaluating the effectiveness of a postoperative client's intermittent pneumatic compression devices, which assessment is most important for the nurse to complete?Observe both lower extremities for redness and swellingA school-age child who weighs 42 pounds receives a post-tonsillectomy prescription for promethazine (Phenergan) 0.5 mg/kg IM to prevent postoperative nausea. The medication is available in 25 mg/ml ampules. How many ml should the nurse administer? (Enter numeric value only. If rounding is required, round to the nearest tenth).0.4 Rationale: Convert pounds to kg 42lbs = 19.09 kg Next calculate to prescribed dose, 0.5 mg x 1909 kg = 9.545 Then use the desired dose/ dose on hand x volume on hand (9.545/25x1ml =0.3818=0.4 ml) Or use ratio proportion (9.545 mg: x ml = 25 mg: 1ml 25x = 9.545 X= 0.3818 = 0.4)A nurse stops at the site of a motorcycle accident and finds a young adult male lying face down in the road in a puddle of water. It is raining, no one is available to send for help, and the cell phone is in the car about 50 feet away. What action should the nurse take first?Stabilize the victim's neck and roll over to evaluate his statusDuring a well-baby, 6-month visit, a mother tells the nurse that her infant has had fewer ear infections than her 10-year-old daughter. The nurse should explain that which vaccine is likely to have made the difference in the siblings' incidence of otitis media?Hemophilic Influenza Type B (HiB) vaccineThe healthcare provider prescribes Morphine Sulfate Oral Solution 38 mg PO q4 hours for a client who is opioid-tolerant. The available 30 mL bottle is labeled, 100 mg/5 mL (20mg/mL), and is packaged with a calibrated oral syringe to provide to provide accurate dose measurements. How many mL should the nurse administer? (Enter the numerical value only. If rounding is required, round to the nearest tenth.)1.9 Rationale: 38/20x1=1.9 mThe nurse who works in labor and delivery is reassigned to the cardiac care unit for the day because of a low census in labor and delivery. Which assignments is best for the nurse to give this nurse?Assist cardiac nurses with their assignmentsAfter a routine physical examination, the healthcare admits a woman with a history of Systemic Lupus Erythematous (SLE) to the hospital because she has 3+ pitting ankle edema and blood in her urine. Which assessment finding warrants immediate intervention by the nurse?Blood pressure 170/98A client who had an emergency appendectomy is being mechanically ventilated, and soft wrist restrain are in place to prevent self extubation. Which outcome is most important for the nurse to include in the client's plan of careMaintain effective breathing patternsThe nurse is explaining the need to reduce salt intake to a client with primary hypertension. What explanation should the nurse provide?Too much salt can cause the kidneys to retain fluidThe first paddle has been placed on the chest of a client who needs defibrillation. Where should the nurse place the second paddle? (Mark the location where the second paddle should be placed on the image).right upper chest, left midaxillaryIn assessing a pressure ulcer on a client's hip, which action should the nurse include?Photograph the lesion with a ruler placed next to the lesionA nurse is planning discharge care for a male client with metastatic cancer. The client tells the nurse that he plans to return to work despite pain, fatigue, and impending death. Which goals is most important to include in this client's plan of careMarinating pain level below 4 when implementing outpatient pain clinic strategies.A client who had an open cholecystectomy two weeks ago comes to the emergency department with complaints of nausea, abdominal distention, and pain. Which assessment should the nurse implement?Auscultate all quadrant of the abdomen.The nurse is caring for several clients on a telemetry unit. Which client should the nurse assess first? The client who is demonstratingNormal sinus rhythm and complaining of chest painA 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG) indicates a ST elevations in leads V1 to V4, for a client who reports having chest pain. The healthcare provider prescribe tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA). Prior to initiating the infusion, which interventions is most important for the nurse to implement?Complete pre-infusion checklistThe nurse is evaluating the health teaching of a female client with condyloma acuminate. Which statement by the client indicates that teaching has been effective?I need to have regular pap smearsWhile the nurse is conducting a daily assessment of an older woman who resides in a long-term facility, the client begins to cry and tells the nurse that her family has stopped calling and visiting. What action should the nurse take first?Ask the client when a family member last visited her.A female client with severe renal impairment is receiving enoxaparin (lovenox) 30 mg SUBQ BID. Which laboratory value due to enoxaparin should the nurse report to the healthcare provider?creatinine clearance 25 mL/ minuteThe nurse notes an increase in serosanguinous drainage from the abdominal surgical wound from an obese client. What action should the nurse implement?Observe the wound for dehiscenceA nurse is conducting a physical assessment of a young adult. Which information provides the best indication of the individual nutritional statusCondition of hair, nails, and skinThe nurse is assigned to care for clients on a medical unit. Based on the notes taken during the shift report, which client situation warrants the nurse's immediate attention?A 10-year-old who is receiving chemotherapy and the infusion pump is beepingThe nurse is preparing to administer an infusion of amino acid-dextrose total parenteral nutrition (TPN) through a central venous catheter (CVC) line. Which action should the nurse implement first?Check the TPN solution for cloudinessOn a busy day, one hour after the shift report is completed, the charge nurse learns that a female staff nurse who lives one hour away from the hospital forgot her prescription eye glasses at home. What action should the charge nurse take?Ask the nurse to return home and get her prescription eyeglasses for workA newly admitted client vomits into an emesis basin as seen in the picture. The nurse should consult with the healthcare provider before administering which of the client's prescribes medications?Clopidogrel (Plavix), an antiplatelet agent, given orally Methylprednisolone (solu-medrol), a corticosteroid, to be given I Enoxaparin (lovenox), a low-molecular weight heparin to be given subcutaneousA client diagnosed with bipolar disorder is going home on a week-end pass. Which suggestions should give the client's family to help them prepare for the visitDiscuss the importance of continuing the usual at-home activitiesWhen five family members arrive at the hospital, they all begin asking the nurse questions regarding the prognosis of their critically ill mother. What intervention should the nurse implement first?Ask the family to identify a specific spokespersonA client with pneumonia has an IV of lactated ringer's solution infusing at 30ml/hr current labor....sodium level of 155 mEq/L, a serum potassium level of 4mEq/L.... what nursing intervention is most important?Obtain a prescription to increase the IV rateAfter teaching a male client with chronic kidney disease (CKD) about therapeutic diet... which menu of foods indicates that the teaching was effective? Select all that applyA slice of whole grain toast A bowl of cream of wheatA client who is recently diagnosed with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) ask the nurse how this type of diabetes leads to high blood sugar. What Pathophysiology mechanism should the nurse explain about the occurrence of hyperglycemia in those who have type 2 DM?The body cells develop resistance to the action of insulinAn older male who is admitted for end stage of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) tells the nurse .... The client provides the nurse with a living will and DNR. What action should the nurse implement?Obtain a prescription for DNRA client whose wrists are sutured from a recent suicide attempt is been transferred from a medical unit. Which nursing diagnosis is of the highest priority?Risk for self-directed violence related to impulsive actionsDuring a left femoral artery aortogram, the healthcare provider inserts an arterial sheath and initiate. Through the sheath to dissolve an occluded artery. Which interventions should the nurse implement?Instruct the client to keep the left leg straight Observe the insertion site for a hematoma Circle first noted drainage on the dressingOne day following a total knee replacement, a male client tells the nurse that he is unable to transfer because it is too painful. What action should the nurse implement?Encourage use of analgesics before position changeThe nurse reviews the signs of hypoglycemia with the parents of a child with Type I diabetes mellitus. The parents correctly understand signs of hypoglycemia if they include which symptoms?DiaphoresisA client with end-stage liver failure is declared brain dead. The family wants to discontinue feeding and donate any viable organs. Which action should the nurse takeContact the regional organ procurement agencyThe nurse is caring for a client with hypovolemic shock who is receiving two units of packed red blood cells (RBCs) through a large bore peripheral IV. What action promotes maintenance of the client's cardiopulmonary stability during the blood transfusionIncrease the oxygen flow via nasal cannula if dyspnea is present.The nurse is triaging victims of a tornado at an emergency shelter. An adult woman who has been wandering and crying comes to the nurse. What action should the nurse take?Delegate care of the crying client to an unlicensed assistantWhich information is more important for the nurse to obtain when determining a client's risk for (OSAS)?BMIDuring the transfer of a client who had major abdominal surgery this morning, the post anesthesia care unit (PACU) nurse reports that the client, who is awake and responsive continues to report pain and nausea after receiving morphine 2 mg IV and ondansetron 4 mg IV 45 mints ago. Which elements of SBAR communication are missing from the report given by the PACU nurse? (Select all that apply)Background Assessment RecommendationA male client returns to the mental health clinic for assistance with his anxiety reaction that is manifested by a rapid heartbeat, sweating, shaking, and nausea while driving over the bay bridge. What action I the treatment plan should the nurse implement?Teach client to listen to music or audio books while drivingA client in septic shock has a double lumen central venous catheter with one liter of 0.9% Normal Saline Solution infusing at 1 ml/hour through one lumen and TPN infusing at 50 ml/ hr. through one port. The nurse prepared newly prescribed IV antibiotic that should take 45 mints to infuse. What intervention should the nurse implement?Use a secondary port of the Normal Saline solution to administer the antibiotic.Which intervention should the nurse include in the plan of care for a client with leukocytosisMonitor temperature regularlyA school-aged child was recently diagnosed with celiac disease. Which instruction should the nurse give the classroom teacher?The child should avoid eating homemade cookies and cupcakes during partieThe nurse is teaching a client about the antiulcer medications ranitidine which was... statement best describes the action of this drug?It blocks the effects of histamine, causing decreased secretion of acidA client with superficial burns to the face, neck, and hands resulting from a house fire... which assessment finding indicates to the nurse that the client should be monitored for carbon monoxide...?Mucous membranes cherry red colorA female client who was mechanically ventilated for 7 days is extubated. Two hours later...productive cough, and her respirations are rapids and shallow. Which intervention is most important?Prepare the client for intubationThe nurse delegates to an unlicensed assistive personnel (UAP) denture care for a client with...daily leaving. When making this assignment, which instruction is most important for the nurse to do?Place a washcloth in the sink while cleaning the denturesThe nurse is assessing the emotional status of a client with Parkinson's disease. Which client finding is most helpful in planning goals to meet the client's emotional needs?Cries frequently during the interviewWhen changing a diaper on a 2-day-old infant, the nurse observes that the baby's legs are... this finding, what action should the nurse take next?Notify the healthcare providerThe nurse is presenting information about fetal development to a group of parents with...when discussing cephalocaudal fetal development, which information should the nurse gives the parents?Development progress from head to rumpA client with end-stage liver failure is declared brain dead. The family wants to discontinue feeding and donate any viable organs. Which action should the nurse take?Contact the regional organ procurement agencyA client has a prescription for lorazepam 2mg for alcohol withdrawal symptoms. Which finding... the client?Blood pressure 149/101During a cardiopulmonary resuscitation of an intubated client, the nurse detects a palpable pulse throughout the two minutes cycle chest compression and absent breath sounds over the left lung. What action should the nurse implement?Prepare for the endotracheal tube to be repositionedA male client who was hit by a car while dodging through traffic is admitted to the emergency department with intracranial pressure (ICP). A computerized tomography (CT) scan reveals an intracranial bleed. After evacuation of hematoma, postoperative prescription include: intubation with controlled mechanical ventilation to PaCO2...what is the pathophysiological basis for this ventilator settings?Hypocapnea reduces ICPA male client is admitted with burns to his face and neck. Which position should the nurse place the client to prevent contract?Hyperextended with neck supported by a rolled towel.A male client is discharged from the intensive care unit following a myocardial infarction, and the healthcare provider low-sodium diet. Which lunch selection indicates to the nurse that this client understands the dietary restrictions?Turkey salad sandwich.The nurse prepares an intravenous solution and tubing for a client with a saline lock, as seen in the video. Which nurse takes nextOpen the roller clamp on the tubingA female client with chronic urinary retention explains double voiding technique to the nurse by stating she voids partially, hold the remaining urine in her bladder for three minutes, then voids again to empty her bladder fully. How should the nurse respond?Advise the client to empty her bladder fully when she first voidsThe healthcare provider prescribes heparin protocol at 18 units/kg/hr for a client with a possible pulmonary embolism. This client weighs 144 pounds. The available solution is labeled, heparin sodium 25,000 units in 5% dextrose 250 ml. the nurse should program the pump to deliver how many ml/hr? (Enter numeric value only. If rounding is require round to the nearest whole number.)Answer 12 Rationale: 144/2.2= 65kg 18units/kg/hr 65 kg x 18units/kg/hr= 1170 units/hr 25000 units heparin/250 ml of D5W = 100 units heparin per ml of solutionA client is admitted with a wound on the right hand and associated cellulitis. In assessing the client's hand, which finding required most immediate follow-up by the nurse?Cyanotic nailbedsThe nurse is arranging home care for an older client who has a new colostomy following a large bowel resection three day. The clients plan to live with a family member. Which action should the nurse implement? Select all that applyAssess the client for self-care ability Provide pain medication instructions Teach care of ostomy to care providerWhen assessing a male client, the nurse notes that he has unequal lung expansion. What conclusion regarding this finding is most likely to be accurate? The client hasA collapsed lungWhen conducting diet teaching for a client who was diagnosed with hypoparathyroidism, which foods should the nurse encourage the client to eatYogurt. Processed cheese.The nurse is assessing a middle-aged adult who is diagnosed with osteoarthritis. Which factor in this client's history is a contributor to the osteoarthritis?Long distance runner since high school.he nurse manager is conducting an in-services education program on the fire evacuation of the newborn recovery. What intervention should the nurse manager disseminate to the staff?Evacuate each infant with mother via wheelchairA client with severe full-thickness burns is scheduled for an allografting procedure. Which information should the nurse provide the clientHuman source grafts require monitoring for signs of graft rejectionn adult man reports that he recently experienced an episode of chest pressure and breathlessness when he was jogging in the neighborhood. He expresses concern because both of his deceased parents had heart disease and his father was a diabetic. He lives with his male partner, is a vegetarian, and takes atenolol which maintain his blood pressure at 138/74. Which risk factors should the nurse explore further with the client? Select all that applyHistory of hypertension. Family heath historyThe nursing staff on a medical unit includes a registered nurse (RN), practical nurse (LPN), and unlicensed assistant personnel (UAP). Which task should the charge nurse assign to the RN?Supervised a newly hired graduate nurse during an admission assessmentThe nurse is administering a 750 ml cleansing enema to an adult client. After approximately150 ml of enema has informed, the client states, 'stop I can't hold anymore." What action should the nurse takeClamp the tubing and instruct the client to breathe deeply before continuing.The nurse requests a meals tray for a client follows Mormon beliefs and who is on clear liquid diet following abdominal surgery. Which meal item should the nurse request for this client? (Select all that apply)Apple juice Chicken brothFollowing breakfast, the nurse is preparing to administer 0900 medications to clients on a medical floor. Which medication should be held until a later time?The mucosal barrier, sucralfate (Carafate), for a client diagnosed with peptic ulcer diseaseThe father of 4-year-old has been battling metastatic lung cancer for the past 2 years. After discussing the remaining options with his healthcare provider, the client requests that all treatment stop and that no heroic measures be taken to save his life. When the client is transferred to the palliative care unit, which action is most important for the nurse working on the palliative care unit to take in facilitating continuity of care?Obtain a detailed report from the nurse transferring the client.The healthcare provider prescribes oxycodone/ aspirin 1 tab PO every 4h as needed for pain, for a client with polycystic kidney disease. Before administering this medication, which component of the prescription should the nurse question?Aspirin content.The nurse is making a home visit to a male client who is in the moderate stage of Alzheimer's diseases. The client's wife is exhausted and tells the nurse that the family plans to take turns caring for the client in their home, each keeping him for two weeks at a time. How should the nurse respond?Suggest enrolling the client in adult daycare instead of rotating among familyA young adult male was admitted 36 hours ago for a head injury that occurred as the result of a motorcycle accident. In the last 4 hours, his urine output has increased to over 200 ml/H. Before reporting the finding to the healthcare provider, which intervention should the nurse implement?Evaluate the urine osmolality and the serum osmolality values.A male client has received a prescription for orlistat for weight and nutrition management. In addition to the medication, the client states he plans to take a multivitamin. What teaching should the nurse provide?Be sure to take the multivitamin and the medication at least two hours apart for best absorption and effectivenessA female client is taking alendronate, a bisphosphate, for postmenopausal osteoporosis. The client tells the nurse that she is experiencing jaw pain. How should the nurse respondReport the client's jaw pain to the healthcare provider.Which intervention should the nurse implement for a client with a superficial (first degree) burn?Place wet cloths on the burned areas for short periods of time.What is the primary goal when planning nursing care for a client with degenerative joint disease (DJD)?Achieve satisfactory pain control.An adult woman who is seen in the clinic with possible neuropathic pain of the right leg rates her pain as a 7 on a 10 point scale. What action should the nurse takeEncourage the client to describe the pain.A client has both primary IV infusion and a secondary infusion of medication. An infusion pump is not available. The nurse needs to determine the current rate of infusion of the primary IV. Where should the nurse observe to determine the rate of infusion?drip chamberThe nurse is caring a client with NG tube. Which task can the nurse delegate to the UAPDisconnect the NG suction so the client can ambulate in the hallwayThe nurse is conducting the initial assessment of an ill client who is from another culture.... What response should the nurse provide?What practices do you believe will help you heal?"Which interventions should the nurse include in a long-term plan of care for a client with COPDReduce risk factors for infectionThe nurse is collecting a sterile urine specimen using a straight catheter tray for culture.... (Arrange from first action to last).1. Drape the client in a recumbent position for privacy 2. Open the urinary catheterization tray 3. Don sterile gloves using aseptic technique 4. Use forceps and swaps to clean the urinary meatusThe nurse is caring for a toddler with a severe birth anomaly that is dying. The parents... holding the child as death approaches. Which intervention is most important for the nurse?Notify nursing supervisor and hospital chaplain of the child's impending death.The nurse is assessing a 4-year-old boy admitted to the hospital with the diagnosis of possible nephrotic syndrome. Which statement by the parents indicates a likely correlation to the child's diagnosisI couldn't get my son's socks and shoes on this morning"A female client reports she has not had a bowel movement for 3 days, but now is defecating frequent small amount of liquid stool. Which action should the nurse implement?Digitally check the client for a fecal impactionA health care provider continuously dismisses the nursing care suggestions made by staff nurses. As a result...dealing with the healthcare provider. What action should the nurse manager implement?Plan an interdisciplinary staff meeting to develop strategies to enhance client careA 2-year-old girl is brought to the clinic for a routine assessment and all findings are within the normal limits. However, the mom expresses concern over her daughter's protruding abdomen and tells the nurse that she is worry that her child is becoming overweight. How should the nurse respond to the mother's comment?Explain that a protruding abdomen is typical for toddlerA client admitted with an acute coronary syndrome (ACS) receives eptifibatide, a glycoprotein (GP) IIB IIIA inhibitor, which important finding places the client at greatest risk?Unresponsive to painful stimuliA toddler presents to the clinic with a barking cough, strider, refractions with respiration, the child's skin is pink with capillary refill of 2 seconds. Which intervention should the nurse implement?Administered Nebulized EpinephrineAn African-American man come into the hypertension screening booth at a community fair. The nurse finds that is blood pressure is 170/94 mmHg. The client tells the nurse that he has never been treated for high blood pressure. What response should the nurse make?Your blood pressure is a little high. You need to have it rechecked within one weeThe nurse caring for a client with dysphagia is attempting to insert an NG tube, but the client will not swallow and is not gagging. What action should the nurse implement to facilitate the NGT passage into the esophagus?Flex the client's head with chin to the chest and insert.The nurse plans to use an electronic digital scale to weight a client who is able to stand. Which intervention should the nurse implement to ensure that measurement of the client's weight is accurate?Ensure that the scale is calibrated before a weight is obtainedThe nurse observes a newly hired unlicensed assistive personnel (UAP) performing a fingestick to obtain a client's blood glucose. Prior to sticking the client's finger, the UAP explains the procedure and tell the client that it I painless. What action should the nurse takeAllow the UAP to complete the procedure, then discuss the painless comment privately with the UAP.After applying an alcohol-based hand rub to the palms of the hand and rubbing the hand together, what action should the nurse do next?Place one hand on top of the other and interlace the fingersWhile attempting to stablish risk reduction strategies in a community, the nurse notes that the regional studies have indicated....persons with irreversible mental deficiencies due to hypothyroidism. The nurse should seek funding to implement which screening measure?T4 levels in newbornsA nurse is preparing to feed a 2-month-old male infant with heart failure who was born with congenital heart defect. Which intervention should the nurse implementAllow the infant to rest before feedingWhile removing an IV infusion from the hand of a client who has AIDS, the nurse is struck with the needle. After washing the puncture site with soap & water, which action should the nurse take?Notify the employee health nurse.A nurse receive a shift report about a male client with Obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD). The nurse does morning rounds and reaches the client while he is repeatedly washing the top of the same table. What intervention should the nurse implement?allow time for the behavior and then redirect the clients to other activitiesThe nurse is caring for a client immediately after inserting a PICC line. Suddenly, the client becomes anxious and tachycardiac, and loud churning is heard over the pericardium upon auscultation. What action should the nurse take first?Place client in Trendelenburg position on the left sideThe nurse is preparing dose # 7 of an IV piggyback infusion of tobramycin for a 73-yearol client with... Infected pseudomonas aeruginosa. Which assessment data warrants further intervention by the nurse?Peak and through levels has not been drawn since the tobramycin was startedA client admitted to the telemetry unit is having unrelieved chest pain after receiving 3 sublingual nitroglycerin tablets and morphine 8 mg IV. The electrocardiogram reveals sinus bradycardia with ST elevation. In what order should the nurse implement the nursing actions? (Arrange first to last1. Call the rapid response team to assist 2. Move the crash cart to the client room 3. Notify the client's healthcare provider 4. Inform the family of the critical situationA client with HIV and pulmonary coccidioidomycosis is receiving amphotericin B. which assessment finding should the nurse report to the healthcare provider?Urinary output of 25mL per hourDuring a left femoral artery aortogram, the healthcare provider inserts an arterial sheath and initiate...through the sheath to dissolve an occluded artery. Which interventions should the nurse implement?Instruct the client to keep the left leg straight Observe the insertion site for a hematoma Circle first noted drainage on the dressingA male infant born at 28-weeks gestation at an outlying hospital is being prepared for transport to a respiration are 92 breaths/minute and his heart rate is 156 beats/minute. Which drug is the transport administration to this infant?Instill beractant 100 mg/kg in endotracheal tubeA client delivers a viable infant, but begins to have excessive uncontrolled vaginal... notifying the health care provider of the clients' condition, what information is most....Maternal blood pressureAn infant born to a heroin-addicted mother is admitted to the neonatal care unit. What behaviors can...to exhibit?Irritability and a high-pitched cryA multigravida, full-term, laboring client complains of "back labor". Vaginal examination reveals that the client's 3 cm with 50% effacement and the fetal head is at -1 station. What should the nurse implement?Apply counter-pressure to the sacral areaA client with gestational diabetes is undergoing a non-stress test (NST) at 34-week gestation... is 144 beats/minute. The client is instructed to mark the fetal monitor by pressing a button each time the baby moves. After 20 minutes, the nurse evaluates the fetal monitor strip what?Two FHR accelerations of 15 beats/minute x 15 seconds are recordedA postpartal client complains that she has the urge to urinate every hour but is only able to void a small amount. What interventions provides the nurse with the most useful information?Catheterize for residual urine after next voidingA client is receiving oxytocin (Pitocin) to augment early labor. Which assessment is most important time the infusion rate is increases?Contraction patternDuring a 26-week gestation prenatal exam, a client reports occasional dizziness...What intervention is best for the nurse to recommend to this client?Lie on the left or right side when sleeping or restingArtificial rupture of the membrane of a laboring reveals meconium-stained fluid, what is... the priority?Have a meconium aspirator available at deliveryA 6-year-old child with acute infectious diarrhea is placed on a rehydration therapy... Which action should the nurse instruct the parents to take if the child begins to vomitContinue giving ORS frequently in small amountsA client is admitted to isolation with the diagnosis of active tuberculosis (TB). Which infection control measures should the nurse implement?Negative pressure environmentAn infant is placed in a radiant warmer immediately after birth. At one hour of age, the nurse finds the infant tachypneic, and hypotonic. What is the first action that the nurse should take?Determine the infant's blood sugar levelA toddler with a history of an acyanotic heart defect is admitted to the pediatric intensive...rate of 60 breaths/ minute, and a heart rate of 150 beats/minute. What action should the nurse take?Obtain a pulse oximeter readingTo obtain an estimate of a client's systolic B/P. What action should the nurse take first?Palpate the client's brachial pulseA client is receiving an IV of heparin sodium 25000 units in 5% dextrose injection 500 ml at 14 ml/hour...verify that the client is receiving the prescribed amount of heparin. How many units is the client receiving700 Rationale: 25000/500x14=700A client currently receiving an infusion labeled Heparin Sodium 25,000 Units in 5% Dextrose Injection 500 mL at 14 mL/hour. A prescription is received to change the rate of the infusion to 900 units of Heparin per hour. The nurse should set the infusion pump to deliver how many mL/hour? (Enter numeric value only)18 Rationale: 450000/25000=18The nurse notes the client receiving heparin infusion labeled, Heparin Na 25,000 Units in 5% Dextrose injection 500 ml at 50ml/hr. What dose of Heparin is the client receiving per hour?2500A male client is returned to the surgical unit following a left nephrectomy and is medicated with morphine. His dressing has a small amount of bloody drainage, and a JacksonPratt bulb surgical drainage device is in place. Which interventions is most important for the nurse to include in this clients plan of care?Monitor urine output hourly.The family of a client who just died arrives on the nursing unit after receiving telephone notification of the death. Several family members state they would like to view the body. How should the nurse respond?Offer to go with the family members to view the bodyThe nurse is assessing a first day postpartum client. Which finding is most indicative of a postpartum infection?Moderate amount of foul-smelling lochia.An older woman who has difficulty hearing is being discharged from day surgery following a cataract extraction & lens implantation. Which intervention is most important for the nurse to implement to ensure the client's compliance with self-care?Have the client vocalize the instructions provided.A primigravida client is 36 weeks gestation is admitted to labor and delivery unit because her membranes ruptured 30minutes ago. Initial assessment indicates 2cm dilation, 50% effaced, -2 station, vertex presentation greenish colored amniotic fluid, and contractions occurring 3-5 minutes with a low FHR after the last contraction peaks:Administer Oxygen via face maskA woman just received the Rubella vaccine after a delivery of a normal new born, has two children at home, ages 13 months and 3 years. Which instruction is most important to provide to the client?Do not get pregnant for at least 3 monthsFollowing a motor vehicle collision (MCV), a male adult in severe pain is brought to the emergency department via ambulance. His injured left leg is edematous, ecchymotic around the impact of injury on the thigh, and shorter than his right leg. Based on these findings, the client is at greatest risk for which complication?Fat embolismA 2-year-old is bleeding from a laceration on the right lower extremity that occurred as the result of a motor vehicle collision. The nurse is selecting supplies to start an IV access. Which assessment finding is most significant in the nurse's selection of catheter size?Thready brachial pulse.The nurse prepares to insert an oral airway by first measuring for the correct sized airway. Which picture shows the correct approach to airway size measurement?corner of the mouth to the tip of the earA client with a recent colostomy expresses concern about the ability to control flatus. Which intervention is most important for the nurse to include in the client's plan of care?Avoid foods that caused gas before the colostomyA male client arrives at the clinic with a severe sunburn and explains that he did not use sun screen because it was an overcast day. Large blisters are noted over his back and chest and his shirt is soaked with serosanguinous fluid. Which assessment finding warrants immediate intervention by the nurseHypotensionA client with polycystic kidney disease (PKD) receiving antibiotics for an infected cyst is experiencing severe pain. What action should the nurse implement?Teach the client how to use a dry heating pad over the painful areaWhich statement is accurate regarding the pathological changes in the pulmonary system associated with acute (adult) respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS)?Capillary hydrostatic pressure exceeds colloid osmotic pressure, producing interstitial edemaThe nurse mixes 250 mg of debutamine in 250 ml of D5W and plans to administer the solution at rate client weighing 110 pounds. The nurse should set the infusion pump to administer how many ml per hour only. If rounding is required, round the nearest whole number.)45During the intraoperative phase of care, the circulating nurse observes that the client is not adequately client's privacy. What is the best initial nursing action for the nurse to implementInstruct the scrub nurse to re-drape the clientAn adult male who was admitted two days ago following a cerebrovascular accident (CVA) is confused and experiencing left-side weakness. He has tried to get out of bed several times, but is unable to ambulate without assistance. Which intervention is most important for the nurse to implement?Install a bed exit safety monitoring deviceA client in her first trimester of pregnancy complains of nausea. Which complementary therapy should the nurse recommend?Drink chamomile tea at breakfast and in the evening.When gathering for a group therapy session at 1400 hours, a female client complains to the nurse that a smoking break has not been allowed all day. The nurse responds that 15 minute breaks were called over the unit intercom after breakfast and after lunch. The nurse is using what communication technique in responding to the client?ReflectionA female client with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) comes to the clinic complaining of joint pain and swelling. The client has been taking prednisone (Deltasone) and ibuprofen (Motrin Extra Strength) every day. To assist the client with self-management of her pain, which information should the nurse obtain?Therapeutic exercise included in daily routineThe charge nurse of the Intensive Care Unit is making assignments for the permanent staff and one RN who was floated from a medical unit. The client with which condition is the best to assign to the float nurse?BronchodilatorsThe home health nurse is assessing a male client who has started peritoneal dialysis (PD) 5 days ago. Which assessment finding warrants immediate intervention by the nurse?Cloudy dialysate output and rebound abdominal painA client's telemetry monitor indicates ventricular fibrillation (VF). What should the nurse do first?Provide immediate defibrillationIn conducting a health assessment, the nurse determines that both parents of a child with asthma smoke cigarettes. What recommendation is best to the nurse to recommend to the parents?avoid smoking in the houseA client who is schedule for an elective inguinal hernia repair today in day surgery is seem eating in the waiting area. What action should be taken by the nurse who is preparing to administer the preoperative medications?Withhold the preoperative medicationThe nurse is developing a plan of care for a middle-aged woman who is diagnosed with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM). To lower her blood glucose and increase her serum high-density lipoprotein (HDL) levels, which instruction is most important for the nurse to provide?Exercise at least three times weeklyA client who has been in active labor for 12 hours suddenly tells the nurse that she has a strong urge to have a bowel movement. What action should the nurse take?Perform a sterile vaginal examThe nurse assesses a 78-year-old male client who has left sides heart failure. Which symptoms would the nurse expect this client to exhibit?Dyspnea, cough, and fatigue.A female client comes to the clinic complaining of fatigue and inability to sleep because she is the full-time caretaker for 22-year-old son who was paralyzed by a motor vehicle collision. She adds that her husband left her because he says he can't take her behavior any more since all she does is care for their son. What intervention should the nurse implement?Acknowledge the client's stress and suggest that she consider respite care.The nurse plans to administer a schedule dose of metoprolol (Toprol SR) at 0900 to a client with hypertension. At 0800, the nurse notes that client's telemetry pattern shows a second degree heart block with a ventricular rate of 50. What action should the nurse take?Hold the scheduled dose of Tropol and notify the healthcare provider of the telemetry pattern.A client who developed syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone (SIADH) associated with small carcinoma of the lung is preparing for discharge. When teaching the client about self-management with demeclocycline (Declomycin), the nurse should instruct the client to report which condition to the health care providerMuscle crampingIn determine the client position for insertion of an indwelling urinary catheter, it is most important for the nurse to recognize which client condition?OrthopneaThe nurse is reviewing a client's electrocardiogram and determines the PR interval (PRI) is prolonged. What does this finding indicateInability of the SA node to initiate an impulse at the normal rateThe nurse is teaching a male client with multiple sclerosis how to empty his bladder using the Crede Method. When performing a return demonstration, the client applies pressure to the umbilical areas of his abdomen. What instruction should the nurse provide?Apply downward manual pressure at the suprapubic regions.A 35 years old female client has just been admitted to the post anesthesia recovery unit following a partial thyroidectomy. Which statement reflects the nurse's accurate understanding of the expected outcome for the client following this surgery?The client will be restricted from eating seafoodA client with gestational diabetes, at 39 weeks of gestation, is in the second stage of labor. After delivering of the fetal head, the nurse recognizes that shoulder dystocia is occurring. What intervention should the nurse implement first?Assist the client to sharply flex her thighs up again the abdomen.The nurse should observe most closely for drug toxicity when a client receives a medication that has which characteristic?Narrow therapeutic index.Following insertion of a LeVeen shunt in a client with cirrhosis of the liver, which assessment finding indicates to the nurse that the shunt is effective?Decrease abdominal girthWhen finding a client sitting on the floor, the nurse calls for help from the unlicensed assistive personnel (UAP). Which task should the nurse ask the UAP to doGet a blood pressure cuff.During the initial newborn assessment, the nurse finds that a newborn's heart rate is irregular. Which intervention should the nurse implement?Document the finding in the infant's recordWhich assessment finding indicates to the nurse a client's readiness for pulmonary function testsExpresses an understanding of the procedureA young adult male is admitted to the emergency department with diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA). His pH is 7.25, HCO3 is 12 mEq/L or 12 mmol/L (SI), and blood glucose is 310 mg/dl or 17.2 mmol/L (SI). Which action should the nurse implement?Infuse sodium chloride 0.9% (normal saline)The nurse is assessing the thorax and lungs of a client who is having respiratory difficulty. Which finding is most indicative of respiratory distress?Contractions of the sternocleidomastoid muscleAfter receiving lactulose, a client with hepatic encephalopathy has several loose stools. What action should the nurse implement?Monitor mental status.A client present at the clinic with blepharitis. What instructions should the nurse provide for home care?Apply warm moist compresses then gently scrub eyelids with dilute baby shampooDopamine protocol is prescribed for a male client who weigh 198 pounds to maintain the mean arterial pressure (MAP) greater than 65 mmHg. His current MAP is 50 mmHg, so the nurse increases the infusion to 7 mcg/kg/minute. The infusion is labeled dextrose 5% in water (D5W) 500 ml with dopamine 400 mg. The nurse should program the infusion pump to deliver how many ml/hour?47The nurse is teaching a client with atrial fibrillation about a newly prescribed medication, dronedarone. Which information should the nurse include in client interactions? (Select all that apply)Avoid eating grapefruit or drinking grapefruit juice. Report changes in the use of daily supplements Notify you heal care provider if your skin looks yelloA male client recently released from a correctional facility arrives at the clinic with a cough, fever, and chills. His history reveals active tuberculosis (TB) 10 years ago. What action should the nurse implement? (Select all that apply)Schedule the client for the chest radiograph Obtain sputum for acid fast bacillus (AFB) testing Place a mask on the client until he is moved to isolation.A 16-year-old male is admitted to the pediatric intensive care unit after being involved in a house fire. He has full thickness burns to his lower torso and extremities. Before a dressing change to his legs, which intervention is most important for the nurse to implement?Maintain strict aseptic technique.While performing a skin inspection for a female adult client, the nurse observes a rash that is well circumscribed, has silvery scales and plaques, and is located on the elbows and knees. These assessment findings are likely to indicate which condition?PsoriasisA client with acute pancreatitis is complaining of pain and nausea. Which interventions should the nurse implement (Select all that apply)Monitor heart, lung, and kidney function. Notify healthcare provider of serum amylase and lipase levels. Review client's abdominal ultrasound findings.A nurse is caring for a client with Diabetes Insipidus. Which assessment finding warrants immediate intervention by the nurse?HypernatremiaIn caring for a client receiving the amino glycoside antibiotic gentamicin, it is most important for the nurse to monitor which diagnostic test?What food does your baby usually eat in a normal day?A client who is at 36 weeks gestations is admitted with severe preclampsia. After a 6 gram loading dose of magnesium sulfate is administered, an intravenous infusion of magnesium sulfate at a rate of 2 grams/hour is initiated. Which assessment finding warrants immediate intervention by the nurse?Urine output 20 ml/hourThe nurse is preparing to discharge an older adult female client who is at risk for hy... nurse include with this client's discharge teaching?Report any muscle twitching or seizures Take vitamin D with calcium daily Low fat yogurt is a good source of calcium Keep a diet record to monitor calcium intakeThe husband of a client with advanced ovarian cancer wants his wife to have every treatment available. When the husband leaves, the client tells the nurse that she has had enough chemotherapy and wants to stop all treatments but knows her husband will sign the consent form for more treatment. The nurse's response should include which information?The husband cannot sign the consent for the client, her signature is required The client's specific wishes should be discussed with her healthcare provider The healthcare team will formulate a plan of care to keep the client comfortableThe nurse is preparing a 50 ml dose of 50% dextrose IV for a client with insulin... medication?Push the undiluted Dextrose slowly through the currently infusion IVThe daughter of an older female client tells the clinic nurse that she is no longer able to care for her mother since her mother has lost the ability to perform activities of daily living (ADLs) due to aging. Which options should the nurse discuss with the daughter?Long-term care facility Home health agencyA male client with cancer, who is receiving antineoplastic drugs, is admitted to the... what findings is most often manifest this condition?Ecchymosis and hematemesisA 7-year-old boy is brought to the clinic because of facial edema. He reports that he has been voiding small amounts of dark, cloudy, tea-colored urine. The parents state that their son had a sore throat 2 weeks earlier, but it has resolved. After assessing the child's vital signs and weight, what intervention should the nurse implement next?Collect a urine specimen for routine urinalysisThe nurse observes an adolescent client prepare to administer a prescribed corticosteroid medication using a metered dose inhaler as seen in the picture. What action should the nurse take?Remind the client to hold his breath after inhaling the medicationThe nurse teaches an adolescent male client how to use a metered dose inhaler. Seen in the picture. What instruction should the nurse provide?Move the device one to two inches away from the mouthA 3-year-old boy with a congenital heart defect is brought to the clinic by his mother... During the assessment, the mother asks the nurse why her child is at the 5th percent...response is best for the nurse to provide?"His smaller size is probably due to the heart disease"A client with hypertension receives a prescription for enalapril, an angiotensin... instruction should the nurse include in the medication teaching plan?Report increased bruising of bleedingWhen administering ceftriaxone sodium (Rocephin) intravenously to a client before... most immediate intervention by the nurse?StridorThe nurse is assessing a client with a small bowel obstruction who was hospitalized 24 hours ago. Which assessment finding should the nurse report immediately to the healthcare provider?Rebound tenderness in the upper quadrantsAn adult female client is admitted to the psychiatric unit because of a complex handwashing ritual she performs daily that takes two hours or longer to complete. She worries about staying clean and refuses to sit on any of the chairs in the day area. This client's handwashing is an example of which clinical behavior?CompulsionA female client reports that she drank a liter of a solution to cleanse her intestines... immediately. How many ml of fluid intake should the nurse document? Whole number760 Rationale: 1L=1000ml Subtract the emesis, 1 cup (8 oz)=240ml 1000-240=760 mlFollowing routine diagnostic test, a client who is symptom-free is diagnosed with Paget's disease. Client teaching should be directed toward what important goal for this client?Reduce the risk for injuryThe mother of a one-month-old boy born at home brings the infant to his first well...was born two weeks after his due date, and that he is a "good, quiet baby" who almost... hypothyroidism, what question is most important for the nurse to ask the mother?Is your son sleepy and difficult to feed?In preparing assignments for the shift, which client is best for the charge nurse to assign to a practical nurse (PN)?An older client post-stroke who is aphasic with right-sided hemiplegiFollowing a gun shot wound to the abdomen, a young adult male had an emergency bowel...Multiple blood products while in the operating room. His current blood pressure is 78/52...He is being mechanically ventilated, and his oxygen saturation is 87%. His laboratory values...Grams / dl (70 mmol / L SI), platelets 20,000 / mm 3 (20 x 10 9 / L (SI units), and white blood cells. Based on these assessments findings, which intervention, should the nurse implements first?Transfuse packed red blood cellsAfter checking the fingerstick glucose at 1630, what action should the nurse implementAdminister 8 units of insulin aspart SubQProgressive kyphoscoliosis leading to respiratory distress is evident in a client with muscul...Which finding warrants immediate intervention by the nurse?Evidence of hypoventilationAn adult male who lives alone is brought to the Emergency Department by his daughter who is unresponsive. Initial assessment indicated that the client has minimal respiratory effort, and his pupils are fixed and dilated. At the daughter's request, the client is intubated and... Which nursing intervention has the highest priority?Determine if the client has an executed living willThe nurse determines that a client's pupils constricts as they change focus from a far object. What documentation should the nurse enter about this finding?Pupils reactive to accommodationWhich nursing intervention has the highest priority for a multigravida who deliveredAssess fundal tone and lochia flowA client who had a gestational trophoblastic disease (GTD) evacuated 2 days ago is being...18 months-old child and lives in a rural area. Her husband takes the family car to work daily...transportation during the day. What intervention is most important for the nurse to implement?Schedule a weekly home visit to draw hCG valuesA newly graduated female staff nurse approaches the nurse manager and request reassignment to another client because a male client is asking her for a date and making suggestive comments. Which response is best for the nurse manager to provide?I'll change your assignment, but let's talk about you a nurse should respond to this kind of client.After removing a left femoral arterial sheath, which assessment finding warrant immediately interventions by the nurse? (Select all that applied.)Unrelieved back and flank pain. Cool and pale left leg and foot. Left groin egg-size hematoma.Which instruction is most important for the nurse to provide a client who receives a new plan of care to treat osteoporosis?Remain upright after taking the medicationA newly hired home health care nurse is planning the initial visit to an adult client who has had multiple sclerosis (MS) for the past 20 years and is currently bed-bound and is lifted by a hoist. And unlicensed caregiver provides care 8 hours/ daily, 5 days/week. During the initial visit to this client, which intervention is most important to the nurse to implement?Determine how the client is cared for when caregiver is not presentA client with urticaria due to an environmental allergies is taking diphenhydramine... Which complaint should the nurse identify to the client as a side effect of the OTC medication?Nausea and indigestion.In caring for a client with a PCA infusion of morphine sulfate through the right cephalic vein, The nurse assesses that the client in lethargic with a blood pressure of 90/60, pulse rate of 118 beats per minute, and respiratory rate of 8 breaths per minutes. What assessment should the nurse perform next?Observe the amount and dose of morphine in the PCA pump syringeA male client is having abdominal pain after a left femoral angioplasty and stent, and is asking for additional pain medication for right lower quadrant pain (9/10), two hours ago, he received hydrocodone / acetaminophen 7.5/7.50 mg his vital signs are elevated from reading of a previous hour: temperature 97.8 F, heart rate 102 beats / minute, respiration 20 breaths/minutes. His abdomen is swollen, the groin access site is tender, peripheral pulses are present, but left is greater than right. Preoperatively, clopidrogel was prescribed for a history of previous peripheral stents. Another nurse is holding manual pressure on the femoral arterial access site which may be leaking into the abdomen. What data is needed to make this report completeSurgeon needs to see client immediately to evaluate the situationWhich instruction is most important for the nurse to provide a client who is being discharge following treatment for Guillain-Barre syndrome?Avoid exposure to respiratory infectionThe nurse assesses a female client with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) who is 5 feet tall (152 cm) and weighs 155 pounds (70 kg), the client's 24 hour diet history includes: no breakfast, cheeseburger and fries for lunch; lasagna, chocolate ice cream and a cola drink for dinner, and 2 glasses of wine in the evening before going to bed for a total caloric intake of 3500 calories. What instructions should the nurse provide? (Select all that apply)Avoid use of alcohol as a sleep aide at bedtime Start a weight loss programA male client with impaired renal function who takes ibuprofen daily for chronic arthritis...gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding. After administering IV fluids and a blood transfusion, his blood pressure is 100/70, and his renal output is 20 ml / hour. Which intervention should the nurse include in hours?Irregular pulseWhen obtaining a rectal temperature with an electronic thermometer, which action is most important for the nurse to perform?Hold the thermometer in placeAn adult female client is admitted to the psychiatric unit with a diagnosis of major depressive...medication therapy, the nurse notices the client has more energy, is giving her belongings...mood. Which intervention is best for the nurse to implementHold the thermometer in place.An adult female client is admitted to the psychiatric unit with a diagnosis of major depressive...medication therapy, the nurse notices the client has more energy, is giving her belongings...mood. Which intervention is best for the nurse to implement?Ask the client if she has had any recent thoughts of harming herselfAn adult female client with chronic kidney disease (CKD) asks the nurse if she can continue...Medications. Which medication provides the greatest threat to this client?Magnesium hydroxide (Maalox)The nurse observes an unlicensed assistive personnel (UAP) using an alcohol-based clean...tray to the room. The UAP rub both hands thoroughly for 2 minutes while standing at the...should the nurse take?Explain that the hand rub can be completed in less than 2 minuteAn adolescent's mother calls the clinic because the teen is having recurrent vomiting and...Combative in the last 2 days. The mother states that the teen takes vitamins, calcium, mag...With aspirin. Which nursing intervention has highest priority?Instruct the mother to take the teen to the emergency roomA male Korean-American client looks away when asked by the nurse to describe his problem. What is the best initial nursing action?Allow several minutes for the client to respondWhen organizing home visits for the day, which older client should the home health nurse plan to visit first?A woman who takes naproxen (Naprosyn) and reports a recent onset of dark, tarry stoolsAn older female client tells the nurse that her muscles have gradually been getting weak...what is the best initial response by the nurse?Ask the client to describe the changes that have occurredThe nurse is caring for a client following a myelogram. Which assessment finding should the nurse report to the healthcare provider immediately?Complain of headaches and stiff neckA client is admitted for type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) and chronic Kidney disease (CKD)... which breakfast selection by the client indicates effective learning?Oatmeal with butter, artificial sweetener, and strawberries, and 6 ounces coffeeA client with a postoperative wound that eviscerated yesterday has an elevated temperature...most important for the nurse to implement?Obtain a wound swab for culture and sensitivityThe nurse is reinforcing home care instructions with a client who is being discharged following...prostate (TURP). Which intervention is most important for the nurse to include in the client...Report fresh blood in the urineThe nurse provides feeding tube instructions to the wife of a client with end stage cancer. The client's wife performs a return demonstration correctly, but begins crying and tells the nurse, "I just don't think I can do this every day." The nurse should direct further teaching strategies toward which learning domain?AffectiveA male client with rheumatoid arthritis is schedule for a procedure in the morning. The... unable to complete the procedure because of early morning stiffness. Which intervention... implement?Assign a UAP to assist the client with a warm shower early in the morningA woman who takes pyridostigmine for myasthenia gravis (MG) arrives at the emergency department complaining of extreme muscle weakness. Her adult daughter tells the nurse that since yesterday her mother has been unable to smile, which assessment finding warrants immediate intervention by the nurse?Uncontrollable droolingSublingual nitroglycerin is administered to a male client with unstable angina who complains of crushing chest pain. Five minutes later the client becomes nauseated and his bloods pressure drops to 60/40. Which intervention should the nurse implement?Infuse a rapid IV normal saline bolusA client with multiple sclerosis (MS) is admitted to the medical unit. The client reports... which action should the nurse implement to reduce the client's risk for falls?Schedule frequent rest periods Provide assistance to bedside commode Teach to patch one eye when ambulatingWhat is the nurse's priority goal when providing care for a 2-year-old child experiencing seizure...Manage the airwayA client is complaining of intermittent, left, lower abdominal pain that began two days ago...implement the following interventions?Correct orders: (DPIA) 1. Determine when the client had last bowel movement 2. Position client supine with knees bent 3. Inspect abdominal contour 4. Auscultate all four abdominal quadrantsThe nurse is caring for four clients...postoperative hemoglobin of 8.7 mg/dl; client C, newly admitted with potassium...an appendectomy who has a white blood cell count of 15,000mm3. What intervention...Determine the availability of two units of packed cells in the blood bank for client BA client with a new diagnosis of Raynaud's disease lives alone. Which instruction should the nurse include in the client's discharged teaching plan?Keep room temperature 80A male client tells the nurse that he is concerned that he may have a stomach ulcer, because he is experiencing heartburn and a dull growing pain that is relieved when he eats. What is the best response by the nurse?Encourage the client to obtain a complete physical exam since these symptoms are consistent with an ulcerA mother calls the nurse to report that at 0900 she administered a PO dose of digoxin to her 4-month-old infant, but at 0920 the baby vomited the medicine, what instruction should the nurse provide to this motherWithhold this doseAn unlicensed assistive personnel (UAP) informs the nurse who is giving medications that a female client is crying. The client was just informed that she has a malignant tumor. What action should the nurse implement first?Tell the client that the nurse will be back to talk to her after medications are givenWhen checking a third grader's height and weight the school nurse notes that these measurements have not changed in the last year. The child is currently taking daily vitamins, albuterol, and methylphenidate for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Which intervention should the nurse implement?Refer child to the family healthcare providerAn adolescent receives a prescription for an injection of s-matriptan succinate 4 mg subcutaneously for a migraine headache. Using a vial labeled, 6 mg/ 0.5 ml, how many ml should the nurse administer? (Enter the numerical value only. If rounding is required, round to the nearest hundredth.0.33 mL Rationale: 4mg x 0.5 ml=2/6=0.33 mlAn unconscious client is admitted to the intensive care unit and is placed on a ventilator. The ventilator alarms continuously and the client's oxygen saturation level is 62%. What action should the nurse take first?Begin manual ventilation immediately.The husband of an older woman, diagnosed with pernicious anemia, calls the clinic to report that his wife still has memory loss and some confusion since she received the first dose of nasal cyanocobalamin two days ago. He tells the nurse that he is worried that she might be getting Alzheimer's disease. What action should the nurse take?Explain that memory loss and confusion are common with vitamin B12 deficiencyWhile the school nurse is teaching a group of 14-year-olds, one of the participants remarks, "You are too young to be our teacher! You're not much older than we are!" How should the nurse respond?"We need to stay focused on the topic."After diagnosis and initial treatment of a 3 year old with Cystic fibrosis, the nurse provides home care instructions to the mother, which statement by the child's mother indicates that she understands home care treatment to promote pulmonary functions?Chest physiotherapy should be performed twice a day before a meal.A male client who was admitted with an acute myocardial infarction receives a cardiac diet with sodium restriction and complains that his hamburger is flavorless. Which condiment should the nurse offer?Fresh horseradishA middle-aged woman, diagnosed with Graves' disease, asks the nurse about this condition. Which etiological pathology should the nurse include in the teaching plan about hyperthyroidism? (Select all that apply.)Graves' disease, an autoimmune condition, affects thyroid stimulating hormone receptors. T3 and T4 hormone levels are increased Large protruding eyeballs are a sign of hyperthyroid functionWhile completing an admission assessment for a client with unstable angina, which closed questions should the nurse ask about the client's pain?Does your pain occur when walking short distances?A nurse who works in the nursery is attending the vaginal delivery of a term infant. What action should the nurse complete prior to leaving the delivery room?place the id bands on the infant and motherWhen assessing a multigravida the first postpartum day, the nurse finds a moderate amount of lochia rubra, with the uterus firm, and three fingerbreadths above the umbilicus. What action should the nurse implement firstCheck for a distended bladderA client is receiving an IV solution of nitroglycerin 100mg/500ml D5W at 10 mcg/ minute. The nurse should program the infusion pump to deliver how many ml/hour? ( Enter numeric value only)3 ml/hour Rationale : 0.01 x 500 x 60 / 100 = 3A-12-years old boy has a body mass index (BMI) of 28, a systolic pressure and a glycosylated hemoglobin (HBA1C) of 7.8%. Which selection indicated that his mother understands the management of his dietOne whole-wheat bagel with cream cheese, two strips of bacon, six ounces of orange juice.Which class of drugs is the only source of a cure for septic shock?AntiinfectivesThe healthcare provider prescribes carboprost tromethamine (Hemabate) 250 mcg IM for a multigravida postpartum client who is experiencing heavy, bright red vaginal bleeding. Prior to administering this medication, which interventions should the RN implement?Give the prescribed antiemetic.A 59-year-old male client comes to the clinic and reports his concern over a lump that, "just popped up on my neck about a week ago." In performing an examination of the lump, the nurse palpates a large, nontender, hardened left subclavian lymph node. There is not overlying tissue inflammation. What do these findings suggestMalignancyA gravida 2 para 1, at 38-weeks gestation, scheduled for a repeat cesarean section in one week, is brought to the labor and delivery unit complaining of contractions every 10 minutes. While assessing the client, the client's mothers enter the labor suite and says in a loud voice, "I've had 8 children and I know she's in labor. I want her to have her cesarean section right now!" what action should the nurse take?Request the mother to leave the roomWhile caring for a toddler receiving oxygen (02) via face mask, the nurse observes that the child's lips and nares are dry and cracked. Which intervention should the nurse implementUse a water soluble lubricant on affected oral and nasal mucosaAn elderly female client with osteoarthritis reports increasing pain and stiffness in her right knee and asks how to reduce these symptoms. In responding to the client, the nurse recognizes what pathology as the cause of her symptoms?Destruction of joint cartilage.During the infusion of a second unit of packed red blood cells, the client's temperature increases from 99 to 101.6 f. which intervention should the nurse implement?Stop the transfusion start a salineIn assessing a client 48 hours following a fracture, the nurse observes ecchymosis at the fracture site, and recognizes that hematoma formation at the bone fragment site has occurred. What action should the nurse implement?Document the extend of the bruising in the medical recordWhen caring for a client with traumatic brain injury (TBI) who had a craniotomy for increased intracranial pressure (ICP), the nurse assesses the client using the Glasgow coma scale (GCS) every two hours. For the past 8 hours the client's GCS score has been 14. What does this GCS finding indicate about the client?Neurologically stable without indications of an increased ICA 46-year-old male client who had a myocardial infarction 24-hours ago comes to the nurse's station fully dressed and wanting to go home. He tells the nurse that he is feeling much better at this time. Based on this behavior, which nursing problem should the nurse formulate?Ineffective coping related to denialA client is admitted for cellulitis surrounding an insect bite on the lower, right arm and intravenous (IV) antibiotic therapy is prescribed. Which action should the nurse implement before performing venipuncture?Lower the left arm below the level of the heartWhich assessment finding of a postmenopausal woman necessitates a referral by the nurse to the healthcare provider for evaluation of thyroid functioningCold sensitivityThe nurse is assessing a primigravida a 39-weeks gestation during a weekly prenatal visit. Which finding is most important for the nurse to report to the healthcare provider?Fetal heart rate of 200 beats/minuteA client with hyperthyroidism is admitted to the postoperative after subtotal thyroidectomy. Which of the client's serum laboratory values requires intervention by the nurseTotal calcium 5.0 mg/dlA female client on the mental health unit frequently asks the nurse when she can be discharged. Then, becoming more anxious, she begins to pace the hallway. What intervention should the nurse implement first?Explore the client's reasons for wanting to be discharged.After administering a proton pump inhibitor (PPI), which action should the nurse take to evaluate the effectiveness of the medication?Ask the client about gastrointestinal painA female client receives a prescription for alendronate sodium (Fosamax) to treat her newly diagnose osteoporosis. What instruction should the nurse include in the client's teaching plan?Take on an empty stomach with a full glass of waterThe nurse is assessing a female client's blood pressure because she reported feeling dizzy. The blood pressure cuff is inflated to 140 mm hg and as soon as the cuff is deflated a korotkoff sound is heard. Which intervention should the nurse implement nextWait 1 minute and palpate the systolic pressure before auscultating againTo reduce staff nurse role ambiguity, which strategy should the nurse-manager implement?Review the staff nurse job description to ensure that it is clear, accurate, and currentA client with pneumonia has arterial blood gases levels at: PH 7.33; PaCO2 49 mm/hg; HCO3 25 mEq/L; PaO2 95. What intervention should the nurse implement based on these resultsInstitute coughing and deep breathing protocolsWhile assisting a male client who has muscular dystrophy (MD) to the bathroom, the nurse observes that he is awkward and clumsy. When he expresses his frustration and complains of hip discomfort, which intervention should the nurse implement?Place a portable toilet next to the bedThe healthcare provider explains through an interpreter the risks and benefits of a scheduled surgical procedure to a non-English speaking female client. The client gives verbal consent and the healthcare provider leaves, instructing the nurse to witness the signature on the consent form. The client and the interpreter then speak together in the foreign language for an additional 2 minutes until the interpreter concludes, "She says it is OK." What action should the nurse take next?Ask for a full explanation from the interpreter of the witnessed discussionThe practical nurse (PN) is assigned to work with three registered nurses (RN) who are caring for neurologically compromised clients. The client with which change in status is best to assign to the PN?Viral meningitis whose temperature changed from 101 F to 102 F.A client with hyperthyroidism who has not been responsive to medications is admitted for evaluation. What action should the nurse implement? (Click on each chart tab for additional information. Please scroll to the bottom right corner of each tab to view all information contained in the client's medical record.)Notify the healthcare providerWhile taking vital signs, a critically ill male client grabs the nurse's hand and ask the nurse not to leave. What action is best for the nurse to take?Pull up a chair and sit beside the client's bedA male client notifies the nurse that he feels short of breath and has chest pressure radiating down his left arm. A STAT 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG) is obtained and shows ST segment elevation in leads II, II, aVF and V4R. The nurse collects blood samples and gives a normal saline bolus. What action is most important for the nurse to implement?Asses for contraindications for thrombolytic therapyAn IV antibiotic is prescribed for a client with a postoperative infection. The medication is to be administered in 4 divided doses. What schedule is best for administering this prescription1000, 1600, 2200, 0400A client is receiving continuous bladder irrigation via a triple-lumen suprapubic catheter that was placed during prostatectomy. Which report by the unlicensed assistive personnel (UAP) requires intervention by the nurse?Leakage around catheter insertion siteA client with Addison's crisis is admitted for treatment with adrenal cortical supplementation. Based on the client's admitting diagnosis, which findings require immediate action by the nurse? (Select all that apply)Headache and tremors Postural hypotension Pallor and diaphoresis Irregular heart beatA client with rapid respirations and audible rhonchi is admitted to the intensive care unit because of a pulmonary embolism (PE). Low-flow oxygen by nasal cannula and weight based heparin protocol is initiated. Which intervention is most important for the nurse to include in this client's plan of care?Evaluate daily blood clotting factors.The nurse enters a client's room to administer scheduled daily medications and observes the client leaning forward and using pursed lip breathing. Which action is most important for the nurse to implement first?Evaluate the oxygen saturationDuring a clinic visit, a client with a kidney transplant ask, "What will happen if chronic rejection develops?" which response is best for the nurse to provideDialysis would need to be resumed if chronic rejection becomes a realityThe nurse enters a client's room and observe the unlicensed assistive personnel (UAP) making an occupied bed as seen in the picture. What action should the nurse take first?Place the side rails in an up positionA client with bleeding esophageal varices receives vasopressin (Pitressin) IV. What should the nurse monitor for during the IV infusion of this medication?Chest pain and dysrhythmiaA nurse plans to call the healthcare provider to report an 0600 serum potassium level of 2 mEq/L or mmol/L (SI), but the charge nurse tells the nurse that the healthcare provider does not like to receive early morning calls and will make rounds later in the morning. What action should the nurse make?Contact the healthcare provider immediately to report the laboratory value regardless of the adviceA male client with cancer who has lost 10 pounds during the last months tells the nurse that beef, chicken, and eggs, which used to be his favorite foods, now they taste "bitter". He complains that he simply has no appetite. What action should the nurse implement?Suggest the use of alternative sources of protein such as dairy products and nutsWhich actions should the nurse implement with auscultating anterior breath sounds? (Place the first action on top and last action on the bottom.)1. Place stethoscope in suprasternal area to auscultate from bronchial sounds 2. Auscultate bronchovesicular sounds from side to side of the first and second intercostal spaces 3. Displace female breast tissue and apply stethoscope directly on chest wall to hear vesicular sounds 4. Document normal breath sounds and location of adventitious breath soundsA female client who is admitted to the mental health unit for opiate dependency is receiving clonidine 0.1 mg PO for withdrawal symptoms. The client begins to complain of feeling nervous and tells the nurse that her bones are itching. Which finding should the nurse identify as a contraindication for administering the medication?Blood pressure 90/76 mm Hg733. The nurse is preparing a community education program on osteoporosis. Which instruction is helpful in preventing bone loss and promoting bone formationRecommend weigh bearing physical activityImmediately after extubation, a client who has been mechanically ventilated is placed on a 50% non-rebreather. The client is hoarse and complaining of a sore throat. Which assessment finding should the nurse report to the healthcare provider immediately?Upper airway stridorDuring discharge teaching, an overweight client heart failure (HF) is asked to make a grocery list for the nurse to review. Which food choices included on the client's list should the nurse encourage? (Select all that apply)Plain, air-popped popcorn. Natural whole almonds.A client with Addison's disease becomes weak, confused, and dehydrated following the onset of an acute viral infection. The client's laboratory values include; sodium 129 mEq/l (129mmol/l SI), glucose 54 mg/dl (2.97mmol/l SI) and potassium 5.3 mmol/l SI). When reporting the findings to the HCP, the nurse anticipates a prescription for which intravenous medications?HydrocortisoneAn adolescent, whose mother recently died, comes to the school nurse complain headache. Which statement made by the students should warrant further explanation nurse?I miss Mom and would like to go see her'".When washing soiled hands, the nurse first wets the hands and applies soap. The nurse should complete additional actions in which sequence? (Arrange from first action on top last action on bottom.)1. Rub hands palm to palm. 2. Interlace the fingers, 3. Dry hands with paper towel. 4. Turn off the water faucet.A client's telemetry monitor indicates ventricular fibrillation (VF). After delivering one counter shock, the nurse resumes chest compression, after another minute of compression , the client's rhythm converts to supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) on the monitor, at this point , what is the priority intervention for the nurse?Give IV dose of adenosine rapidly over 1-2 seconds.A client with a history of using illicit drugs intravenously is admitted with Kaposi's sarcoma. Which intervention should the nurse include in this client's admission plan of care?Monitor for secondary infections.The nurse is collecting sterile sample for culture and sensitivity from a disposable three chamber water-seal drainage system connected to a pleural chest tube. The nurse should obtain the sample from which site on the drainage system?Plastic tubing located at the chest insertion siteWhile the nurse is preparing a scheduled intravenous (IV) medication, the client states that the IV site hurts and refuses to allow the nurse to administer a flush to assess the site. Which intervention should the nurse implement?Discontinue the painful IV after a new IV is insertedAn adult is admitted to the emergency department following ingestion of a bottle of antidepressants secondary to chronic paint. A nasogastric tube and a left subclavian venous catheter are placed. The nurse auscultates audible breath sounds on the right side, faint sounds procedure should the nurse prepare for first?Insertion of a left- sided chest tube.During a staff meeting, a nurse verbally attacks the nurse manager conducting the meeting, stating, "you always let your favorites have holidays off give then easier assignments. You are unfair and prejudiced" how should the nurse-manager respond?Give me specific examples to support your statements.A male client is admitted with a severe asthma attack. For the last 3 hours he has experienced increased shortness of breath. His arterial blood gas results are: pH 7.22 PaCO2 55 mmHg; HCO3 25 mEq/L or mmol/L (SI). Which intervention should the nurse implement?Administer PRN dose of albuterolA young adult female with chronic kidney disease (CKD) due to recurring pyelonephritis is hospitalized with basilar crackles and peripheral edema. She is complaining of severe nausea and the cardiac monitor indicates sinus tachycardia with frequent premature ventricular contraction. Her blood pressure is 200 /110 mm Hg, and her temperature is 101 F which PRN medication should the nurse administers first?FurosemideThe nurse is caring for a client who is experiencing a tonic-clonic seizure. Which actions should the nurse implement? (Select all that apply)Ease the client to the floor Loosen restrictive clothing Note the duration of the seizureWhen entering a client's room to administer an 0900 IV antibiotic, the nurse finds that the client is engaged in sexual activity with a visitor. Which actions should the nurse implement?Leave the room and close the door quietlyA child with heart failure (HF) is taking digitalis. Which signs indicates to the nurse that the child may be experiencing digitalis toxicity?VomitingThe nurse suspect may be hemorrhaging internally. Which findings of an orthostatic test may indicate to the nurse of major bleed?A decrease in the systolic b/p of 10mm/hg with a corresponding increase of heart rate of 20.An antacid is prescribed for a client with gastroesophageal (GERD). The client asks the nurse, "How does this help my GERD?" What is the best response by the nurse?Antacids will neutralize the acid in your stomachA client arrives in the emergency center with a blood alcohol level of 500 mg/dl. When transferred to the observation unit, the client becomes demanding, aggressive, and shouts at the staff. Which assessments finding is most important for the nurse to identify in the first 24 hours?Agitation and threats to harms staffA male adult is admitted because of an acetaminophen overdose. After transfer to the mental health unit, the client is told he has liver damage. Which information is most important for the nurse to include in the client's discharge plan?Avoid exposure to large crowdsA male client who had a small bowel resection acquired methicillin- resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) while hospitalized. He was treated and released, but is readmitted today because of diarrhea and dehydration. It is most important for the nurse to implement which interventionMaintain contact transmission precautionsAn older woman who was recently diagnosed with end stage metastatic breast cancer is admitted because she is experiencing shortness of breath and confusion. The client refuses to eat and continuously asks to go home. Arterial blood gases indicate hypoxia. Which intervention is most important for the nurse to implement?Clarify end of life desiresThe nurse applies a blood pressure cuff around a client's left thigh. To measure the client's blood pressure, where should the diaphragm of the stethoscope be placed? (Mark the location on one of the images.)On left thigh with arrow pointing to inner thigh"To reduce the risk of symptoms exacerbation for a client with multiple sclerosis (MS), which instructions should the nurse include in the client's discharge plan? (Select all that apply).Space activities to allow for rest periods Take warm baths before starting exerciseA preoperative client states he is not allergic to any medications. What is the most important nursing action for the nurse to implement next?Assess client's knowledge of an allergy responseDuring a visit to the planned parenthood clinic, a young woman tells the nurse that she is going to discontinue taking the oral contraceptives she has taken for three years because she wants to get pregnant. History indicates that her grandfather has adult onset diabetes and that she was treated for chlamydia six months ago, which factor in this client's history poses the greatest risk for this woman's pregnancy?Three year history of taking oral contraceptivesA mother brings her 3-week-old son to the clinic because he is vomiting "all the time." In performing a physical assessment, the nurse notes that the infant has poor skin turgor, has lost 20% of his birth weight, and has a small palpable oval-shaped mass in his abdomen. What intervention should the nurse implement first?Initiate a prescribed IV for parental fluidWhen conducting diet teaching for a client who was diagnosed with a myocardial infarction, which snack foods should the nurse encourage the client to eat? (Select all that apply).Fresh turkey slices and berries raw unsalted almonds and applesThe nurse is triaging several children as they present to the emergency room after an accident. Which child requires the most immediate intervention by the nurse?An 11-year-old with a headache, nausea, and projectile vomitingWhich needle should the nurse use to administer intravenous fluids (IV) via a client's implanted port?One with the clampThe nurse is caring for a 17-year-old male who fell 20 feet 5 months ago while climbing the side of a cliff and has been in a sustained vegetative state since the accident. Which intervention should the nurse implement?Talk directly to the adolescent while providing careAn unlicensed assistive personnel (UAP) reports that a client's right hand and fingers spasms when taking the blood pressure using the same arm. After confirming the presence of spams what action should the nurse take?Review the client's serum calcium levelWhile a child is hospitalized with acute glomerulonephritis, the parents ask why blood pressure readings are taken so often. Which response by the nurse is most accurate?Elevated blood pressure must be anticipated and identified quicklyFollowing an open reduction of the tibia, the nurse notes bleeding on the client's cast. Which action should the nurse implement?Outline the area with ink and check it every 15 minutes to see if the area has increasedThe mother of a child recently diagnosed with asthma asks the nurse how to help protect her child from having asthmatic attacks. To avoid triggers for asthmatic attacks, which instructions should the nurse provide the mother? (Select all that apply)Close car windows and use air conditioner Avoid sudden changes in temperature Keep away from pets with long hair Stay indoors when grass is being cutA school nurse is called to the soccer field because a child has a nose bleed (epistaxis). In what position should the nurse place the child?Sitting up and leaning forwardAn elderly male client is admitted to the urology unit with acute renal failure due to a postrenal obstruction. Which questions best assists the nurse in obtaining relevant historical data?Have you had any difficulty in starting your urinary stream"A child is diagnosed with acquired aplastic anemia. The nurse knows that this child has the best prognosis with which treatment regimen?Bone marrow transplantationFor the past 24 hours, an antidiarrheal agent, diphenoxylate, has been administered to a bedridden, older client with infectious gastroenteritis. Which finding requires the nurse to take further action?Tented skin turgorA client is admitted with an exacerbation of heart failure secondary to COPD. Which observations by the nurse require immediate intervention to reduce the likelihood of harm to this client? (Select all that apply).A full pitcher of water is on the bedside table The client is lying in a supine position in bedA client's subjective data includes dysuria, urgency, and urinary frequency. What action should the nurse implement next?Collect a clean-catch specimenThe nurse reviews the laboratory findings of a client with an open fracture of the tibia. The white blood cell (WBC) count and erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) are elevated. Before reporting this information to the healthcare provider, what assessment should the nurse obtain?Appearance of woundA client with a traumatic brain injury becomes progressively less responsive to stimuli. The client has a "Do Not Resuscitate" prescription, and the nurse observes that the unlicensed assistive personnel (UAP) has stopped turning the client from side to side as previously schedules. What action should the nurse take?Advise the UAP to resume positioning the client on scheduleA client is admitted to the surgical unit with symptoms of a possible intestinal obstruction. When preparing to insert a nasogastric (NG) tube, which intervention should the nurse implement?Elevate the head of the bed 60 to 90 degreesThe HCP prescribes methotrexate 7.5 mg PO weekly, in 3 divides doses for a child with rheumatoid arthritis whose body surface area (BSA) is 0.6 m2. The therapeutic dosage of methotrexate PO is 5 to 15 mg/m2/week. How many mg should the nurse administer in each of the three doses given weekly? (Enter the numeric value only. If round is required, round to the nearest tenth.)1.5The charge nurse observes a new nurse preparing to insert an intravenous (IV) catheter. The new nurse has gathered supplies, including intravenous catheters, an intravenous insertion kit, and a 4x4 sterile gauze dressing to cover and secure the insertion site. What action should the charge nurse take?Instruct the nurse to use a transparent dressing over the siteThe nurse is preparing to administer an IV dose of ciprofloxacin to a client with urinary tract infection. Which client data requires the most immediate intervention by the nurse?Serum creatinine of 4.5 mg/dl (398 mcmol/L SI)An adult client comes to the clinic and reports his concern over a lump that "just popped up on my neck about a week ago." In performing an examination of the lump, the nurse palpates a large, non-tender, hardened left subclavian lymph node. There is no overlying tissue inflammation. What do these finding suggest?MalignancyThe unit clerk reports to the charge nurse that a healthcare provider has written several prescriptions that are illegible and it appears the healthcare provider used several unapproved abbreviations in the prescriptions. What actions should the charge nurse take?Call the healthcare provider who wrote the prescriptionThe nurse is caring for a group of clients with the help of a practical nurse (PN). Which nursing actions should the nurse assign to the PN? (Select all that apply.)A. Administer a dose of insulin per sliding scale for a client with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM). B. Obtain postoperative vital signs for a client one day following unilateral knee arthroplasty C. Perform daily surgical dressing change for a client who had an abdominal hysterectomyA confused, older client with Alzheimer's disease becomes incontinent of urine when attempting to find the bathroom. Which action should the nurse implement?Assist the client's to a bedside commode every two hoursThe nurse discovers that an elderly client with no history of cardiac or renal disease has an elevated serum magnesium level. To further investigate the cause of this electrolyte imbalance, what information is most important for the nurse to obtain from the client's medical historyFrequency of laxative use for chronic constipationIn caring for a client who is receiving linezolid IV for nosocomial pneumonia, which assessment finding is most important for the nurse to report to the healthcare provider?Watery diarrheaThe nurse is preparing to mix two medications from two different multidose vials, A and B. In which order should these actions be implemented when drawing the solutions from the vials? (Arrange from first on top to last on the bottom)Verify the drug and dose with the label on the vial Inject the volume of air to be aspirated from each vial Aspirate the desired volume from vial A Aspirate the desired volume from vial BAn 11-year-old client is admitted to the mental health unit after trying to run away from home and threatening self-harm. The nurse establishes a goal to promote effective coping, and plans to ask the client to verbalize three ways to deal with stress. Which activity is best to establish rapport and accomplish this therapeutic goal?Play a board game with the client and begin taking about stressorAn older male client with a history of diabetes mellitus, chronic gout, and osteoarthritis comes to the clinic with a bag of medication bottles. Which intervention should the nurse implement first?Identify pills in the bagAn adult male with schizophrenia who has been noncompliant in taking oral antipsychotic medications refuses a prescribed IM medication. Which action should the nurse take?Notify the healthcare provider of the client's refusalAn adult male who fell from a roof and fractures his left femur is admitted for surgical stabilization after having a soft cast applied in the emergency department. Which assessment finding warrants immediate intervention by the nurse?Weak palpable distal pulsesA male client with an antisocial personality disorder is admitted to an in-patient mental health unit for multiple substance dependency. When providing a history, the client justifies to the nurse his use of illicit drugs. Based on this pattern of behavior this client's history is most likely to include which finding?Multiple convictions for misdemeanors and class B felonies.A client who is at 10-weeks gestation calls the clinic because she has been vomiting for the past 24 hours. The nurse determines that the client has no fever. Which instructions should the nurse give to this client?Come to the clinic to be seen by a healthcare providerA client who has a suspected brain tumor is schedules for a computed (CT) scan. When preparing the client for the client for the CT scan, which intervention should the nurse implement?Obtain the client's food allergy historyA client is being treated for syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone (SIADH). On examination, the client has a weight gain of 4.4 lbs (2 kg) in 24 hours and an elev ated blood pressure. Which intervention should the nurse implement first?Ensure client takes a diuretic q AMThe nurse is preparing to gavage feed a premature infant through an orogastric tube. During insertion of the tube, the infant's heart rate drops to 60 beats / minute. Which action should the nurse take?Postpone the feeding until the infant's vital signs and stableAn infant is receiving gavage feedings via nasogastric tube. At the beginning of the feeding, the infant's heart rate drops to 80 beats / minute. What action should the nurse takeSlow the feeding and monitor the infant's response.A male client is admitted with a bowel obstruction and intractable vomiting for the last several hours despite the use of antiemetics. Which intervention should the nurse implement first? pH 7.50; PaCo2 42; HCO3 33; pO2 92Infuse 0.9 % sodium chloride 500 ml bolusWhile removing staples from a male client's postoperative wound site, the nurse observes that the client's eyes are closed and his face and hands are clenched. The client states, "I just hate having staples removed." After acknowledging the client's anxiety, what action should the nurse implement?Attempt to distract the client with general conversationThe nurse and an unlicensed assistive personnel (UAP) are providing care for a client with a nasogastric tube (NGT) when the client begins to vomit. How should the nurse manage this situation?Direct the UAP to measure the emesis while the nurse irrigates the NGTA preschooler with constipation needs to increase fiber intake. Which snack suggestion should the nurse provide?oatmeal cookiesAfter multiple attempts to stop drinking, an adult male is admitted to the medical intensive care unit (MICU) with delirium tremens. He is tachycardic, diaphoretic, restless, and disoriented. Which finding indicates a life- threatening condition?Widening QRS complexes and flat wavesThe home health nurse is preparing to make daily visits to a group of clients. Which client should the nurse visit first?A client with congestive heart failure who reports a 3 pound weight gain in the last two daysA female client is admitted for diabetic crisis resulting from inadequate dietary practices. After stabilization, the nurse talks to the client about her prescribed diet. What client characteristic is most import for successful adherence to the diabetic diet?Demonstrates willingness to adhere to the diet consistentlyOxygen at 5l/min per nasal cannula is being administered to a 10 year old child with pneumonia. When planning care for this child, what principle of oxygen administration should the nurse consider?Avoid administration of oxygen at high levels for extended periods.One day after abdominal surgery, an obese client complains of pain and heaviness in the right calf. What action should the nurse implement?Observe for unilateral swellingThe nurse is caring for a client with acute kidney injury (AKI) secondary to gentamicin therapy the client's serum blood potassium is elevated, which finding requires immediate action by the nurse?Anuria for the last 12 hours.A client presents to the labor and delivery unit, screaming "THE BABY IS COMING" which action should the nurse implement first.Observe the perineumDuring orientation, a newly hired nurse demonstrates suctioning of a tracheostomy in a skills class, as seen in the video. After the demonstration, the supervising nurse expresses concern that the demonstrated procedure increased the client's risk for which problem?infectionA male client with ulcerative colitis received a prescription for a corticosteroid last month, but because of the side effect he stopped taking the medication 6 year ago. Which finding warrants immediate intervention by the nurse?Anxiety and restlessness.A male client with diabetes mellitus type 2, who is taking pioglitazone PO daily, reports to the nurse the recent onset of nausea, accompanied by dark-colored urine, and a yellowish cast to his skin. What instructions should the nurse provide?you need to seek immediate medical assistance to evaluate the cause of these symptoms"A client in the intensive care unit is being mechanically ventilated, has an indwelling urinary catheter in place, an exhibiting signs of restlessness. Which action should the nurse take fist?Auscultate bilateral breath soundsA young adult female client with recurrent pelvic pain for 3 year returns to the clinic for relief of severe dysmenorrhea. The nurse reviews her medical record which indicates that the client has endometriosis. Based on this finding, what information should the nurse provide this client?Oral contraceptives increase the symptoms of endometriosis.A 75-year-old female client is admitted to the orthopedic unit following an open reduction and internal fixation of a hip fracture. On the second postoperative day, the client becomes confused and repeatedly asks the nurse she is. What information for the nurse to obtain?History of alcohol use,To reduce the risk of being named in malpractice lawsuit, which action is most important for the nurse to take?Adhere consistently to standards of care.A client with multiple sclerosis is receiving beta-1b interferon every other day. To assess for possible bone marrow suppression caused by the medication, which serum laboratory test findings should the nurse monitor? (Select all that apply)A. Platelet count B. Red blood cell count (RBC) C. White blood cell count (WBC).Which assessment is more important for the nurse to include in the daily plan of care for a client with a burned extremity?Distal pulse intensityThe nurse needs to add a medication to a liter of 5% Dextrose in Water (D5W) that is already infusing into a client. At what location should the nurse inject the medication?medication portA client with a liver abscess develops septic shock. A sepsis resuscitation bundle protocol is initiated and the client receives a bolus of IV fluids. Which parameter should the nurse monitor to assess effectiveness of the fluid bolus?Oxygen saturationThe nurse is assessing and elderly bedridden client. Which finding indicates that the turning and positioning schedule is effective in protecting the client's skin?Reddened skin areas disappear within 15 minutes of being turned and positioned.A client is admitted to a mental health unit after attempting suicide by taking a handful of medications. In developing a plan of care for this client, which goal has the highest priority?Signs a no-self-harm contract.A 17-year -old male is brought to the emergency department by his parents because he has been coughing and running a fever with flu-like symptoms for the past 24 hours. Which intervention should the nurse implement first?Place a mask on the client's face.An older client is admitted for repair of a broken hip. To reduce the risk for infection in the postoperative period, which nursing care interventions should the nurse include in the client's plan of care? (Select all that apply)Teach client to use incentive spirometer q2 hours while awake. Remove urinary catheter as soon as possible and encourage voiding.The nurse is ready to insert an indwelling urinary catheter as seen in the picture. At this point in the procedure, what actions should the nurse take before inserting the catheter? (Select all that apply)C. Gently palpate the client's bladder for distention D. Hold the catheter 3 - 4 inches (7.5 - 10 cm) from its tip E. Secure the urinary drainage bag to the bed frame
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