Social Studies Unit 3 Test

Unit 3 test. Need to also know colonial maps and time line. Not all of it will be multiple choice. I dont think:P
STUDY
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Navigation Acts (1650-1700s)
-put theory of mercantilism into practice
-trade with colonies was to be conducted only in English or colonial ships
-some legislation protected colonial interests
-Vice-Admiralty courts set up to bring criminal charges for smuggling
-stifled colonial manufacturing
Proclamation of 1763
-King George III issued this proclamation.
-recognized the Indians' right to the land
-did not allow colonists to settle west of the Appalachian Mountains
-colonists unhappy with attempt to control them
Currency Act (1764)
-assumed control of colonial currency system
-currency could only be obtained through trade as regulated by Britain
Stamp Act (1765)
-taxed anything printed on paper
-Committees of Correspondence was formed to keep in contact with other colonies
-Sons of Liberty was formed to protest British policies
-Stamp Act Congress met to request repeal of act
-act was repealed because of colonial boycott of British goods
Declaratory Act (1765)
-King George III declared that Parliament had full authority over legislation in the colonies.
Quartering Act (1765)
-required colonists to house and feed British soldiers
-colonists did not like having a standing army
-soldiers used writs of assistance, or blank search warrants
-housing and supply soldiers was costly
Townshend Acts (1767)
-tax on imported tea, glass, paper, and other items
-colonists boycotted
-Daughters of Liberty helped with boycott by making cloth
-Sons of Liberty used violence against tax collectors to protest these acts
Boston Massacre (1770)
-deadly riot which resulted in five colonists being killed by British soldiers
-incident used as propaganda and became known as the Boston Massacre
Tea Act/Boston Tea Party (1773)
-made a monopoly over tea; only sold by British East India Company
-Sons of Liberty illegally boarded British ships and dumped the tea into Boston Harbor
Coercive (Intolerable) Acts (1774)
-effort to get colonists to pay for the tea and keep them from planning other attacks
-closed the port of Boston which stopped trade, did not allow town meetings, gave Britain control of the colony
1. What did the thirteen colonies do in 1776 in response to British policies?
Declare Independence from Great Britain
2. What was the major problem colonists had with the Stamp Act of 1765?
The British were imposing taxes without the consent of the colonists.
3. Before the American Revolution, what war did the British claim the colonists owed money for?
The French and Indian War
4. Who founded the US Navy during the American Revolution?
John Paul Jones
5. What was the major reason British issued the Proclamation of 1763?
The Proclamation of 1763 was to protect the colonists from conflicts with the American Indians.
6. Where were the first shots of the American Revolution fired?
Lexington
7. What are the unalienable rights referred to in the Declaration of Independence?
Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Happiness
8. The Tea Party was the culmination of a resistance movement throughout British
America against the Tea Act, which had been passed by the British Parliament in 1773.
Colonists objected to the Tea Act for a variety of reasons, especially because they believed
that it violated their right to be taxed only by their own elected representatives.
Protesters had successfully prevented the unloading of taxed tea in three other colonies,
but in Boston, embattled Royal Governor Thomas Hutchinson refused to allow the tea to
be returned to Britain. He apparently did not expect that the protestors would choose to
destroy the tea rather than concede the authority of a legislature in which they were not
directly represented.
According to the passage above, why were colonists so angry about the tea delivered to Boston?
They had no voice in the British Government and decisions about when and how to tax the colonists.
9. What was the Second Continental Congress‟ MOST important accomplishment?
The Declaration of Independence
10. What did the Treaty of Paris give the newly formed U.S.?
Closure of all British forts in the west
11. What battle is considered a turning point for the U.S.?
Battle of Saratoga
12. What were protests and demonstrations following the Stamp Act examples of?
Civil Disobedience
13. In the Declaration of Independence Jefferson wrote grievances against the King of England including taxation without representation, quartering of troops in colonial homes, and search and without warrants. What actions by King George provided examples that moved the colonists to prepare these documents?
Stamp Act and Intolerable Acts
14. After suffering several defeats, Washington took his troops out of the fight in order to train them into a more professional army. During this time the young colonial army faced one of its severest tests as they suffered through starvation and frostbite. For those who remained, they came out a dedicated united fighting force that was able to turn the tide of the war.
What event is being described above?
Winter At Valley Forge
15. I. Boston Tea Party
II. Townsend Acts
III. Stamp Act
IV. Intolerable Acts
What is the correct sequence of the above acts?
III
II
I
IV
16.
Patriots
Sons of Liberty
Loyalists
Which of the above would have opposed the Declaration of Independence?
Loyalists
17. Thomas Jefferson wrote the Declaration of Independence as Thomas Paine wrote
Common Sense
18. I.
1. Supplies of Raw Materials
2. Market for British Goods
The outline above represents one of the grievances that caused the American Revolution. What BEST completes the Outline?
18. I. Mercantilism
1. Supplies of Raw Materials
2. Market for British Goods
The outline above represents one of the grievances that caused the American Revolution. What BEST completes the Outline? Mercantilism
1 7 0 6
Born in Boston
1 7 3 2
Published the first edition of Poor Richard's Almanac
1 7 7 8
Negotiated and signed Treaty of Alliance with France
1 7 8 7
Served as delegate to the Philadelphia Convention
1 7 9 0
Died in Philadelphia

Who does the list above describe?
Benjamin Franklin
A slave in Virginia; worked for the Marquis de Lafayette as a spy for the Continental Army. Posing as a double agent, forger and servant at British headquarters, he moved freely between the lines with vital information on British troop movements for Lafayette contributing to the victory at Yorktown.
James Armistead:
commander and chief of the Continental Army during the American Revolution
George Washington:
\served as John Adams‟ (her husband) confident and support during the writing of the Declaration of Independence
Abigail Adams:
: lawyer and politician, defended British Soldiers after the Boston Massacre, a member of the Continental Congress, strong supporter for independence
John Adams
: organized opposition to the Stamp Act, protests waged by Sons of Liberty, and the Boston Massacre
Samuel Adams
a member of the committee that wrote the Declaration of Independence; negotiated alliance with France and the Treaty of Paris which ended the American Revolution.
Benjamin Franklin:
maintained an aggressive policy, but struggled to enforce royal authority in the thirteen colonies
King George III:
a member of the House of Burgesses; spoke against the Stamp Act; famous quote "Give me liberty or give me death"; during the American Revolution, served in the Continental Army.
Patrick Henry:
early and effective leader in the American Revolution; Wrote the Declaration of Independence.
Thomas Jefferson:
French aristocrat who played a leading role in France and the American Revolution; respected the concepts of liberty and freedom and constitutional government; between 1776 and 1779 fought in the American Revolution.
The Marquis de Lafayette
journalist who wrote the pamphlet "Common Sense" persuading Americans to join the Patriot cause.
Thomas Paine:
founder of the U.S. Navy and led raids on British vessels during the American Revolution.
John Paul Jones:
reaction to King George III‟s refusal to acknowledge the colonial requests/demands, "dissolve the political bands" with Britain, provided philosophy for the establishment of the new nation ("all men are created equal and are endowed by their creator with certain inalienable rights, that among these are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness"), and listed grievances against the King of England.
Declaring Independence:
written at the Second Continental Congress (1776), created a new form of government for the independent colonies, included one branch of government,-a Congress including one representative from each colony.
Articles of Confederation
first battle of the American Revolution, (The shot that was heard „round the world")
Lexingtonand Concord
turning point of the American Revolution; France joined the colonies after this victory.
Batlle of Saratoga
surrender of Cornwallis brought an end to the American Revolution
Battle of Yorktown
after suffering several defeats, George Washington took his army to Valley Forge for the winter of 1777, there the men were trained and became a better army, the winter was harsh and men suffered from starvation and frostbite.
Winter of Valley Forge
: independence of the colonies is recognized by Britain; boundaries are extended Canada in the North, the Mississippi River in the West, and Florida in the South.
Signing of the Treaty of Paris 1783