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(1806) napolean defeated prussia so they are now part of them

Confederation of the Rhine

formed by napolean of 16 states after he defeated france and austria in battle of austerlitz


1834. used to manage customs and economic policies

Revolution of 1848

wide spread revolution around europe

Frankfurt Assembly

first freely elected parliament in Germany. failed in its attempt to unify germany as constitutional monarchy

Otto von Bismarck

a prussian that oversaw the unification of germany

"Blood and Iron"

He felt that the great things are not finished with speeches and votes...but with iron and blood

Danish War (1864)

led to prussia and austria splitting Schleswig and Holstein

Seven Week's War (1866)

ended austrian-prussian competition for domination of the germany states

Franco-Prussian War (1870-1871)

final step in the unification of germany

Three emperor's leauge

tsar alexander II (russia), franz joseph I (austria-hungary), kaiser wilhelm (germany)

dual alliance

germany and austria hungary

triple alliance

cerntral powers= germany, austria-hungary, italy

triple entente

france, russia, britain

reinsurance treaty

ottowon bismark's last attempt to get russia back because of serbo bulgarian war in 1884

russo-japanese war

showed industrial strengths soon to come


ship with large gun. royal navy

balkan war

ottomans attack... agitation

schlieffen plan

german plan to take france. go arond paris instead. cross belgium to get there

plan 17

french plan to take alsace-lorraine

francis frdinand

archduke of austria, was they launched war on the serbs..russia wanted to fight back. they go to war

battle of the frontiers

where the schiefflen plan and plan 17 collided. fought on the eastern front of france. plan 17 loses.

battle of tannenberg

early german victory over russia

first battle of the marne

halted german drive on paris in 1914

battle of verdun/battle of somme

verdun-german attempt to defeat france by attrition
somme offensive-heavy British losses with little gain


french and british try to take constantinople. of the ottoman/turks. failed

allies vs. central powers

The Allied Powers in WWI were Britain, France, Italy, US and Russia.
The Central Powers were Germany, Austria-Hungary, Ottoman Empire (Turkey), and Bulgaria.

mexican revolution (1914)

poncho villa tries to get us but we take it to him


(1915) germans sink our boats. international water should be anyone's water

zimmerman telegram

(1917)US entry into war because germans try to tell mexicans to wage war agaisnt us.

March telegram

in 1917 the russians are getting tired of the war so they go on strike

alexander kerensky

military revolutionary leader of the russians uring ww1

romanov dynasty


bolshevik revolution

led by vladimir lenin

treaty of brest-litovsk

russia leaves the war with no reparations

weimar republic

temporary government

treaty of rapallo

between russia and germany. gave them fairness

dawes plan

us helps to stabalize german currency by giving them money. US bailout of Germany 1924

locarno pact

germany admits they messed up

kellogg-briand pact

international agreement for everyone to swear never to fight war to settle an international dispute

great depression

black tuesday

smoot hawley tariff

30% tariff on imported goods. helped spread great depression


countries take care of themselves. economic self sufficiency

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