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Scarlet Letter 1-166 Vocab

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pompous
exaggerated show of dignity or self-importance, bombastic. ANT- humble; meek
ponderous
very heavy, unwieldy from weight. ANT- lightweight
portal
a doorway (especially a large one)
portent
a sign or forewarning
posterity
future generations, all descendants of a person. ANT- forebears
potent
powerful, having a strong effect. ANT- ineffectual
potentate
a monarch, very powerful ruler, sovereign.
prattle
meaningless sounds, babble. ANT- articulate language
precipice
a very steep cliff or mass of rock, the brink of something dangerous. ANT- cavern
precocious
exceptionally early in development or occurrence. ANT- backward
predilection
preference. ANT- dislike; disinclination
primeval
ancient, relating to the earliest ages. ANT- recently developed
prolific
abundantly fruitful, marked by great productivity. ANT- barren; unfruitful
propensity
preference, natural inclination. ANT- aversion
propinquity
nearness; kinship.
propriety
correct conduct. ANT- indecorum
quaint
unusual in character or appearance. ANT- ordinary
regimen
the regular process, procedure or system of doing something. ANT- unsystematic activity
remonstrate
to protest, to make objections. ANT- to agree; to acquiesce
replete
filled to capacity, abundantly supplied. ANT- devoid
requite
to make repayment or to return. ANT- to withhold
revere
to honor, to regard with respect. ANT- to despise
rotund
very plump, round. ANT- gaunt
sagacious
wise, shrewd, very discerning. ANT- ignorant; uninformed; undiscerning
scintillating
sparkling, shining, or flashing. ANT- dull
sedulously
very diligent, accomplishing with painstaking care. ANT- haphazardly
sentinel
one who keeps guard as a sentry
solace
to comfort or to cheer. ANT- to deride; to harass.
stalwart
one who supports a cause with firm partisanship
superfluous
beyond what is needed or required, an overflow. ANT- necessary
tarry
to delay in coming or going, to linger. ANT- to depart promptly
tempestuous
turbulent, stormy. ANT- calm
tome
a book that is a large volume
torpid
sluggish, inactive, dull. ANT- active; animated
unobtrusive
not readily noticeable, inconspicuous. ANT- noticeable, obvious
vagrant
a wanderer who does not have a home
venerate
to honor, to revere
vicissitude
a passing from one thing to another, change of luck
virtuous
having excellent morals; righteous. ANT- depraved
vista
a distant view seen through an opening
vitiated
impaired, corrupted, or made ineffective. ANT- strengthened
voluminous
marked by great volume or size. ANT- slight
voluptuous
pleasurable to the senses, sensuous. ANT- plain; homely
wan
very pale and sickly. ANT- full of vitality
witticism
a clever and witty remark. ANT- platitude
zenith
the highest point overhead, peak. ANT- lowest point
fugitive
a person who is elusive or hard to find, wandering; ephermeral, evanescent, fleeting, transient, transitory
furrow
to make wrinkles or grooves
gaunt
very thin, emaciated, angular; lank, lean, rawboned, spare
gentility
state of refinement, member of the upper class or gentry
gratuitous
given freely, unwarranted
grievous
characterized by severe suffering or sorrow, serious or grave
ignominy
disgraceful or dishonorable conduct; disgrace, disrepute, infamy
imbibe
to absorb or to drink in
imperious
extremely overbearing; domineering, imperative, masterful, preemptory
implicit
understood but not directly expressed
import
relative importance, significance
impugn
to assail or to attack one's honor or integrity
impute
to blame or to charge
inauspicious
unfavorable
incantation
a spell, written or recited formula of words desined for a particular effect
inclement
stormy, severe
incongruity
nonconformity, disagreement, incompatibility
incurious
uninterested, lacking normal curiousity
indefatigable
tireless, incapable of being fatigued
inextricable
not able to be disentangled
infamous
having a reputation of the worst kind, visious, notoriously bad; disreputable, ignominious
inopportune
inconvenient, poorly timed
inscrutable
difficult to understand; mysterious
insidious
treacherous or dangerous in a secret sort of way
inveterate
firmly established, habitual, deep-rooted
inviolable
secure from violation or from being profaned
jocular
jesting or joking; facetious, jocose, jocund
jollity
merriment, state of being jolly; glee, hilarity, mirth
labyrinthine
like a maze, very convoluted and intricate; mazy
lament
to mourn or to express sorrow in a demonstrative manner; bemoan, bewail, deplore
dearth
a lack, a scarcity; paucity
decorousness
proper behavior
decorum
appropriate conduct, correct and proper behavior
deleterious
harmful, dangerous, injurious; baneful, detrimental, noxious, pernicious
depravity
moral corruption, a wicked or perverse act; abasement, corruption, debasement, debauchery, perversion
derision
scoffing at, mockery, ridicule
despondency
depression, dejection
despotic
ruling oppressively and absolutely; tyrannical
discern
to differentiate between two or more things
duplicity
double-dealing, hypocrisy
edifice
a very large building
effervescent
showing high spirits
endow
to provide with income or property, to supply with a talent or quality
enmity
absolute hatred; animosity, animus, antagonism, antipathy, hostility, rancor
entreaty
a plea, an earnest request; adjuration, appeal, suit, importunity, supplication
enumerate
to count one by one
erudite
scholarly
esoteric
understood only by a small group or select few
estrange
to alienate, to separate; disaffect, wean
ethereal
heavenly, unusually delicate, light, lacking material substance, intangible
eulogy
praise or tribute; encomium, panegyric, tribute
evanescent
fleeting, impermanent; ephemeral, fugitive, transient, transitory
exigent
urgent, requiring immediate attention
expiate
to atone or to make amends for a sin or a crime
extant
still in existence
fervent
ardent, showing great emotion, impassioned; passionate, fervid, perfervid
florid
flowery, flushed with color
foliage
leaves of a plant, leafage
forbearance
patience, lenience
foreboding
premonition of evil, an ominous omen; prediciton, portent, presentiment
abase
to degrade, to humiliate
abate
to reduce in intensity or amount
abstruse
difficult to understand, recondite, concealed
abyss
bottomless hole, a vast expanse or depth
acuity
sharpness of perception
affinity
a likeness, a natural relationship, a kinship
alacrity
prompt and cheerful response
alchemist
one who practices medieval chemistry or tries to change metals into gold
alloy
a substance that is a mixture of metals
amenable
open to or willing to follow advice or suggestion, tractable, malleable
antipathy
a dislike, distaste, or enmity
append
to add in a supplementary manner
arduous
very difficult to accomplish or to achieve, very demanding
ascend
to move upward, to rise from a lower station
ascetic
one who leads a life of self-denial and contemplation, absent of luxury
audacity
excessive boldness, rashness, daring
augury
an omen or prophecy
auspicious
favorable
austere
strict, stern; unadorned, ascetic
balm
a soothing substance or one that gives relief
benevolence
kindness, generosity, charity
benign
not causing harm, of gentle disposition, beneficial
betoken
to give a sign of
blighted
destroyed or caused by decline or decay
buoyant
capable of floating; cheerful
burnish
to make shiny or polish by rubbing
calamity
a serious event causing distress or misfortune
capricious
changing suddenly, fickle
consecrate
to dedicate or to declare sacred
credible
reliable and believable
languid
slow, sluggish, listless, weak. ant- animated
laud
to praise, to extol. ant-to defame
loquacious
very talkative. ant-taciturn
lurid
sensational, gruesome, and causing shock or horror.
magnate
a person of power and influence. Ant- pauper
malefactor
a criminal. Ant-law-abiding citizen
malevolence
ill will or evil intentions. Ant- benevolence
malicious
motivated by hate or deliberate intent to harm. Ant- Kind
malleable
capable of being shaped, influenced, or altered; tractable. Ant- unpliable
malancholy
depression of spirits. ant-happiness
mirth
gladness and merriment usually accompanied by laughter. Ant- sadness
misanthrope
a hater of mankind. Ant- Philanthrompist
mollify
to soothe or to appease,. To assuage. Ant- to aggravate.
oblivion
state of being forgotten. Ant- Remembrance
Obscure
difficult to see, vague. Ant- Clear; apparent
obtuse
dull of mind, insensitive, stupid. Ant- intelligent
obviates
makes unnecessary, prevents as a result of anticipating. ant- instigates; begins
odious
deserving hate or contempt. Ant- respectable
ominous
threatening. Ant- harmless; non-threatening.
opaque
not allowing the passage of light, not transparent; hard to understand. Ant- transparent
palliate
to ease pain, guilt or intensity. Ant-to intensify.
pallor
extreme paleness usually relating to the face. Ant- ruddy color.
palpable
tangible, perceptible, easily noticeable.
peal
a loud ringing(of bells usually)
penitent
showing or feeling regret for wrongdoing, repentant. Ant- Unrepentant
petty
small and insignificant. Ant- significant; prodigious
petulance
unreasonable touchiness or irritability. Ant- Serenity.
Piety
devotion and reverence to God. Ant- irreverence
placid
peaceful, calm. Ant- disturbed
plaintive
mournful and expressing sorrow. Ant- Joyful