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Accounting CH 7
Terms in this set (19)
accelerated depreciation method
a depreciation method that writes off a relatively larger amount of the assets's cost nearer the start of its useful life than the straight line method does
the systematic reduction of a lump-sum amount. expense that applies to intangible assets in the same way depreciation applies to plant assets and depletion applies to natural resources
Expenditure that increases an asset's capacity or efficiency or extends its useful life. Capital expenditures are debited to an asset account.
Exclusive right to reproduce and sell a book, musical composition, film, other work of art, or computer program. Issued by the federal government, copyrights extend 70 years beyond the author's life
That portion of a natural resource's cost that is used up in a particular period. Depletion expense is computed in the same way as units of production depreciation
the cost of a plant asset minus its estimated residual value
double declining balance (DDB) method
An accelerated depreciation method that computes annual depreciation by multiplying the asset's decreasing book value by a constant percentage, which is two times the straight line method
estimated residual value
Expected cash value of an asset at the end of its useful life. Also called residual value, scrap value, or salvage value
estimated useful life
length of service that a business expects to get from an asset. May be expressed in years, units of output, miles, or other measures
franchises and licenses
Privileges granted by a private business or a government to sell a product or service in accordance with specified conditions.
excess of the cost of an acquired company over the sum of the market values of its net assets
The condition that exists when the carrying amount of a long-lived asset exceeds its fair value.
an asset with no physical form, a special right to current and expected future benefits
Modified Accelerated cost recovery system (MACRS)
A special depreciation method used only for income tax purposes
A federal government grant giving the holder the exclusive right for 20 years to produce and sell an invention
long-lived assets, such as land, buildings, and equipment used in the operation of the business. Also called fixed assets.
straight line (SL) method
Depreciation method in which an equal amount of depreciation expense is assigned to each year of asset use
trademark, trade name
a distinctive identification of a product or service (also called brand name)
Units of production (UOP) method
depreciation method by which a fixed amount of depreciation is assigned to each unit of output produced by the plant asset.
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