history final

Thomas Jefferson
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Terms in this set (60)
CapitalismIdea that property and business should be owned by private individuals and companiesLaissez-FaireBelief that government should stay out of government affairsMonopolyThese were organizations that controlled an entire industryRobber BaronsNegative name for men who were getting rich through entrepreneurship and new inventionsCaptain of IndustryPositive name for men who were getting rich through entrepreneurship and new inventionsThomas EdisonInvented the light bulb, phonograph, and movie projectorCryus McCormickInvented many new pieces of farm machineryBooker T. WashingtonCalled on African Americans to "pull themselves up from their own bootstraps" by building up their economic resources and establishing their reputations as hardworking and honest citizensEli Whitneyinvented the concept of interchangeable partsJim Crow Lawslaws that sought to limit the rights of African Americans and keep them a landless workerspopulistpolitical party of angry farmers was founded in the later 1800s bases on the idea that farmers should form buying and marketing alliancearbitrationmethod of settling disagreements between employers and workers through legally binding decision by an impartial personw.e.b du boisurged african-americans to demand immediately all the rights guaranteed by the constitutionwilliam mckinleypresident elected in 1900 who was assassinatedmuckrakersnovelists and journalists who starred reform desires by publishing sotries of corporate wrongdoing, minicipal corruption, slum conditions, and factory lifesherman anti-trust actreform movement in late 19th and early 20th century that worked to improve city and state government, conservation, working conditions, and unfair business practicesbull moose partynickname for progressive partywilliam jennings bryanpresidential candidate in 1894 for the populist partyupton sinclairsocialist who wrote the jungleProhibitionthe idea that alcohol should be illegalteddy rooseveltissued the big stick policy of dealing with foreign policyalvin yorkwwi hero who captured 132 germans single-handedlyimperialismpractice of one country extending its rule over other countries or coloniesmaineship that was destroyed in havana, cubamiltarismglorify the military, emphasize military buildup, and increase military activityleague of nationspeacetime organization created by wilsonyellow journalismsensationalized the news to raise the emotion of its readersrough ridersrecruited from cowboys, polo players, and marksmen to fight in the spanish-american warselective service actissued by the government and allows for military draftwilliam taftonly man in american history to serve as president and as a supreme court justicenew dealduring the depression, this was a government program to create jobsscopes trialcontroversial case invling the teaching of darwins theory of evolutional caponechicago bootlegger and gangsterred scarereflected americas fear of communismblack tuesdayoctober 29, 1929 is the day the stock market crashed, also known as this:speakeasyan illegal, secret bar19th amendmentgave women the right to vote18th amendmentmade alcohol illegalcalvin coolidgethe man said "the business of america is business." he was also hardings vpcharlie chaplinsilent movie comedian who always wore a derby hat and a mustachetotalitarianismtheory of government in which a single party or leader controls the economic, social, and cultural lives of its peoplefascismMussolini started this party and appealed to those looking for strong leadership and restoring national prideanti-semiticprejudice and discrimination against jewish peopleblitzkrieg"lightning war" that emphasized the use of speed and firepower to penetrate deep into enemy territoryaxis powersgroup of countries led by germany, italy, and japan in wwiiallied powersgroup of countries led by britain, france, the usa, and the soviet union is wwiilend-lease actpassed in 1941 that allowed president Roosevelt to sell or lend war supplies to any country who defense he considered vital to the safety of the usarationinggovernment-controlled limits on the amount of certain goods that civilians could buy during wartimesaturation bombingtactic of dropping massive amounts of bombs in order to inflict maximum damagekamikazeJapanese pilots who deliberately crashed planes into american ships during wwii