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Terms in this set (27)
Approximately ____ of American adults are obese.
condition in which a person has an excess of adipose tissue.
Obesity in females is defined as greater than ____?
Obesity in males is defined as greater that ____?
We need to evaluate body fatness _______ and effectiveness of diet and exercise in maintaining ideal body weight.
Athletes determine what percent body fat provides________.
Men: 3.0- 5.0
Negative health consequence of obesity:
*Coronary artery disease
*Type II diabetes
*Increase risk of certain cancers
*Degenerative lipid disease
*Abnormal lipid profile
Apple-shape; Male pattern
Excessive storage of fat in the trunk/abdominal area
Pear-shape; Female pattern
Excess fat in the hips and thighs
______ tends to be the most dangerous and is closely linked with CVD.
______ is often used to determine fat patterning and risk for CVD associated with fat distribution.
*Waist circumference/Hip circumference
Health risk are very high for young men when waist-to-hip ratio is more than ___.
Health risk are very high for young women when waist-to-hip ratio is more than ___.
____ provides energy, helps regulate temperature, & cushions joints.
Degree of fatness
_______, not total body weight, has greatest effect on performance of > *Speed, Endurance, Balance & Agility, and Jumping ability.
% of female body fat
Studies show that even among elite athletes, _______ varies to a certain degree & no exact standards can be set.
Weight loss is mostly ______, but substantial amount of ______ is lost also.
free fatty acids
When crash dieting the body relies more heavily on _______ for energy because carbohydrates are not available.
When crash dieting it results in production of ______, a by product of fatty acids & protein metabolism.
Total body metabolism may decrease up to ___ when fasting.
People on crash diets cannot exercise on ______ because of depletion of glycogen stores.
It's almost imposible to lose more than ____ of fat in one week.
200-500 kcal less
For optimal weight loss, compare energy intake to energy output-- eat healthy but take _______ than daily expenditure.
100 kcal per day,
Decreasing kcal intake by only _______ over a year leads to loss of ____ it activity stays constant.
1-2 lbs per week
Optimal weight loss is no more than _______.
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