Terms in this set (41)
How many people suffer from mental disorders?
How does culture impact the definition of mental disorders?
Culture has a big impact on development. An individualistic culture will have differing beliefs on what is the correct sequence of development than a collectivistic culture would have. Also within these two broadly defined aspects there are many different sub groups that would operate under their own slightly different development beliefs.
the concept that diseases have physical causes that can be diagnosed, treated, and, in most cases, cured. When applied to psychological disorders, the medical model assumes that these mental illnesses can be diagnosed on the basis of their symptoms and cured through therapy, which may include treatment in a psychiatric hospital.
Proposes that it is useful to think of abnormal behavior as a disease
A movement grounded in the philosophy that all people, even the most challenged, are entitle to consideration and human compassion.
DSM IV TR
outlines the following disorders based on criteria of severity, duration and impairment.
Give 3 examples of how psychological disorders are diagnosed
What is the "Un-DSM"?
Is a prediction that directly or indirectly causes itself to become true, by the very terms of the prophecy itself, due to positive feedback between belief and behavior.
drowned her five children in the bathtub. Her lawyers presented the insanity defense, but she was found guilty and sentenced to life in prison. January 2005 the verdict was overturned on the basis of erroneous testimony
Psychological disorders characterized by distressing, persistent anxiety or maladaptive behaviors that reduce anxiety.
Generalized anxiety disorder
Characterized by excessive anxiety or worry about numerous things, lasting for 6 months or longer.
An anxiety disorder marked by unpredictable minutes-long episodes of intense dread in which a person experiences terror and accompanying chest pain, choking, or other frightening sensations.
An anxiety disorder marked by a persistent, irrational fear and avoidance of a specific object or situation.
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
Suffers from severe OCD
A disorder in which a person has lingering memories, nightmares, and other symptoms for weeks after a severely threatening, uncontrollable event
Positive psychological changes as a result of struggling with extremely challenging circumstances and life crises
What is the learning perspective of disorders?
- some things we see people doing in the act of stuttering is things that were learned after they started stuttering that got reinforced somehow or paired so it is continue
What is the Biological Perspective of disorders?
Species are groups of actually or potentially interbreeding natural populations, which are reproductively isolated from such groups.
A class of psychological disorders involving physical ailments with no authentic organic basis that are due to psychological factors.
A rare somatoform disorder in which a person experiences very specific genuine physical symptoms for which no physiological basis can be found.
A somatoform disorder characterized by excessive preoccupation with health concerns and incessant worry about developing physical illnesses.
Disorders in which conscious awareness becomes separated (dissociated) from previous memories, thoughts, and feelings.
3 faces of eve; DID
Dissociative Identity Disorder
A rare dissociative disorder in which a person exhibits two or more distinct and alternating personalities. Also called multiple personality disorder.
A class of disorders marked by emotional disturbances of varied kinds that may spill over to disrupt physical, perceptual, social, and thought processes.
Major depressive disorder
A mood disorder in which a person experiences, in the absence of drugs or a medical condition, two or more weeks of significantly depressed moods, feelings of worthlessness, and diminished interest or pleasure in most activities.
A mood disorder marked by a hyperactive, wildly optimistic state.
A mood disorder in which the person alternates between the hopelessness and lethargy of depression and the overexcited state of mania.
Postpartum depression, stressors from being in public eye, previous divorce, in-vitro fertilization, miscarriage, drop in estrogen, changes in serotonin, family history of mood disorder
How is suicide related to mental disorders?
What is the social-cognitive perspective of disorders
An approach to the study of development that emphasizes learning by observing the behavior of another person, called a model.
Affects mood, hunger, sleep, and arousal
False beliefs about external reality without an appropriate stimulus that cannot be explained by the individual's intelligence or cultural background
Describe the 5 types of schizophrenia
1. Magnetic 2. Contact 3. Gravitational 4. Friction 5. Electrical
What causes schizophrenia
too much or overutilization of dopamine
Psychological disorders characterized by inflexible and enduring behavior patterns that impair social functioning.
Antisocial personality disorder
A personality disorder in which the person (usually a man) exhibits a lack of conscience for wrongdoing, even toward friends and family members; may be aggressive and ruthless or a clever con artist.
What are at least 5 protective factors of mental disorders?
increased disease, reductions in sea ice, severe storms, receding glaciers, drought