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Nutrition and wellness 2
Terms in this set (80)
Name the 6 essential nutrients
Water carbs proteins minerals fats and lipids and vitamins
1 cup has...
3 benefits of water
no headaches, good skin, energy
how many teaspoons in a table spoon?
which vitamin helps prevent bleeding and is leafy green?
3 types of carbs:
monosaccharide, disaccharide, polysaccharide
Which carb is the best dietary choice?
simple carbs are made up of..
which is the best fat for you?
where should majority of calories come from?
2 purposes of food additives:
who regulates food additives and labeling?
vitamin that is a source of citrus, and helps fight infection...
sources include orange fruits/ veggies an helps with night vision
how many essential vitamins are there?
great for bone growth and found in milk and sun..
2 types of vitamins:
water and fat soluble
2 natural food additives:
sugar and salt
how many cups in a gallon?
complex carbs are made up of..
starches and fiber
mineral found in almonds, regulates body temp, helps heart, works with calcium:
mineral found in toothpaste and water:
how many cups in a pint?
2 sources where iron is found..
lean meat, and cereal
what is the rising ingredient?
what is the bulk of our diet?
what percentage of our daily calories should be carbs?
single sugar unit carb/ smallest=
glucose and fructose are __ carbs
2 sugar units; sucrose
starches, fibers, broke down during digestion
sugars, mono and di saccharides, table sugar, syrup, soda, least nutritious of carbs
starch and fiber; poly; bread, cereal, rice, pasta; healthier carb
DRI fiber for males 14-18:
DRI fiber for females 14-18:
if your 19-50, you should add___g to your fiber daily recommended intake
benefits of ____: feel full, prevents constipation, lower cal, lowers chance of GI tract diseases and colon cancer; helps control diabetes; lower risk of heart and artery disease
examples of natural sugar?
fructose and sucrose
what are the 3 edible parts of grain kernel?
bran, germ, endosperm
T or F: fiber intake should increase as we get older
Fiber comes from bran (Outer part of kernel)
what are side effects of too many carbs?
weight gain and diabetes
lack of or inability to use the hormone insulin
insulin dependent, and pancreas not able to make insulin
non insulin; body cells don't respond well to insulin in pancreas; more common
low blood glucose level; overproduction of insulin; blood sugar drop; shaking, headaches, hunger, anxiety; avoid eating large amounts of sugar at once
results of too much fat
coronary disease/ heart attacks and strokes
need fat as an insulator to protect...
fat processes ___ and ___ and provides ___ to the body
vitamins; minerals; energy
proteins that speed up chem reactions
what breaks down starch
what breaks down fats
fats and lipids help..
clog arteries, cause strokes and coronary heart disease; worst natural fat
omega 3; less fatty acid molecules; found in fish oils; help develop nervous system
olive oil, peanut oil, avocado; lowest fatty acid; best of 3 natural fats
not natural fat; not essential for human life
kids 2-3 should get _% of fat cals
4-18___% of fat cals
19 and up___% fat cals
substance a food producer intentionally adds to a food for a specific purpose
2 types of food additives?
natural and synthetic
natural food additives:
salt and sugar
synthetic food additives:
t or f: protein isn't stored
what % of food should be protein?
most important sources of vitamins?
fruits and veggies
A, D, E, and K are ... soluble (stored in tissue, if not completely used up, can be toxic)
B and C are... soluble (released from body if not used)
what 2 vitamins does your body make?
D and K
in a form our body can easily use
what vitamin can be screened in blood?
non caloric and inorganic nutrients found in a wide variety of foods
___ regulate body processes, maintain body, allow growth and cell reproduction
most abundant mineral; helps build teeth and bones
metabolism and healing, dna synthesis; growth
memory loss; good for expecting moms
healthy skin night vision
hair an nails and energy
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