How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

29 terms

Chapter 7

Cognitive:Thinking, Intelligence
STUDY
PLAY
Concepts
represents a class or category of objects,events or activities.
Superordinate Concept
most general form of a type of concept. "fruit"
Basic level type
type of concept around which other similar concepts are organized. "pear"
Thinking
mental activity goes on in brain when organizing and attempting to understand info and communicating info. to others.
Subordinate concept
most specific category of a concept."pear in hand"
Formed concepts
defined by specific rules or features.
Natural concepts
form as a result of their experiences
Prototype
concept that closely matches the defining charactersitics of a concept.
Problem solving
ability to solve problems
Trial and error
one possible solution after another is tried until a succesful one is found
Algorithms
specific, step by step procedures for solving certain types of problems.
Heuristic
ruling out what won't work.
Mean-end analysis
start there how do i get here.
Creativity
affective solution to a problem.
Convergent Thinking
problem seen as having only one answer, all lines of thinking will eventually lead to that single answer. using previous knowledge.
Divergent thinking
start with one point come up with ideas based on that one point.
G factor
general intelligence
S factor
excell in certain areas
Functional Fixedness
block to problem solving. Thinking about objects in terms of only their typical functions.
Mental set
solution stopped working keep trying.
Confirmation Bias
search for evidence that fits one's beliefs while ignoring any evidence that does not fit those beliefs.
Intelligence
potential for learning.
Triarchic theory of intelligence
analytical, creative, and practical. (Sternberg's)
Analytical Intelligence
break down in parts to analize and solve.
creative intelligence
deal with new and different concepts, come up with new ways of solving problems.
Practical Intelligence
street smarts
Standardization
giving test, large group of people that reps. kind of people for whom test is designed.
Validity
test measures what it is supposed to measure.
Reliability
test to produce same scores again and again each time it is given to the same people.