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35 terms

Apologia Biology Module 6 Review for Test

apologia biology study notes
STUDY
PLAY
egestion
the removal of non-soluble waste materials
excretion
the removal of soluble waste materials
secretion
the release of bio synthesized substances
layers of a plant cell
plasma membrane, secondary cell wall, primary cell wall
what is between two plant cells
middle lamella
digestion
the breakdown of absorbed substances
respiration
the breakdown of food molecules with a release of energy
absorption
the transport of dissolved substances into cells
biosynthesis
process of making useful substances
organelles involved in biosynthesis
ribosomes, rough and smooth ER, golgi body, nucleus, secretion vesicles, chloroplasts, leucoplasts
smooth ER makes
lipids
rough ER makes
proteins
anaerobic respiration is also called what
glycolysis
aerobic respiration occurs where
mitochondria
anaerobic respiration occurs where
cytoplasm
what part in cellular respiration produces the most energy
electron transport
how much energy does the electron transport make
32 ATPs
what does the plasma membrane do
keeps everything in its place
isotonic solution
solution where solutes inside and outside the cell equal
hypertonic solution
solution with more solutes in solution than in the cell
hypotonic solution
a solution in which the concentration of solutes is less than that of the cell that resides in the solution
cytolysis
hypo tonic-explodes
plasmolysis
hyper tonic-collapses
four stages in cellular respiration
glycolysis, formation of acetyl co-enzyme A, Krebb cycle, electron transport
how much energy does glycolysis produce
2 ATPs
how much energy does formation of acetyl co-enzyme A produce
0
how much energy does the Krebb cycle make
2 ATPs
what is used in cytoplasmic streaming
cytoplasm, cytoskeleton, ions
ion
imbalance of protons and electrons
activation energy
energy needed to activate glycolysis
phagocytosis
white blood cells engulf bacteria and get rid of dying cells and take in protein
what is the cytoskeleton made up of
microfilaments, microtubuoles, intermediate filaments, endoplasmic reticulum
power house of a cell
mitochondria
where is DNA found in a cell
in the nucleus and mitochondria
what organelled stores lipids and proteins
golgi body