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Why does migration occur much less frequently than other forms of mobility?
it produces profound changes for the individual and culture
the changing scale resulting from modern transportation has resulted in....?
Relocation diffusion becoming more feasible
Why do people migrate in large numbers?
Place is still important to an individual's cultural identity and economic prospects
Millions of people were shipped to other countries as slaves and prisoners in
the eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries
In the past, intervening obstacles were primarily
environmental or cultural features obstacles that prevented migration
______- Europeans migrated to the US prior to independence, and _______ after until 1840
1 million, 1 million
_____Africans were brought to America through forced migration during the eighteenth century
1840-50 most came from____ due to these two push factors:
Ireland and Germany, desperate economic push factors, political unrest
European immigration due to overpopulation into the US has led to the NYC being called the
Which regions have attracted large numbers of immigrants in the US due to rapid growth in the US?
South and the West, where Ben is from
The Quota Act in 1921 and the National Origins Act of 1924 acts did what?
established country quotas: 2 percent of people living in the US native born could immigrate
1978: , what kind of quota?
Global, and a per country quota: 20,000 per country, with 290,000 in total
In the nineteenth century, what group comprise millions of workers in mines?
Asian time contract workers
In recent decades, which countries have sent about 25,000 emigrants to the US, all who are possible economic migrants OR refugees?
Cuba, Vietnam, and Haiti
What allowed the for the expansion of the interior of America in the early 1800s?
What areas were beginning to be filled by immigrants in 1940?
Areas between the 98th meridian and California
Why did the westward movement of the U.S. population center slow in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century?
Large-scale migration to the East Coast from Europe offset some of the migration from the East coast to the U.S. West
Why did the population center drift towards the south from 1940 to 2000?
More job opportunities and better environmental conditions in the south.
How has interregional migrational patterns changed in the U.S. in the twenty-first century?
It has decreased because regional economic differences are less dramatic
Where did Soviet Policy encourage factory construction?
Near raw materials rather than existing population concentrations
Why did Russia encourage interregional migration to the Far North?
It was where the resources were available
Why did Brazil want to promote interregional migration?
To help develop the sparsely inhabited center of the country
How did Indonesia encourage migration from the island of Java?
It offered a free air ticket, 5 acres of land, materials to build a house, seeds and pesticides, and a year's worth of rice for families that migrate
In what direction is the principal flow of interregional migration in Europe?
From South East to North West
Where did wealthy Western European countries receive many immigrants from in the twentieth century?
Their former colonies in Africa and Asia
What did the expansion of the European Union into Eastern Europe in the twenty-first century allow for?
Bulgarians, Romanians, and residents of former communist countries to migrate to Western Europe
Why is a permit required in India to migrate or visit the State of Assam?
To protect the ethnic identity of the Assamese by limiting competing outsiders
Migration from rural areas to urban areas began in what time period and location?
In the 1800s in Europe and North America as part of the industrial revolution.
The percentage of people living in urban areas int he United States changed from ___% in 1800 to ___% in 1920.
The number of Asians living in urban areas increased from ____ in 1982 to _____ in 2007 while the number in rural areas decreased from ____ to _____
1/2 billion, 1 3/4 billion. 1 3/4 billion, 1 1/4 billion.
In the twenty-first century, _______ as many Americans migrate from central cities to suburbs as do migrate from suburbs to central cities.
What is the major reason for large-scale migration to the suburbs?
People are pulled by a suburban lifestyle
In MDCs in the late twentieth century, did more people immigrate from urban to rural areas, or from rural to urban areas?
Urban to rural
Today, do more people immigrate from urban to rural areas, or from rural to urban areas?
It is the same amount
The number of Latin Americans into the US entering the US annually is more than twice than what?
immigration in the entire nineteenth century
The fact that Haitians still migrate into the US shows what?
Economic factors are always the most important
vietname war ended in 1975: what happened?
refugees left by boat and helicopter to escape possible persecution
why did Americans temper their dislike for immigrants in the early twentieth century?
they helped settle the frontier and give the US control
the movement of the US population center ____in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century
What factors led to the slowing of the movement of the US population center in the late nineteenth century?
Immigration from Europe, agricultural technology, and the use of the railroads
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