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the era of good feelings

The political bitterness declined because the Federalists had largely dissolved and were no longer attacking the president, then causing an era of good feeling because there was only one political party. The nation was politically united behind the Democratic-Republican Party. The Era of Good Feelings started after the War of 1812.

missouri compromise

The issue was that Missouri wanted to join the Union as a slave state, therefore unbalancing the Union so there would be more slave states then free states. The compromise set it up so that Maine joined as a free state and Missouri joined as a slave state. Congress also made a line across the southern border of Missouri saying except for the state of Missouri, all states north of that line must be free states or states without slavery.

denmark vesey

United States freed slave and insurrectionist in South Carolina who was involved in planning an uprising of slaves and was hanged (1767-1822)

the corrupt bargain

Name for the deal struck between Adams and Clay that if Adams makes Clay Secretary of State, Adams will be guaranteed victory.

monroe doctrine

President James Monroe's statement forbidding further colonization in the Americas and declaring that any attempt by a foreign country to colonize would be considered an act of hostility

erie canal

A canal between the New York cities of Albany and Buffalo, completed in 1825. The canal, considered a marvel of the modern world at the time, allowed western farmers to ship surplus crops to sell in the North and allowed northern manufacturers to ship finished goods to sell in the West.

five civilized tribes

collective name for the Creeks, Choctaws, Cherokees, Chickasaws and Seminoles

market economy

economic system in which decisions on production and consumption of goods and services are based on voluntary exchange in markets

transportation revolution

rapid growth in the speed and convenience of transportation; in the United States this began in the early 1800s

gibbons v. ogden

This case involved New York trying to grant a monopoly on waterborne trade between New York and New Jersey. Judge Marshal, of the Supreme Court, sternly reminded the state of New York that the Constitution gives Congress alone the control of interstate commerce. Marshal's decision, in 1824, was a major blow on states' rights.

eli whitney

United States inventor of the mechanical cotton gin (1765-1825)

waltham and lowell textile mills

the first factories to produce a complete product; attracted young women (to educate males) with higher wages; bad conditions to cut costs; harsh working schedule

richard allen

an african american preacher who helped start the free african society and the african methodist episcopal church

african methodist episcopal church

a predominantly African American Methodist denomination based in the United States. It was founded by the Rev. Richard Allen in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in 1816 from several black Methodist congregations in the mid-Atlantic area that wanted independence from white Methodists. Allen was elected its first bishop in 1816

catharine beecher

was a noted educator, renowned for her forthright opinions on women's education as well as her vehement support of the many benefits of the incorporation of a kindergarten into children's education.

seperate spheres

Nineteenth-century idea in Western societies that men and women, especially of the middle class, should have different roles in society: women as wives, mothers, and homemakers; men as breadwinners and participants in business and politics

horizontal and vertical allegiances

during the antebellum era substitution of horizontal allegiances for vertical allegiances. vertical allegiances power flows from the top down.

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