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Ch 8 TNP Strayer Terms
Terms in this set (22)
A term to describe the network of trade that linked parts of the pre-Columbian Americas; although less intense and complete than the Afro-Eurasian trade networks, this web nonetheless provided a means of exchange for luxury goods and ideas over large areas.
The name given to the massive epidemic that swept Eurasia in the fourteenth century C.E.; it may have been bubonic plague, anthrax, or a collection of epidemic diseases.
The largest Buddhist monument ever built, Borobudur is a mountainous ten-level monument with an elaborate carving program, probably built in the ninth century C.E. by the Sailendras rulers of central Java; it is an outstanding example of cultural exchange and syncretism.
A highly fata disease transmitted by fleas; it devastated the Mediterranean world between 534 and 750 CE and again in the period 1346 - 1350 CE.
Ghana, Mali, Songhay
A series of important states that developed in western and central Sudan in the period 500 - 1600 CE in response to the economic opportunities of trans-Saharan trade (especially control of gold production).
A powerful state in the African interior that apparently emerged from the growing trade in gold to the East African coast; flourished between 1250 and 1350 CE.
A famous Muslim traveler who visited much of the Islamic world in the fourteenth century and wrote a major account of what he saw.
Indian Ocean Trading Network
The world's largest sea based system of communication and exchange before 1500 CE, Indian Ocean commerce stretched from southern China to eastern Africa and included not only the exchange of luxury and bulk goods but also the exchange of ideas and crops.
Nomadic people who controlled much of northern China after the collapse of the Han dynasty. Many converted to Buddhism.
Speakers of Austronesian languages from what is now Indonesia who became major traders in Southeast Asia and Madagascar.
Altering wind currents that blew predictably eastward during the summer months and westward during the winter.
Oasis Cities of Central Asia
Cities such as Merv, Samarkand, Khotan, and Dunhuang that became centers of trans-Eurasian trade
Professional merchants among the Aztecs.
A kingdom of central Java that flourished from the eighth century to the tenth century CE; noted fro being deeply influenced by Indian culture.
A term used to describe the routes of the trans-Sahara trade in Africa
Land based trade routes that linked Eurasia.
A Malay kingdom that dominated the Straits of Malacca between 670 and 1250 CE; noted for its creation of a native/Indian hybrid culture.
From the term for "land of black people", a large region of West Africa that became part of a major exchange circuit.
An East African Civilization that emerged in the eighth century CE from a blending of Bantu, Islamic, and other Indian Ocean trade elements.
Third Wave Civilization
Civilization that emerged between 500 and 1500 CE and were typified by intensifying trade networks.
Trans-Saharan Slave Trade
A fairly small-scale trade that developed in the twelfth century CE, exporting West African slaves captured in raids across the Sahara for sale mostly as household servants in Islamic North Africa; the difficulty of travel across the desert limited the scope of this trade.
An Italian city that exhibited major commerce of the Mediterranean trade at 1000 CE.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
TNP Ch. 9
Unit 3 Terms
TNP Ch. 10
Unit 3 - Ch 11 TNP
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