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two or more individuals who interact, share goals and norms, and have a subjective awareness as "we."
tendency for triads to segregate into a pair and an isolate (a single person); triad tends to segregate into a coalition of the dyad against the isolate
group size effects
effects of group number on group behavior independent of the personality characteristics of the members themselves
group consisting of intimate, face-to-face interaction and relatively long-lasting relationships (ex: family, early peer group)
those that are larger in membership, less intimate, and less long-lasting. Tend to be less significant in the emotional lives of people (ex: all students at a college or university, all people in neighborhood, all people in a corporation)
socioemotional needs; human desires like intimacy, companionship, emotional support
those to which you may or may not belong but use as a standard for evaluating your values, attitudes, and behaviors; not "groups" in the sense that the individual interacts within/in them
principle that we all make inferences about the personalities of others, such as concluding what the other is "really like."
errors made in attributing causes for people's behavior to their membership in a particular group, such as a racial group
primary group of people—usually related by ancestry, marriage, or adoption, who form a cooperative economic unit to care for offspring and each other and who are committed to maintaining the group over time
the pattern of relationships that define people's relationships to one another within a family; vary enormously across cultures and over time
features of a kinship system
o How many marriage partners are permitted at one time
o Who is permitted to marry whom
o How descent is determined
o How property is passed on
o Where the family resides
o How power is distributed
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