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37 terms

Maddock British Literature Semester 1 History and Characters

history questions and characters for English 12 semester 1 test
STUDY
PLAY
Anglo-Saxon
Old English
Latin
language spoken by Romans
Battle of Hastings
fought in 1066 between Harold and William of Normandy (William the Conqueror)
Middle English
developed as French combined with Old English after 1066
feudalism
the exchange of property for personal service
Thomas a Becket
Archbishop of Canterbury who was killed in his own church because Henry II was mad at him
Magna Carta
Latin for "Great Charter," it was signed by King John and often recognized at the start of a constitutional government in England
Wars of the Roses
fought between the Yorks and Lancasters between 1455 and 1485
Black Plague
helped cause the decline of the feudal system because it caused a labor shortage
Johann Guetenberg
European who perfected the process of movable type printing
William Caxton
set up the first movable-type printing press in England
printing press
development of this helped standardize English spellings and bring the language into Modern English
James I
king during the latter part of Shakespeare's life, some of Macbeth's story was altered to possibly impress him
Anglo-Saxon
original language of Beowulf
Sumerian
where Gilgamesh was from legendarily
Homer
author of Illiad
Geoffrey Chaucer
author of The Canterbury Tales
Sir Thomas More
author of Utopia
Stratford-upon-Avon
Shakespeare's birthplace
Antonio
a sea captain; friend to Sebastian; disquised in Illyria, but still was arrested
Feste
Olivia's jester; often sings
Banquo
he heard the predictions; was told his children would be kings; is killed for what he knows but returns as a ghost
Duncan
King of Scotland at the beginning of the play; is murdered
Lady Macbeth
ambitious wife of a thane who helps him become king; becomes unstable at the end and sleepwalks
Lady Macduff
calls her husband a traitor for leaving his family
Macbeth
when King of Scotland is visiting his home, he murders the King
Malcolm
eldest son of the murdered King of Scotland; fled to England; King of Scotland at the very end of the play
Malvolio
a steward of Olivia's household; wears yellow stockings (cross-gartered) and is locked up as part of a joke
Maria
gentlewoman in Olivia's household; part of joke; marries Toby
Olivia
a rich countess of Illyria; falls in love with "Cesario"
Orsino
ends up with Viola at the end
Porter
his trip to answer the door provides a bit of comic relief
Sebastian
twin brother of Viola; ends up with Olivia
Sir Andrew Aguecheeck
a companion of Sir Toby; "fights" Cesario over Olivia
Sir Toby Belch
Olivia's uncle; often drunk
Viola
a shipwrecked lady, later disguised as Cesario
witches
give themain character misleading predictions