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Politics of the United States
VA/U.S. GOVERNMENT, CH 14 "THE PRESIDENCY IN ACTION" STUDY GUIDE, COOPER, MARCH 20, 2105
Terms in this set (49)
Article II of the constsitution does what?
Outlines presidential powers in broad, sketchy terms
Which of the following best describes the presidency as it was established by the framers?
A strong, independent, co-equal chief executive
Why has presidential power grown over the past 200 years?
The federal government now plays a larger role in many areas
How can the Supreme Court check the growth of presidentioan power?
It can rule the actions of the president unconstitutional
Where does the president get the power to grant reprieves and pardons for offenses against the United States?
From the Constitution
What is the correct sequence of steps in the confirmation process?
President nominates; Senate committee examines; floor vote is taken
The Supreme Court has ruled that executive privilege
May be claimed in matters of national securtiy
What does the Constitutiona say about the president's removal power?
It does not say anything about how appointed officials may be dismissed
The president's power to execute the law comes from where?
The oath of office and the "take care" provision of the Constitution
The president makes appointments to high-level positions. What is the first step in the appointment process?
The president nominates candidates
With the exception of federal judges, what is true about the president's removal power?
The president may remove whomever he appoints
In what way is a treaty different from an executive agreement?
Unlike executive agreements, treaties require Senate approval
If a treaty and an act of Congress conflict, which one always has priority?
Whichever one was enacted the latest
Receiving the diplomatic representatives of another country signifies
The United States accepts the other country as an equal member of the family of nations
When does the War Powers Resolution authorize the president to commit military forces to combat
When the nation's interests are threatened
When a new president takes oficce, who decides what executive agreements will be kept that were made by the previous presidents?
The new president
What must the president do after sending troops to fight in a foreign country?
Report to Congress in writing
The president's powere to grant pardons may be used
Only in cases involving federal offenses
The presidential veto is a powerful tool because
A two-thirds vote in both houses is needed to override it
In order for the president to have the power of a line-item veto, what must happen?
The Constitution must be amended
Who may overturn a presidential pardon?
In 1977, President Jimmy Carter forgave the crimes of the Vietnam War draft evaders. What is this judicial powere called?
Where does the president get the power to carry out the laws?
Article II of the Constitution
The president is responsible for what part of the federal government?
The Executive Branch
Which federal workers does the president appoint?
Top-ranking officers like ambassadors, Cabinet members, and federal judges
Which part of the government must vote to approve a treaty before it becomes effective?
What does it mean when the president asks a foreign nation to remove it's ambassador from the United States?
The United States does not agree with the conduct of the other nation
The president does not act on a bill within 10 days of receiving it. If Congress has not adjourned, what happes to the bill?
It becomes law
How has industrial and technological changes affected the presidency?
It has increased presidential power
An "imperial" president is one who
Sees no need to consult Congress before acting
The power to issue executive orders is called
The ordinance power
We know the framers intended the president to have the ordinance power in order to
Carry out the other powers granted by the Constitution
The unwritten rule of senatorial courtesy places limits on what presidential power?
The president's appointment power
Who must confirm a presidential appointment?
What best summarizes the president's removal power?
The president may remove most of the federal workers he has appointed
The claim of executive privilege generally relates to communications between
The president and key staff members
Why might a president seek a joint resolution of Congress, rather than a treaty?
A treaty requires a two-thirds approval vote in the Senate
Since the end of World War II, how has the deployment of military forces been authorized?
By joint resolutions of Congress and by presidential order
The War Powers Resolution was passed in order to
Check the president's war powers
What message of the president is prescribed by the Constitution?
The State of the Union message
Why can the use of signing statements be controversial?
They can be used as a substitute for the veto power
What would be an argument for the line-item veto?
It would reduce wasteful and unnecessary spending
Which of the following powers allows the president to check the actions of the judicial branch?
The clemency powers
How can Congress prevent the president from becoming too powerful?
It can enact laws limiting presidential powers
Which member of the president's administration helps negotiate treaties with other countries?
The Secretary of State
How has the mass media affected presidential power?
It has increased presidential power by helping presidents build support for their policies
What Supreme Court case recognized executive privilege?
United States v. Nixon
How has the Supreme Court ruled on executive privilege?
It can be used in some situations
How can the Supreme Court limit the growth of presidential power?
It can rule that the president's actions are unconstitutional
Recommended textbook explanations
United States Government: Principles in Practice
Luis Ricardo Fraga
United States Government: Democracy In Action
Richard C. Remy
Magruder's American Government
William A. McClenaghan
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